Michel Cournoyer

Michel Cournoyer has written 8250 posts for Job Market Monitor

The Machine Age – Policies to foster adult learning and ICT skills

A new technological epoch is underway – the so-called Machine Age – reflecting advances in artificial intelligence, digitalisation and Big Data. Some commentators have claimed that this epoch is different from previous ones in that it will produce large-scale technological unemployment, while others argue the contrary. Only time will judge who is right on this … Continue reading

Paid Leave in US – Largely supported and employers should cover the costs pools finds

A new study conducted by Pew Research Center finds that Americans largely support paid leave, and most supporters say employers, rather than the federal or state government, should cover the costs. Still, the public is sharply divided over whether the government should require employers to provide this benefit or let employers decide for themselves, and … Continue reading

Driving Up the Demand for Skills in UK – Skills policy is only one part of a strategic mix

The general direction of skills policy in the UK over the recent past has been to create a market for training in order to improve the degree to which the skills people acquire are matched to those that the economy demands. A recognised weakness of the training market, certainly over the 1990s and early 2000s, … Continue reading

Radicalization – Unemployed secondary educated people have the highest probability, followed by tertiary educated unemployed/underemployed research finds

Unemployed/underemployed educated individuals are more likely to support violent extremism with unemployed secondary educated people having the highest probability for radicalization followed by tertiary educated unemployed/underemployed. This paper represents a contribution to the literature on the relationship between economic development and radicalization or support for violent extremism. It uses survey data from eight Arab countries … Continue reading

Deaths of Despair in US – Deaths by drugs, alcohol, and suicide in midlife for white non-Hispanics

Professors Case and Deaton are following up on their research … examining midlife mortality rates of white non-Hispanics in the U.S. by geography, education, birth cohort, and more. Dividing the country into 1,000-plus regions, the authors find that the rate of “deaths of despair” (deaths by drugs, alcohol, and suicide) in midlife for white non-Hispanics … Continue reading

Automation in Trucking – Many jobs are not likely to disappear anytime soon

Automation has become one of the major ongoing stories regarding the future of the American economy. What began with the rise of robots—and loss of jobs—across manufacturing industries is now a full blown threat to traditional jobs across all industries, salary bands, and education requirements. The effects are wide-reaching, no job may be safe.  On … Continue reading

UK – The adult skills system is failing to build an economy that works for everyone IPPR says

The government is seeking to build an economy that works for everyone. As we leave the European Union, we will need to ensure that our country can compete in a global economy, and the government has set goals of boosting living standards, growth and productivity, and addressing deeply engrained regional inequalities. However, England’s adult skills … Continue reading

Automation – The potential scope is expanding

In tandem with the diffusion of computer technologies, labour markets across the OECD have undergone rapid structural transformation. In this paper, we examine i) the impact of technological change on labour market outcomes since the computer revolution of the 1980s, and ii) recent developments in digital technology – including machine learning and robotics – and … Continue reading

Sub-Minimum Wages in OECD – Of the over two-thirds who have a statutory wage, just under two-thirds have special rates for young people (15-24)

The ESRI and the Low Pay Commission jointly published “A Study of Sub-Minimum Wage Rates for Young People”, a new report that examines international practice on the extent to which sub-minimum wage rates are paid within National Minimum Wage (NMW) frameworks and how such wage rates are generally designed. The report also uses historical data … Continue reading

Automation and skills – More education, and different kinds

A broad area of agreement: People need to learn new skills to work in the new economy. “The best response is to increase the skills of the labor force,” said Gregory Mankiw, an economist at Harvard.  The most valuable thing could be to increase college enrollment and graduation rates. A growing number of jobs require … Continue reading

Sweden – The unemployment rate dropped to 7.8 percent in January 2017 and varies in different parts of the country

Where you live in Sweden can have a significant impact on your likelihood of being unemployed, the latest figures from national employment agency Arbetsförmedlingen show. While the unemployment rate for Sweden as a whole dropped to 7.8 percent in January 2017 compared to 8 percent a year prior, the agency’s stats show that the rate … Continue reading

Immigration in Canada – Prior host-country work experience as a criteria would improve integration

Recent changes to immigration selection policies favor skilled workers with prior work experience in the immigrant host country. Using unique administrative tax data for Canada, we estimate earnings equations to quantify the difference in earnings of immigrants with prior Canadian experience (prefilers) and those without prior experience (non-prefilers). We find that, relative to non-prefilers, entry … Continue reading

Robots and Jobs in Canada – 42 percent of the tasks can be automated report finds

For this report we used methodologies both from Oxford professors Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael A. Osborne and from management consulting firm McKinsey & Company, which have been employed in other jurisdictions, and applied them both to Canadian data for the first time. Read this report to help you: Understand the effects that automation can … Continue reading

Labor Market Information – Using online job-portal big data

Economists and other social scientists are increasingly using big data analytics to address longstanding economic questions and complement existing information sources. Big data produced by online platforms can yield a wealth of diverse, highly granular, multidimensional information with a variety of potential applications. This paper examines how online job-portal data can be used as a … Continue reading

Temporary Foreign Workers in US – The numbers

Many Americans are aware of the often-cited estimate that approximately 11 million unauthorized immigrants reside in the United States. However, the U.S. government does not have an adequate, reliable estimate for the total number of temporary foreign workers who are authorized to be employed in the U.S. labor market in the main nonimmigrant visa classifications … Continue reading

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