Politics & Policies

This category contains 681 posts

Major challenges facing activation policies aimed at getting working-age people off benefits and into work –

Activation policies aimed at getting working-age people off benefits and into work have been embraced by many OECD countries. In a previous paper, I have argued that activation strategies have performed well during the Great Recession and subsequent recovery in some, but not all, of these countries. At the same time it is pertinent to … Continue reading

Why do we need workforce development programs, and what would it take to design an effective one?

This section discusses trends in U.S. labor markets that have widened the earnings gap between high- and low-skilled workers, and increased the need for programs that help low-wage workers gain skills and advance. Autor and others argue that we have seen the labor market “polarize” over the last few decades: technology has allowed companies to … Continue reading

Disability – Recognizing that the experience of disability varies by type, severity, and duration for a more flexible and tailored approach to policy

In Europe, about one in eight people of working age report having a disability; that is, the presence of a long-term limiting health condition. Despite the introduction of a range of legislative and policy initiatives designed to eliminate discrimination and facilitate retention of and entry into work, disability is associated with substantial and enduring employment … Continue reading

Active labor market policies (ALMPs) – Evaluations have not shown these programs to be particularly effective research finds

Active labor market policies (ALMPs) are massively used to improve labor market outcomes of individuals out of work. Table 1 lists the percentage of Gross Domestic Product that is allocated toward ALMPs in various OECD countries in 2011 (see OECD 2013). In addition, it lists the fraction of the labor force enrolled in ALMP programs … Continue reading

Employment Insurance Coverage in Canada, 2015 – 65.3% of all unemployed paid premiums with 81.1% of them being eligible

The eligibility rate for receiving regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits was 82.8% in 2015, little changed from 83.1% in 2014. In all, 848,000 unemployed people contributed to the EI program in 2015, as they paid premiums in the 12 months preceding their unemployment spell. This represented 65.3% of all unemployed, the largest share since 2009. From 2014 to 2015, the proportion of unemployed people who contributed to the EI … Continue reading

Work-Based Learning for Youth in US – Promising practices

This paper examines four different youth work-based learning strategies, each targeting different youth populations and industry sectors, and identifies key elements of these programs’ success, challenges each has needed to address, and policy recommendations to address these challenges. Why work-based learning Well-designed work-based learning opportunities provide youth participants with occupational and work readiness training while … Continue reading

The Apprenticeship Levy in UK – How will employers respond?

From April 2017, large employers in the UK will be required to pay an apprenticeship levy based on their total pay bill. This study, undertaken by the Institute for Employment Research and IFF Research, was commissioned by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (though the policy responsibility for FE and apprenticeships has now shifted … Continue reading

Labour Market Information (LMI) – Working at sectoral level

There are many different ways to assess the scale and nature of changing skills demand. Skills supply also has several facets. Analysis of skills demand and supply and possible mismatches can take many different forms. A sectoral approach to such matters is de ned as one which looks at changing skills needs from the perspective … Continue reading

Labour Market Information (LMI) – A Guide to reduce the risks of skills mismatch

Every day people, companies and institutions in the labour market are making choices. What education should I or my child take? Is there a quali ed workforce available in the region where our company is considering a new business? Do we need a better educated workforce to attract foreign investments? Is there a need to … Continue reading

Tackling Early Leaving from Education and Training – No single blueprint

Policies and measures to tackle early leaving from education and training are more likely to succeed if they acknowledge the different factors that can influence it and are tailored to the specific profiles of young people at risk of leaving education and training prematurely. There is no single blueprint of an effective intervention to tackle … Continue reading

Australia – Employability Skills Training Consultation Paper

In the 2016-17 Budget, the Australian Government announced an $840 million Youth Employment Package to give young people the employability skills and real work experience they need to get a job. The package will deliver a new Youth Jobs PaTH (Prepare – Trial – Hire) to support young job seekers into jobs. The Youth Jobs … Continue reading

Youth Unemployment – A systematic review of what improve labour market outcomes

This systematic review investigates the impact of training and skills development, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services, and subsidised employment interventions on the labour market outcomes of young women and men. The systematic and meta-analysis is based on evidence from 113 counterfactual-based impact evaluations of 107 active labour market programmes in 31 low-, middle- and high-income countries. … Continue reading

Minimum Wage in US – Only 5 percent of all employers believe the federal minimum wage ($7.25 per hour) is fair

Three-quarters of Americans (75 percent) are living paycheck-to-paycheck to make ends meet, according to a survey from CareerBuilder. Thirty-eight percent of employees said they sometimes live paycheck-to-paycheck, 15 percent said they usually do and 23 percent said they always do. While making ends meet is a struggle for many post-recession, those with minimum wage jobs … Continue reading

Federal Minimum Wage in US – This week marks the seven-year anniversary of the last time it was raised

This week marks the seven-year anniversary of the last time the federal minimum wage was raised, from $6.55 to $7.25 on July 24, 2009. Since then, the purchasing power of the federal minimum wage has fallen by 10 percent as inflation has slowly eroded its value. However, this decline in the buying power of the … Continue reading

Latin America – Active labour market policies are needed to protect social achievements and address productivity gaps

At a time when governments in the region face the dual challenges of creating quality jobs and safeguarding achievements in social inclusion and work quality, an ILO report highlights the need for a new approach based on active labour market policies to address the current economic slowdown. A functional system of ALMPs in the region, … Continue reading

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