Michel Cournoyer

Michel Cournoyer has written 8867 posts for Job Market Monitor

Gender Occupational Segregation in US – Continues to hover near 50 percent

A deeper examination of women and men’s labor market outcomes reveals another important way that gender disparities still manifest: the separation of men and women into different occupations. Women still tend to work in very different jobs than men, and occupational segregation has changed little over the last two decades, as shown in the figure … Continue reading

Digital Skills Gap in the EU – Two fifths of the EU workforce have little or no digital skills

Information and communications technologies (ICT) play an increasingly important role in our professional and private lives, and digital competence is of growing importance for every individual. In the future, nearly all jobs will require digital skills. However, European Commission figures show that two fifths of the EU workforce have little or no digital skills. In … Continue reading

AI impact on Jobs in US – Brookings survey finds worries

To examine attitudes towards AI, researchers at the Brookings Institution undertook an online national survey of 1,535 adult Internet users between May 9 and May 11, 2018. There has been considerable controversy over the workforce impact of AI and whether it will create new jobs or reduce the number of jobs. When asked about the … Continue reading

The Future of Work – We are moving away from traditional manufacturing, even away from traditional services

An interview with economist Christopher Pissarides What we are seeing now are probably some of the biggest changes in labor markets we have seen for a very long time. Of course, if you put it into historical perspective, they are not quite as big as 200 years ago, when the economy was urbanizing. Those were … Continue reading

Low Pay in Britain – Companies with 5,000 or more workers employ 28 per cent of all low-paid people

Since 2011, the Resolution Foundation has published an annual review. This year’s report – the eighth edition of Low Pay Britain, based on pay data from April 2017 – documents the headline trends shaping the low-paid end of the labour market today and highlights the new challenges policymakers should be addressing. The report identifies three … Continue reading

Gender Gap of Full-Time and Part-Time in UK – Working part-time after childbirth hold back women’s wages

Gender differences in rates of full-time and part-time paid work after childbirth are an important driver of differences in hourly wages between men and women. This is because they affect the amount and type of labour market experience that men and women build up, and this experience affects the hourly wage levels they can command. … Continue reading

Greening With Jobs – Action to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius will result in sufficient job creation to more than offset job losses of 6 million elsewhere

According to the ILO report “World Employment and Social Outlook 2018: Greening with Jobs”, action to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius will result in sufficient job creation to more than offset job losses of 6 million elsewhere. Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at World Employment and Social Outlook: Greening with … Continue reading

Disability in US – Nine percent of adults aged 25 to 54, or 11 million, reported at least one of six disabilities in 2016

A smaller share of people in their prime working years (25-54) are employed now than in decades past, and some have wondered whether disabilities and health problems have played a role in that decline. People with disabilities have much lower employment rates than people without disabilities, and disabilities are one of the most commonly cited … Continue reading

The Future of Work, Dystopia or Utopia – Brookings Vice President Darrell West on the issue (video)

Emerging technologies like artificial intelligence and robotics will have a dramatic impact on the future of work. Already, today’s most valuable technology companies employ about one-fifth as many workers as the most valuable companies in the 1960s. Estimates of workforce displacement due to automation range from the OECD’s 14 percent of current jobs to the … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in England, United Kingdom – There is still some way to go to establish an apprenticeship system to match those of the strongest countries OECD says

Across many countries, apprenticeship is now experiencing a revival, in the light of a wide range of evidence demonstrating its effectiveness as a means of transitioning young people into work, and serving the economy. But few countries can match the energy and range of reforms currently being pursued in England. Key findings England has launched … Continue reading

Early Childhood Education and Care – It increases women’s labour force participation, and has positive effects on children’s well-being, learning and development OECD says

While the benefits of early childhood education and care (ECEC) services to better learning are now widely acknowledged, a widespread and accessible provision for these services also helps support gender equality in the workforce. In particular, the availability, intensity, reliability and affordability of ECEC play an important role in engaging women full time in the … Continue reading

Occupational Code – Classifying according to skills

In this work we propose a methodology for developing an occupational classification by applying Natural Language Processing methods, such as document clustering and distributed word representations, to UK online job adverts. The new occupational classification will be directly aligned with employer needs and group jobs into occupations based on similar skill requirements. Unlike the existing … Continue reading

Unstable and On-Call Work Schedules in US and Canada – One out of six works a schedule that varies primarily according to employer needs

Unstable work schedules are schedules in which the times of work vary and workers have little or no control over that variability, either as individuals or through collective agreements. These schedules are also often called “just-in-time” schedules. Their main attraction for employers is flexibility: the ability to respond to changes in demand and other contingencies, … Continue reading

The Collision of Demographics, Automation and Inequality – The deceleration in labor force growth in OECD countries could result in a $5.4 trillion GDP shortfall by 2030

Demographics, automation and inequality have the potential to dramatically reshape our world in the 2020s and beyond. Our analysis shows that the collision of these forces could trigger economic disruption far greater than we have experienced over the past 60 years (see Figure 1). The aim of this report by Bain’s Macro Trends Group is … Continue reading

Immigrants in Sweden – Not substitutes for Swedish workers research finds

We evaluate the relationship between immigrant and native employment using the Swedish administrative employer-employee linked LOUISE database. We find that if firms increase employment of immigrant workers by 10 percent, they increase employment of Swedish workers within the same occupation of the immigrants by 1.2-2.8 percent, and they increase employment of Swedish workers within other … Continue reading

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