Michel Cournoyer

Michel Cournoyer has written 10223 posts for Job Market Monitor

Skills in Canada – Five priority areas for building a country that supports ongoing learning

Whether Canadians are looking for a job, working from home or changing how they work in order to respect public health guidelines, many are facing new challenges as a result of the global COVID-19 pandemic. In order to tackle these challenges, we need to ensure Canadians have access to the tools they need to learn … Continue reading

Europe – 2020 Key indicators on education, skills and employment

The Key Indicators on Education, Skills and Employment (KIESE) are a collection of statistics that are part of a broader set of indicators proposed by the European Training Foundation (ETF) to enable an assessment of developments in the field of human capital in the partner countries. They include data on vocational education and training (VET), … Continue reading

200 Years of Human Capital in Europe – Core-periphery structure was relatively time persistent for longer time periods

Human capital is today an important determinant of economic growth. However, evidence on its long-run regional development in Europe is still relatively limited. For this reason, this paper investigates the development of human capital in the European regions over the last 200 years. It indicates that “the long shadow of history” plays an important role … Continue reading

Women’s STEM Careers in Infrastructure – From initial attraction, job recruitment, to retention and advancement

The report distills the findings from an extensive literature review, a global stocktaking exercise, key informant interviews, and five case studies in order to provide World Bank Group project teams with insights that they can use to support women’s STEM careers in infrastructure at each stage of their careers—from initial attraction to the sectors and … Continue reading

Youth Employment Group in UK – The government should implement an ‘Opportunity Guarantee’

Final recommendations from the Youth Employment Group (YEG) Prior to the onset of the COVID-19 crisis, there were already 760,000 young people not in education or employment in the UK. The Institute for Fiscal Studies has recently shown that young people are 2.5 times more likely to be working in the sectors most affected by … Continue reading

Firm Investments in Skills in UK – EU Referendum and the Financial Crisis made firms less likely to increase expenditure on worker training

Investments in both human and physical capital are key drivers of economic growth and productivity gains. The United Kingdom has had a turbulent recent history, being strongly affected by the Global Financial Crisis of 2008 and more recently voting to leave the European Union, its largest trading partner. We use firm-level survey data for the … Continue reading

Teleworking – Policy options

Prior to the COVID-19 outbreak, teleworking used to be treated chiefly as a matter of opportunity to improve employee’s work-life balance. Suddenly, the pandemic turned it into an urgent solution to reduce the risk of contagion and ensure economic continuity. The practice has spread from an occasional option mainly concentrated in a few countries, and … Continue reading

Finland – Immigrant job applicants with equivalent qualifications are treated differently

A large body of research conducted in various countries has highlighted discrimination for its role in depressing immigrants’ effective integration into the labour market (e.g. Carlsson, 2010; Drydakis and Vlassis, 2010; Fibbi et al., 2006; Heath and Cheung, 2007; Kaas and Manger, 2011; McGinnity and Lunn, 2011; Midtbøen, 2015; Weichselbaumer, 2015). Immigrants’ disadvantaged status has … Continue reading

UI Weekly Claims in US (Week ending November 21) – 778,000, an increase of 30,000 from the previous week’s

In the week ending November 21, the advance figure for seasonally adjusted initial claims was 778,000, an increase of 30,000 from the previous week’s revised level. The previous week’s level was revised up by 6,000 from 742,000 to 748,000. The 4-week moving average was 748,500, an increase of 5,000 from the previous week’s revised average. … Continue reading

International Students in Canada – They accounted for all of the growth in postsecondary enrolments in 2018/2019

Student enrolments in Canadian public universities and colleges rose for the fourth consecutive academic year in 2018/2019, driven solely by higher enrolments by international students. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, postsecondary students experienced significant changes to their educational instruction, with most students learning remotely at the end of the 2019/2020 academic period and … Continue reading

COVID – Two-thirds of company leaders say their organizational cultures currently place a high or very high value on learning

In a new survey, leaders say the pandemic has alerted them to the urgency of getting learning programs right. Yet companies are falling short in delivering outcomes, and executives can do more to support capability-building efforts. Across the globe, company leaders report that the value of capability building has increased dramatically since the start of … Continue reading

Employer Skills Survey (ESS) in UK – Three-fifths (61%) of employers had funded or arranged training

The Employer Skills Survey (ESS) has run biennially since 2011, providing a vital source of intelligence on the skills issues employers face. ESS traditionally has an inward- looking focus assessing the current skills position and skills needs of employers. It has sat alongside the Employer Perspectives Survey, which is primarily outward-looking, covering provision of and … Continue reading

Remote Work in Nine Countries – The potential for remote work is highly concentrated

The future of remote work is likely to be hybrid in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, mostly for a highly educated, well paid minority of the workforce. Building on the McKinsey Global Institute’s body of work on automation, AI, and the future of work, we extend our models to consider where work is performed.1 … Continue reading

Active Labour Market Programmes in UK and Denmark – Employer critical and consider programs unsuited to their needs

This report presents findings from a comparative mixed methods study of employer engagement in active labour market programmes (ALMPs) in the UK and Denmark. The report focuses on findings from 103 in-depth semi-structured qualitative interviews with employers and organisations delivering (ALMPs) (‘providers’) 3 in the UK 4 and Denmark.  Employers in both countries were … Continue reading

Covid in Toronto – About 30% are struggling to pay essentials, like rent, food, and utilities

The Toronto Fallout Report captures seven months in the life of the COVID-19 pandemic in our city. This report applies an equity lens to data, issues and the analysis of the research. It documents the disproportionate impacts of COVID-19 on marginalized populations and the organizations that serve them. At the same time, it surfaces the … Continue reading

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