Politics & Policies

This category contains 774 posts

Job Training in US – State funding for job training in Massachusetts, Texas, and Washington

To remain competitive in an increasingly global economy, we must invest in our workers and give them the training and skills to succeed. Federal, state, and local job training programs are a crucial part of that investment. But the landscape of public funding for job training is complex with multiple funding sources and streams, controlled … Continue reading

Federal Funding in US – For higher education, annual total exceeds $150 billion vs $1 billion for a non-college, vocational pathway

Consider two high school seniors — one who exhibits strong academic talent and one who does not… To whom does our education system owe what? After high school graduation, the first student can access more than $10,000 annually in public funds to support his college experience. Federal funding for higher education has grown by 133 … Continue reading

OECD – The new Jobs Strategy

The labour markets of OECD and emerging economies are undergoing major transformations. The widespread slow-down in productivity and wage growth and high levels of income inequality in many countries are coupled with structural changes linked to the digital revolution, globalisation and demographic changes. These deep and rapid transformations raise new challenges for policy makers. In … Continue reading

Immigration around the World – Just 14% say their countries should allow more immigrants

As the number of international migrants reaches new highs, people around the world show little appetite for more migration – both into and out of their countries, according to a Pew Research Center survey of 27 nations conducted in the spring of 2018. Across the countries surveyed, a median of 45% say fewer or no … Continue reading

Immigration in Sweden – An overview of historical and contemporary migration trends and debates

In 2015 a record-breaking 162,877 asylum seekers entered Sweden, which along with Germany was the preferred destination for a wave of Syrians, Afghans, and others who reached European soil in search of protection and better lives. In response, the Swedish government introduced border controls, followed in mid-2016 by a highly restrictive asylum and reunification law—a … Continue reading

Statutory minimum wages in Europe, 2018 – 22 countries out of 28 had a statutory minimum wage

The term ‘minimum wage’ refers to the various legal restrictions governing the lowest rate payable by employers to workers, regulated by formal laws or statutes. This report provides information on statutory minimum wages that are generally applicable in a country and not limited to specific sectors, occupations or groups of employees. While the scope of … Continue reading

Temporary Labor Migration Programs – They have failed to achieve the goal of remedying real or perceived labor shortages report says

Circular or temporary labor migration programs (TLMPs), also referred to as “guestworker” programs, aim to add workers temporarily to a country’s labor force without adding permanent immigrants to the population. Many industrial countries and major countries of destination for migrant workers operate TLMPs. This report makes the case that TLMPs—even if carefully managed by governments—have … Continue reading

Minimum Wage in in South Africa – A bill is passed setting it at 20 rand an hour, about $1.45

On Monday, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa signed a national minimum wage bill into law. The National Minimum Wage Act sets minimum wage at 20 rand an hour (about $1.45 an hour). South Africa’s average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is currently about $10,872. Proponents of the bill have touted benefits this move will … Continue reading

Germany – How the future of work is tackled

Digital technologies could have a disruptive effect on future jobs, as well as on the tasks performed by workers and the skills required of them. There may be an even stronger demand for highly skilled workers, but the outlook for those in medium-skilled manufacturing who hold vocational training degrees is more unsure. This is seen … Continue reading

Skills Strategy and Cities – The case of London

Mayor’s vision The Mayor is determined that London becomes a city where all residents benefit from the capital’s opportunities and success, and where London’s employers and businesses can access the skills they need to succeed and compete, nationally and internationally. To achieve this, London must have a system for post-16 adult education and skills that … Continue reading

Higher Education for the 21st Century – Competency-based education and Lifetime Learning Accounts are keys

Today education and training beyond high school are more essential to our success as individuals and as a nation than ever before. Experts estimate that approximately two-thirds of American jobs will require some postsecondary education or training by 2020.1 Of the jobs created since the last recession, almost all have gone to workers with at … Continue reading

The Future of Work – New education models for extending the principle of dual education

How should educational systems and school-to-work transition (SWT) regimes be modeled to better serve the needs of Industry 4.0? Although a high level of general education will be important for its training content to develop adaptability, it is not the only component to develop. What will be increasingly important are the work-related skills. This will … Continue reading

Skills Gap – How to address the opportunities and challenges for skill development in the digital economy

The pervasiveness of digital technologies in daily life is fundamentally changing the way individuals access and elaborate knowledge. Individuals have to process complex information, think systematically and take decisions weighting different forms of evidence. They also have to continuously update their skills to match rapid technical change at the workplace. More fundamentally, in order to … Continue reading

Skills Gap in Ireland – A significant proportion of those in employment have low level qualifications and a large number of these are older workers

This document presents the main findings from research and consultation undertaken by SOLAS to inform the development of the 2018-2021 Further Education and Training Policy Framework for Skills Development of People in Employment. The findings are based on a review of national and international policy and research, and current policy, provision and supports for employee … Continue reading

US – “Now Jobs” for Young Adult

Years into the economic recovery, young adults still face difficulty connecting to the labor market. High unemployment is particularly a problem for young people of color. Many live in communities without a strong employment base, have attended low-performing schools, and lack connections to employed adults who can provide guidance and help them explore career interests, … Continue reading

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