Politics & Policies

This category contains 749 posts

Labour Market Agreements in Canada – A more inclusive public accountability framework is needed

Workforce development policy in Canada has undergone extensive reforms in the past two decades, often driven by intergovernmental pressures. Many of these reforms, including the transfer of thousands of federal civil servants to the provinces, along with $2.5 billion annually, have occurred largely unnoticed by the public, or even recipients of services. Accountability measures have … Continue reading

Accreditation in UK – It enhances on-the-job training but only in private sector organisations

Britain has lagged behind the G7 countries in labour productivity in recent years. There is also an emerging concern about a potential post-Brexit skills deficit. Upskilling the existing workforce via on-the-job training may be a vital policy tool available. This paper empirically examines the upskilling impact of a UK government-backed accreditation scheme, Investors in People … Continue reading

Minimum Wages Impacts on Pay Gender Gap – A significant reduction in Ireland but not in UK

Women are disproportionately in low paid work compared to men so, in the absence of rationing effects on their employment, they should benefit the most from minimum wage policies. This study examines the change in the gender wage gap around the introduction of minimum wages in Ireland and the United Kingdom. Using survey data for … Continue reading

Immigration – Points-based admission is less effective than the employer sponsored program research finds

This paper has examined the causal relationship between earnings and high skilled migration inflows under two central selective policies: employer sponsored admission and the points- tested scheme. We attempted to isolate the endogeneity by instrumenting average local area worker earnings with time series variations in global commodity prices, interacting with cross-sectional variation in the commodity … Continue reading

Labour Market Information In Canada – The Council Strategic Plan

In recent years, federal, provincial and territorial governments, Statistics Canada and provincial and territorial statistical agencies and departments have heeded the call for more and better labour market information. Important strides have been made in the collection, analysis and distribution of a range of information to support Canadians. New surveys and programs have been introduced … Continue reading

Worker-Training and Adjustment Policies in US – A reform program

There has been growing speculation that a coming wave of innovation—indeed, a tsunami—powered by artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics, will disrupt labor markets, generate mass unemployment, and shift the few jobs that remain into the insecure “gig economy.” Kneejerk “solutions” from such technology Cassandras include ideas like taxing “robots” and implementing universal basic income for … Continue reading

Minimum wage in South Africa – Not a living wage

On Wednesday, the South African Federation of Trade Unions (SAFTU)—which represents 30 unions with around 800,000 members—organized marches in six South African cities with thousands of participants protesting the government’s proposed minimum wage legislation. The current minimum wage proposal, which was approved by the cabinet in November 2017, calls for a 20 rand (R) ($1.60) … Continue reading

The First Full Year of the Apprenticeships Levy in UK – The number of people starting an apprenticeship over 40 per cent lower

Now that the apprenticeship levy has completed its first full year of operation, this report reviews the available evidence to determine whether the levy will, as the Government hopes, “incentivise more employers to provide quality apprenticeships” and “transform the lives of young people who secure them”. The levy itself is, in effect, a tax of … Continue reading

Youth Guarantee in Europe – Many member states facing challenges when meeting the objectives of early intervention and effective enforcement mechanisms

The European Youth Guarantee (YG) is one of the most innovative labour market policies of recent years. It arrived at a time when an urgent and radical response was needed to address the detrimental long-lasting consequences of long-term unemployment. This article examines empirical evidence on the effectiveness of past youth guarantee experiences, as well as … Continue reading

Fair Recruitment of Migrant Labour – ILO’s guidelines (video)

To tackle abusive and fraudulent recruitment practices, the ILO has developed general principles and operational guidelines for fair recruitment of migrant labour. This video shows guidelines that can be helpful specifically to governments in the recruitment process. Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor.

NEET in Europe – Reaching out

Low qualifications, disengagement from education and training, and long-term unemployment are interconnected phenomena and tend to cumulate throughout a person’s life. Missed chances in early childhood, school age and young adulthood may draw disadvantaged people into a cycle of social marginalisation with ever more scarring effects. Having failed to build adequate soft and technical skills, … Continue reading

Basic Income in Canada – Using the Ontario model would would cost between $76.0 billion and $79.5 billion

The total annual estimated gross cost of the defined GBI would range between $76.0 billion and $79.5 billion for the period 2018-2023. The guaranteed income for disability would range between $3.2 billion and $3.5 billion. PBO forecasts that more than 7.5 million people would benefit from the basic cost of GBI. Thus, on a per capita basis, the annual cost … Continue reading

Skilled Immigration in Australia – The great majority of those visaed in the skill program are professionals, an increasing share of whom hold occupations that are oversupplied

As vexations flowing from record high net overseas migration mount, supporters of the permanent entry program have had to dig deeper to defend it. These supporters include the Treasury and the Reserve Bank as well as business and property interests. They say that any major cut to the migration program would put in jeopardy Australia’s … Continue reading

“Foreign Aid” vs Immigration in Alleviating Global Poverty

Decades of programmatic experimentation by development NGOs combined with the latest empirical techniques for estimating program impact have shown that a well-designed, well-implemented, multi-faceted intervention can in fact have an apparently sustained impact on the incomes of the poor (Banerjee et al 2015). The magnitude of the income gains of the “best you can do” … Continue reading

UK – A guide to Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system

This document provides a summary of the UK’s Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system and how it provides the UK economy with highly skilled people. It contains the following sections: 1. WHY SKILLS ARE IMPORTANT TO THE UK 2. WHAT ARE TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SKILLS? 3. ABOUT THE UK SKILLS SYSTEM 4. A … Continue reading

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