In recent years, the dual-system approach has gained considerable international attention for its success in addressing youth unemployment. Many countries have shown great interest in adopting the German dual VET system. But how might such a transfer be carried out? Exporting a VET system from one country to another is not merely a matter of copying the original system, but is rather a process of selection and adaptation by the importing country. The article offers an approach where the dual system is broken down into 11 distinct elements, each of which can be described and examined with regard to its transferability. Furthermore, reforming education systems is a complex undertaking. This is true in particular for a VET system, which – positioned as it is be- tween a society’s education system and labor market – must interact with a diverse set of actors and institutions. A national VET system seems best viewed as food for thought for innovation ra- ther than as a blueprint for reforms or a finished export product. Additionally, because a VET system is embedded within specific economic, cultural and social systems, exporting it – or its indi- vidual components – is possible only if conditions in the importing countries are comparable.
Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at The German VET system: exportable blueprint or food for thought?
Youth Unemployment – Significantly lower in countries with a high share of dual VET programmes research finds
In this paper, we investigated whether an education system with an extensive VET programme, measured by the enrolment rate of students in these programmes, increases the labour market integration and the quality of jobs for young people. This relationship has been studies before, but we extend the existing literature in three ways: First, we analyse … Continue reading
Last month, I was very fortunate to be included in a study tour of the German dual-system of education and training led by Minister Kenney. He invited CFIB and several other provincial, business and union officials to look at Germany’s successes in vocational training and to determine if there are any lessons for Canada. To … Continue reading
In Canada, by contrast, apprenticeships are generally limited to the skilled trades—carpenters, electricians, pipefitters and the like—and attract a much older crowd with “signiﬁcant” labour market experience, according to a 2011 Statistics Canada study. Only about half of the more than 400,000 registered apprentices will actually complete their programs, with studies attributing the low success … Continue reading
In a world of high youth unemployment, where the supply of skilled labor often fails to match employer demand, Germany believes help can be found in its Dual Vocational Training System (TVET)—a time-tested economic model now incorporated into the Federal Republic’s law. This program, many supporters believe, is the reason why Germany has the lowest jobless rate among … Continue reading
Apprenticeships can offer a precise match between the skills employers want and the training workers receive, says Robert Lerman, an economics professor at American University. “It’s a great model for transferring skills from one generation to the next,” says John Ladd, director of the Department of Labor’s Office of Apprenticeship. Nevertheless, according to the Labor … Continue reading
Apprenticeships in South Carolina / A German company is training students in skilled labor through the model
BMW’s plant in Greer, S.C., is its only one in the United States. The company offers a program called BMW Scholars that allows young workers to study at technical colleges and work Continue reading
Just one-third of German school-leavers each year go to university; the other two-thirds enter the dual trainee programs Continue reading
In interview with the Guardian, chancellor promotes merits of Germany’s dual system of schooling and work experience, and says she regrets impact of eurozone crisis on young people Continue reading
Austria is facing a 17-year decline in the number of 15-year-olds that began in 2007 and won’t turn upward until 2024, according to government data. Faced with a deficit of new apprentices, the country’s labor ministry last month allowed asylum-seekers under age 25 to enter trade apprenticeships. In addition, a growing number of apprentices begin … Continue reading
Kudos to David Leonhardt for calling attention to the staggeringly high American youth unemployment rate — 26.6 percent — compared to rates in Europe and Japan. I just want to add that in addition to overall sluggish job creation, one of the problems is that American employers tend to avoid job training and seek workers who … Continue reading
On Tuesday, January 29th, the German Embassy in Washington, DC hosted “The German Skills Initiative” with many heads of both U.S. and German corporations in attendance. Alongside German Ambassador Peter Ammon, the speakers included U.S. Secretary of Commerce Dr. Rebecca Blank, German Deputy Chief Executive of International Economic Affairs Dr. Volker Treir, CEO of Siemens … Continue reading
Apprenticeship schemes can be the driver for the most disadvantaged young people to gain employment, but they need to be made simpler and more accessible, according to Barclays HR director Lynne Atkin. Atkin, who has been HRD of Barclays since 2009 and this year helped launch its first £20 million apprenticeship scheme, believes one of … Continue reading