Politics & Policies

This category contains 691 posts

Paid Leave in US – Largely supported and employers should cover the costs pools finds

A new study conducted by Pew Research Center finds that Americans largely support paid leave, and most supporters say employers, rather than the federal or state government, should cover the costs. Still, the public is sharply divided over whether the government should require employers to provide this benefit or let employers decide for themselves, and … Continue reading

Driving Up the Demand for Skills in UK – Skills policy is only one part of a strategic mix

The general direction of skills policy in the UK over the recent past has been to create a market for training in order to improve the degree to which the skills people acquire are matched to those that the economy demands. A recognised weakness of the training market, certainly over the 1990s and early 2000s, … Continue reading

UK – The adult skills system is failing to build an economy that works for everyone IPPR says

The government is seeking to build an economy that works for everyone. As we leave the European Union, we will need to ensure that our country can compete in a global economy, and the government has set goals of boosting living standards, growth and productivity, and addressing deeply engrained regional inequalities. However, England’s adult skills … Continue reading

Sub-Minimum Wages in OECD – Of the over two-thirds who have a statutory wage, just under two-thirds have special rates for young people (15-24)

The ESRI and the Low Pay Commission jointly published “A Study of Sub-Minimum Wage Rates for Young People”, a new report that examines international practice on the extent to which sub-minimum wage rates are paid within National Minimum Wage (NMW) frameworks and how such wage rates are generally designed. The report also uses historical data … Continue reading

Minimum Wages in US – Wages for low-wage workers rose faster in states that increased their minimum wage

In 2016, wages for low-wage workers rose faster in states that increased their minimum wage than in states that saw no minimum wage increase. 17 states and the District of Columbia (shaded green on the map) increased their minimum wage through legislation, ballot measures, and indexing last year. The remaining 33 states did not increase … Continue reading

UK – Is there different treatment in recruitment practices and the workplace based on nationality?

In August 2015, the Equality and Human Rights Commission (‘the EHRC’) conducted research into employer and employee practices, perceptions and experiences in relation to recruitment. Our aim was to understand whether there was any evidence of differential treatment between UK-born and foreign-born workers with a right to work in the UK; the extent of discrimination … Continue reading

Canada – 21% of recent temporary foreign workers gained permanent residence within five years

The number of temporary foreign workers in Canada increased considerably from the early 1990s. Temporary foreign workers over this period also became an increasingly important source of permanent residents admitted to Canada. Using the Temporary Residents file and the Immigrant Landing File, this article documents the changes in the levels and types of new temporary … Continue reading

Voters are often blatantly misinformed about the facts of immigration, but are willing to update their perceptions

The recent political success of right-wing populists in the US and in many European countries is often attributed to a surge in anti-immigrant sentiments among broad parts of voter populations. Researchers, however, have struggled to understand the development of these hostile attitudes. What are key drivers and determinants? Can misperceptions be tackled? These questions are … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in UK – Substantial opportunities to deliver employer-led training that can boost skills and performance

Nearly a quarter of all job openings in 2015 were left vacant because employers could not nd people with the right skills or knowledge to ll them. Equipping people with better skills is not only crucial to driving productivity, it also has a role in sharing prosperity generated by growth, driving social mobility and ensuring … Continue reading

Sectoral Cooperation on Skills in Europe – Three steps to match skills to sectors’ needs

The Blueprint for Sectoral Cooperation on Skills is a new framework for strategic cooperation to address short and medium-term skills needs in a given economic sector. The publication outlines how stakeholders (businesses, trade unions, public authorities, research, education and training institutions etc.) can apply the framework to address sectoral challenges, illustrating the steps towards delivering … Continue reading

Major challenges facing activation policies aimed at getting working-age people off benefits and into work –

Activation policies aimed at getting working-age people off benefits and into work have been embraced by many OECD countries. In a previous paper, I have argued that activation strategies have performed well during the Great Recession and subsequent recovery in some, but not all, of these countries. At the same time it is pertinent to … Continue reading

Why do we need workforce development programs, and what would it take to design an effective one?

This section discusses trends in U.S. labor markets that have widened the earnings gap between high- and low-skilled workers, and increased the need for programs that help low-wage workers gain skills and advance. Autor and others argue that we have seen the labor market “polarize” over the last few decades: technology has allowed companies to … Continue reading

Disability – Recognizing that the experience of disability varies by type, severity, and duration for a more flexible and tailored approach to policy

In Europe, about one in eight people of working age report having a disability; that is, the presence of a long-term limiting health condition. Despite the introduction of a range of legislative and policy initiatives designed to eliminate discrimination and facilitate retention of and entry into work, disability is associated with substantial and enduring employment … Continue reading

Active labor market policies (ALMPs) – Evaluations have not shown these programs to be particularly effective research finds

Active labor market policies (ALMPs) are massively used to improve labor market outcomes of individuals out of work. Table 1 lists the percentage of Gross Domestic Product that is allocated toward ALMPs in various OECD countries in 2011 (see OECD 2013). In addition, it lists the fraction of the labor force enrolled in ALMP programs … Continue reading

Employment Insurance Coverage in Canada, 2015 – 65.3% of all unemployed paid premiums with 81.1% of them being eligible

The eligibility rate for receiving regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits was 82.8% in 2015, little changed from 83.1% in 2014. In all, 848,000 unemployed people contributed to the EI program in 2015, as they paid premiums in the 12 months preceding their unemployment spell. This represented 65.3% of all unemployed, the largest share since 2009. From 2014 to 2015, the proportion of unemployed people who contributed to the EI … Continue reading

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