Politics & Policies

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Youth Employment Services – Adapting them to young people

Public Employment services (PES) are constantly seeking innovative ways to deliver more effectively to young clients. However, it is often a challenge to find the best means to reach young jobseekers, particularly those most in need of their services. Many young jobseekers might not be aware of the support that is available to them, and … Continue reading

Increasing the Federal Minimum Wage – An interactive tool that allows users to explore the effects of policies by CBO

The federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour has not changed since 2009. Increasing it would raise the earnings and family income of most low-wage workers, lifting some families out of poverty—but it would cause other low-wage workers to become jobless, and their family income would fall. This interactive tool allows users to explore the … Continue reading

National Job Guarantee in US – Considerable uncertainty associated with its impacts

Despite a relatively strong U.S. economy in late 2018, many workers continue to experience stagnant wages and underemployment. In response, policy interventions like subsidized wages, training and search assistance, expanded public employment, and federal guarantees of employment have all been proposed, but relatively little is known about how a federal job guarantee would function. We … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in UK – Understanding recent changes

In 2017 there was overhaul to the apprenticeships system in England: large firms were required to pay 0.5 per cent of their wage bill into an apprenticeship levy, while regulations on training and delivery were firmed up. Two years on, this briefing note takes stock of the system, looking at what’s changed, why and where … Continue reading

A Unified VE System in NZ – Putting industry in charge and ensuring regional skills needs are met

To have effective vocational education, industry needs a say in what providers teach so that on-campus and online students learn the skills they need to be ready for the world of work. Around four to seven industry-governed Workforce Development Councils will be set up from 2020 onwards to give industry greater leadership across vocational education. … Continue reading

Immigration and the Future of Labor Market in US – A plan could be paired with assistance, including the acquisition of new skills

Although the U.S. economy had a banner year in 2018, posting 3 percent gross domestic product (GDP) growth, the long-run projections are not nearly as bright. GDP growth is an- ticipated to average less than 2 percent annually over the next decade, and slow labor force growth is a key underlying reason. U.S. labor force … Continue reading

US – Private Sector Payroll Jobs During Presidential Terms

Th[is] graph is for private employment only. Mr. Trump is in Orange (30 months). The employment recovery during Mr. G.W. Bush’s (red) first term was sluggish, and private employment was down 821,000 jobs at the end of his first term.   At the end of Mr. Bush’s second term, private employment was collapsing, and there were net 382,000 private … Continue reading

Monetary Policy – We have reached the limit of what it can be expected to do

Though the U.S. economy is apparently at or close to full employment, wages have barely budged above the level that would be justified by productivity increases and inflation alone. There is little or no inflationary pressure. The so-called Phillips curve that once mapped the inverse relationship between unemployment and inflation is not serving as a … Continue reading

Retirement in Canada – The Canadian Institute of Actuaries proposes to defer it

The CIA is proposing changes to the age at which benefits should be made available to Canadians under Canada’s retirement income systems and tax-assisted private savings programs, specifically the Canada Pension Plan/Quebec Pension Plan (CPP/QPP), Old Age Security (OAS), and registered pension plans and Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs). This document is intended to engage … Continue reading

Minimum Wage in Ontario – Low-income Individuals and Families Tax (LIFT) credit will provide fewer benefits to Ontarians than cancelled minimum wage increase

Peter Weltman, Financial Accountability Officer of Ontario, has just released a commentary Comparing the LIFT Credit to a Minimum Wage Increase. “The LIFT credit will provide fewer benefits to minimum wage workers than increasing the minimum wage from $14 per hour to $15 per hour,” says Weltman. The Province introduced the LIFT credit to provide … Continue reading

Future of Employment Services in Australia – A report on stakeholders views

In July 2018, the Department of Jobs and Small Business (the Department) commissioned the Social Research Centre to review and analyse the submissions received in response to the Discussion Paper, ‘The Next Generation of Employment Services’ which was released for public comment in late June 2018. Over 450 responses were received from individuals, employment service … Continue reading

Future of Work in Australia – A literature review

The impact of globalisation is expected to increase as digital technologies increasingly enable the movement of labour virtually (Baldwin, 2018). We are seeing teleworking becoming mainstream, the rise of the ‘digital nomad’ where a person can work from anywhere in the world, and contingent employment models (Roos and Shroff, 2017). These changes will influence where … Continue reading

Minimum Wage in UK – National Living Wage (NLW) at 60 per cent of median earnings by October 2020

This Monday, the 1st April, 2 million people working minimum-wage jobs will start the week with a pay rise. The National Living Wage (NLW), the rate that applies to 25+ year olds, will rise by 38p, from £7.83 to £8.21. We project that this will increase the number of people paid at the wage floor … Continue reading

Australia – Review of the Qualifications Framework

The AQF The AQF puts senior secondary school, vocational education and training (VET) and higher education qualifications into a single, national framework. Ithas played an important role in the quality assurance of Australia’s well-regarded tertiary education system and sets out the nature and purpose of senior secondary education. The AQF is used to assist recognition … Continue reading

The Working-Class America – Arresting the decline and building bridges back to opportunity

The 2016 election put the plight of working-class America front and center in American politics. A long-neglected and largely forgotten voting bloc thought by many to be shrinking to the point of irrelevance suddenly mattered, nationally and in every state. But more important even than the political consequences, the campaign and what followed shone a … Continue reading

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