Michel Cournoyer

Michel Cournoyer has written 8428 posts for Job Market Monitor

School-to-Work Transition in Italy – A sclerotic labor market and a very inefficient and disorganized educational system

This essay has examined the Italian SWTR, which is a typical example of the European Mediterranean one where the role of the State is marginal as compared to that of the family. The latter has to bear the cost of the extremely slow transition period young people undergo on their way from education to a … Continue reading

Higher Education in US – Eight economic facts

The higher education sector itself is an important piece of the U.S. economy. In the fall of 2013, institutions of higher education that participated in Title IV federal financial aid programs employed almost 4 million people. The higher education sector also confers a large advantage to the United States in the global market for talent. … Continue reading

Overqualified Grads in US – 25 percent in 2015 based on a “good-fit jobs” approach

Recent studies have claimed that as many as 48 percent of college graduates are overqualified for the jobs they have, but this figure seems inconsistent with their comparatively higher earnings relative to earnings of workers without a college degree. To obtain that high mark, those studies classify many occupations that pay well as being a … Continue reading

Seattle’s Minimum Wage – Costing jobs research finds

The city’s escalating minimum wage has meant a slight increase in pay among workers earning up to $19 per hour, but the hours worked in such jobs have shrunk, a study commissioned by the city found. It estimates there would be 5,000 more such jobs without the Seattle law. The UW team published its first … Continue reading

Skills Gap in IT – Nearly half report that the situation has grown

When it comes to the concept of a workforce “skills gap,” most IT and business executives recall hearing or seeing something about it (86% definitely or maybe), regardless of job role. However, it is a more prevalent concept within IT companies vs. organizations outside the IT industry, as well as among those who view technology … Continue reading

Dual Apprenticeship in Germany – The employment advantage of youth reverses over time and disappears around age 50

Vocationally-trained workers with relatively narrow skills face a harsher labor market with time as the nature of production changes. The employment advantage of German youth with vocational as compared to general education reverses over time and disappears around age 50, according to a study I conducted along with an international team. At that point, even … Continue reading

Three strategic steps you can take to reduce bias during candidate screening

Overcoming bias in the screening stage requires not just the right technology but an overall strategy as well. Here are three strategic steps you can take to reduce bias during candidate screening. 1) Identify If a Bias Exists During the Screening Stage Identify if a bias exists in your candidate screening by comparing the demographics of the … Continue reading

India – A growing skills gap IBM finds

India has significant socioeconomic advantages over other developing countries. A thriving entrepreneurial culture, strong investor confidence, a vibrant diaspora, a young enthusiastic workforce, supportive government initiatives and growing institutional engagement combine to form a solid platform for a robust, internationally competitive economy. But beneath the surface, several challenges are becoming increasingly evident regarding the availability … Continue reading

Labor Mobility in US – Switching employers or shifting in and out of the workforce has been declining

The median number of years that wage and salary workers in the U.S. have been with their current employer was 4.2 when the Bureau of Labor Statistics last checked in January 2016. That’s higher than at any time in the 1980s or ’90s. The percentage of Americans switching employers or shifting in and out of … Continue reading

Truckers – A yearlong investigation by the USA TODAY Network

A yearlong investigation by the USA TODAY Network found that port trucking companies in southern California have spent the past decade forcing drivers to finance their own trucks by taking on debt they could not afford. Companies then used that debt as leverage to extract forced labor and trap drivers in jobs that left them … Continue reading

Google for Job s’en vient aux États-Unis – Des offres sélectionnées par des algorithmes d’intelligence artificielle et d’apprentissage automatique

Imaginez à présent que chaque fois que vous allez sur Google, des offres sélectionnées par des algorithmes d’intelligence artificielle et d’apprentissage automatique vous soient proposées. Comment cela changerait-il la dynamique de l’emploi ? Mais tout d’abord comment cela est-il possible ? En analysant les recherches effectuées sur son moteur de recherche par l’internaute, Google sera … Continue reading

Veterans in Canada – (73%) who worked since their release also reported that their military experiences, education and training helped them in their civilian careers

Military experience, education and training help Veterans find civilian employment Many Veterans found themselves working in jobs that used the knowledge and skills they acquired from their military service. Just over half of the Veterans (51%) who worked at a civilian job or ran a business reported that the knowledge and skills they used on … Continue reading

Immigration in Canada – The first 15 Express Entry draws of 2017 (47,876) exceed by far those of 2016 (16,033)

The first 15 Express Entry draws of 2017 have seen 47,876 Invitation to Apply (ITAs) issued to candidates in the pool. This number far exceeds the 16,033 ITAs issued over the first fifteen draws of 2016, and also surpasses the total number of candidates invited in all of 2016. Seven of the 15 Express Entry … Continue reading

Soft Skills – Policies aimed at reducing so-called “negative” non-cognitive or behavioral traits, however, could harm children in the long run

There is growing interest in how schools can shape children’s non-cognitive skills (sometimes known as behavioral traits, soft skills, or personality). One reason for this interest is that non-cognitive skills predict a wide range of economic outcomes, such as employment and lifetime earnings, but are also relatively malleable—at least until adulthood. This opens up a … Continue reading

Graduate Outcomes in UK – For all subjects by university

Employment outcomes across HEIs and subjects Figure 5 shows the distribution of each institution’s proportion of graduates in sustained employment, further study or both five years after graduation. While median proportions lie consistently between 75% and 85% across subjects, there is significant variation within subjects. For Subjects Allied to Medicine (excluding Nursing), for example, the … Continue reading

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