Politics & Policies

This category contains 701 posts

Talent for ICT in Canada – The immigration stream

The application and adoption of social, mobile, applications, analytics and the cloud (SMAAC) and Internet of Things (IoT) in sectors such as health, manufacturing, natural resources, financial services and government services has created strong demand for highly skilled workers capable of implementing and managing these technologies. However, Canada is experiencing a shortage of skilled ICT … Continue reading

“Australians first” Labor Strategy – Temporary work visa will be replaced by the Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS)

Australian PM Malcolm Turnbulll announced his own “Australians first” labor strategy. The government is abolishing its temporary work visa for skilled employees currently held by 95,000 people, or 1% of the workforce. The 457 visa, which like the American H-1B visa was sponsored by employers, will be replaced by the Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) visa. … Continue reading

Social Welfare Policies in US – Certain encourage more people to work

Certain social welfare policies, according to an emerging body of research, may actually encourage more people to work and enable them to do so more productively. That is the conclusion of work that aims to understand in granular detail how different government interventions affect people’s behavior. It amounts to a liberal version of “supply-side economics,” … Continue reading

Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP) in Canada – An account at age 15 is associated with higher postsecondary enrolment rates by age 19

The registered education savings plan (RESP) investment vehicle is designed to encourage parents of school-age children to save early for their children’s education. This study investigates RESP investments in families, by family income, and subsequent postsecondary enrolment among children in these families. The study finds that among families with children under the age of 18, … Continue reading

Public Employment Service in US – USDOL has neglected strengthening the partnership with Unemployment Insurance research finds

The Employment Service-Unemployment Insurance (ES-UI) partnership is rooted in permanent authorizing statutes, an identical fund source, common rules for state administration, and interdependent practices to guard against improper payments and expose claimants to suitable job openings. This partnership is central to the success of the public workforce system. Over the past several decades, USDOL has … Continue reading

Unemployment Insurance in US – How to improve it

Some researchers and policymakers have reasonably worried that generous UI could discourage serious job search and raise workers’ wage demands unrealistically (an instance of what economists call “moral hazard”), thereby slowing the overall labor market recovery. To be clear, most labor economists do not share the worry that unemployment is increased much by UI. But … Continue reading

Universal Basic Income (UBI) – Three reasons

From Mongolia to Finland to India, we are seeing heightened interest in the idea of a universal basic income (UBI)—an unconditional cash grant given to every citizen, regardless of their employment status or wealth. The idea is controversial, receiving criticism from many quarters including Future Development. To sharpen the debate, it’s useful to distinguish three … Continue reading

Skills Policy at Local Level – Learning Lessons from Abroad for UK

Evidence was drawn from the USA, Canada, Australia, Belgium (Flanders), and Sweden. All have skill systems and models of local governance that reflect their unique historical development. But this does not preclude learning lessons from their experiences that can inform the process local areas in England are embarking upon. Enabling effective local working is dependent … Continue reading

Active Labour Market Policy (ALMP) in Developing Countries – Far less effective than policy makers, program participants, and economists typically expect

Jobs are the number one policy concern of policy makers in many countries. The global financial crisis, rising demographic pressures, high unemployment rates, and concerns over automation all make it seem imperative that policy makers employ increasingly more active labor market policies. This paper critically examines recent evaluations of labor market policies that have provided … Continue reading

Environment – The greening of economies will require a mix of macroeconomic, industrial, sectoral, labour market and skills policies

The greening of economies through public and private investments in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication will require a mix of macroeconomic, industrial, sectoral, labour market and skills policies. These investments in the formal and informal sector will create and enable sustainable enterprises to prosper. Paying close attention to skills development for the transition to environmentally … Continue reading

Paid Leave in US – Largely supported and employers should cover the costs pools finds

A new study conducted by Pew Research Center finds that Americans largely support paid leave, and most supporters say employers, rather than the federal or state government, should cover the costs. Still, the public is sharply divided over whether the government should require employers to provide this benefit or let employers decide for themselves, and … Continue reading

Driving Up the Demand for Skills in UK – Skills policy is only one part of a strategic mix

The general direction of skills policy in the UK over the recent past has been to create a market for training in order to improve the degree to which the skills people acquire are matched to those that the economy demands. A recognised weakness of the training market, certainly over the 1990s and early 2000s, … Continue reading

UK – The adult skills system is failing to build an economy that works for everyone IPPR says

The government is seeking to build an economy that works for everyone. As we leave the European Union, we will need to ensure that our country can compete in a global economy, and the government has set goals of boosting living standards, growth and productivity, and addressing deeply engrained regional inequalities. However, England’s adult skills … Continue reading

Sub-Minimum Wages in OECD – Of the over two-thirds who have a statutory wage, just under two-thirds have special rates for young people (15-24)

The ESRI and the Low Pay Commission jointly published “A Study of Sub-Minimum Wage Rates for Young People”, a new report that examines international practice on the extent to which sub-minimum wage rates are paid within National Minimum Wage (NMW) frameworks and how such wage rates are generally designed. The report also uses historical data … Continue reading

Minimum Wages in US – Wages for low-wage workers rose faster in states that increased their minimum wage

In 2016, wages for low-wage workers rose faster in states that increased their minimum wage than in states that saw no minimum wage increase. 17 states and the District of Columbia (shaded green on the map) increased their minimum wage through legislation, ballot measures, and indexing last year. The remaining 33 states did not increase … Continue reading

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