Politics & Policies

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Active Labour Market Programs in Ontario – A need to better tailor job programs

About 450,000 Ontarians are on social assistance, costing the province $2.8 billion annually, according to a new study from the C.D. Howe Institute. In ‘Assessing Active Labour-Market Programs: How Effective is Ontario Works?’ authors Jason Adams, Ken Chow and David Rosé examine the success of various Ontario Works programs in getting welfare recipients back into … Continue reading

Ontario – Employment programs have not kept pace with the changing labour market

In Working Paper 29, The labour market shift: Training a highly skilled and resilient workforce in Ontario, the Institute examines Ontario’s changing labour market and skills, employer-driven training, and government skills training programs. Ontario’s labour market has changed. For Ontarians to remain resilient in face of this change, they must be equipped with skills that are transferable … Continue reading

TVET Coordination Mechanisms – The stimulus to review governance systems is less likely to come from within

Coordination is a wide-ranging term which this publication interprets as covering interaction between different ministries and government agencies at a national level; interaction between national, subnational and local structures and agencies; and interaction with social partners such as employers, trade unions and civil society organizations. The publication focuses primarily on the interaction between government ministries … Continue reading

Skills in Canada – Closing the Gap

Canada’s labour market will not have the skilled workers it needs unless we change the way we train workers today. As automation spurs rapid change, Canada needs to change its approach to education, training and skills development in order to close the skills gap. Labour markets in Canada and around the world are being disrupted … Continue reading

Public Service in Canada – Should grow its interchange program to build skills and networks

The public sector should expand its interchange program with the private sector in order to diversify its employees’ networks and skill sets and, in so doing, help the public service face employment challenges and disruptive technologies. As the labour market shifts from full-time work toward short-term and part-time contracts, workers and organizations are experiencing benefits … Continue reading

Demand-Driven Immigration – The case of Australia

Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at OECD iLibrary | Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Australia 2018

Middle Skills Gap in US – The case of Georgia

Georgia joins a number of states this month in convening a new session of the legislature and welcoming a new governor. One of the most pressing challenges facing these new leaders is the state’s middle skills gap. Most jobs in Georgia’s labor market – 55 percent – are middle-skill jobs, which require more than a … Continue reading

The Future of Work – President Obama’s top economic adviser on policies

Jason Furman, president Obama’s top economic adviser explains which policies could help workers succeed in an era of globalization and automation. McKinsey: What can be done to alleviate the downsides of globalization? Jason Furman: The most important thing we can do is to equip people to succeed in a world with globalization, a world with artificial intelligence … Continue reading

Unemployment Insurance in Germany – The impact of the Hartz reforms

A key question in labor market research is how the unemployment insurance system affects unemployment rates and labor market dynamics. A new IZA Discussion Paper by Benjamin Hartung, Philip Jung and Moritz Kuhn revisits this old question studying the German Hartz reforms. The study traces the German labor market miracle back to the reform of … Continue reading

Asylum Seekers – Governments narrowing and hardening policies in 2018

Faced with absorbing vast numbers of asylum seekers who headed to Europe during the 2015-16 migration crisis and the ongoing arrival of much smaller, but steady flows of Central Americans at the U.S.-Mexico border, EU Member States and the United States in 2018 took or explored steps to narrow asylum and harden policies. Some moves, … Continue reading

Job Training in US – State funding for job training in Massachusetts, Texas, and Washington

To remain competitive in an increasingly global economy, we must invest in our workers and give them the training and skills to succeed. Federal, state, and local job training programs are a crucial part of that investment. But the landscape of public funding for job training is complex with multiple funding sources and streams, controlled … Continue reading

Federal Funding in US – For higher education, annual total exceeds $150 billion vs $1 billion for a non-college, vocational pathway

Consider two high school seniors — one who exhibits strong academic talent and one who does not… To whom does our education system owe what? After high school graduation, the first student can access more than $10,000 annually in public funds to support his college experience. Federal funding for higher education has grown by 133 … Continue reading

OECD – The new Jobs Strategy

The labour markets of OECD and emerging economies are undergoing major transformations. The widespread slow-down in productivity and wage growth and high levels of income inequality in many countries are coupled with structural changes linked to the digital revolution, globalisation and demographic changes. These deep and rapid transformations raise new challenges for policy makers. In … Continue reading

Immigration around the World – Just 14% say their countries should allow more immigrants

As the number of international migrants reaches new highs, people around the world show little appetite for more migration – both into and out of their countries, according to a Pew Research Center survey of 27 nations conducted in the spring of 2018. Across the countries surveyed, a median of 45% say fewer or no … Continue reading

Immigration in Sweden – An overview of historical and contemporary migration trends and debates

In 2015 a record-breaking 162,877 asylum seekers entered Sweden, which along with Germany was the preferred destination for a wave of Syrians, Afghans, and others who reached European soil in search of protection and better lives. In response, the Swedish government introduced border controls, followed in mid-2016 by a highly restrictive asylum and reunification law—a … Continue reading

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