Michel Cournoyer

Michel Cournoyer has written 10122 posts for Job Market Monitor

Sleep – Losing your job makes you more likely to sleep too little or far too much

Losing your job makes you more likely to sleep too little or far too much. Either is bad for your health ONE OF THE unexpected benefits of lockdown has been some precious extra moments of shut-eye. According to Fitbit, a fitness-tracking firm, American users of its wearable devices got an additional 20 minutes of sleep … Continue reading

Online Learning in UK – Two thirds of the workforce use it to help with work

The Learning Curve, a new report by Demos, supported by Google, finds that 10% of the UK’s economy output can be linked to online learning. Demos polled 20,000 people in the biggest report of its kind looking at online learning habits and their impact on people’s lives in the UK. That research was paired with in … Continue reading

National Skills Strategy in Germany – Ten objectives

In view of the challenges posed by structural and sectoral change in technical and economic terms, the German Federal Government has worked together with the social and economic partners, the Lander and the Federal Employment Agency, in consultation with academics and practitioners, to develop a National Skills Strategy (the Strategy) focusing on continuing vocational education … Continue reading

COVID and Jobs at the Local Level – Community-driven, evidence-based approaches to better link and prepare workers for the good jobs that do and will exist

When a durable recovery strategy from the COVID-19 pandemic finally emerges, it will confront not just one badly damaged economy, but numerous fractured economies. The pandemic recession is hitting some sectors harder than others, with regions dependent on manufacturing and hospitality particularly devastated. Even state and local government jobs have taken a hit, which will … Continue reading

College-Educated Immigrants in US – Nearly 13 million accounting for 45 percent of software developers, 42 percent of physical scientists, and 29 percent of physicians

Nearly 13 million immigrants have a four-year college degree or better. But these highly educated immigrants are not spread evenly throughout the labor market. They make up disproportionate shares of certain jobs, especially in the science and technology fields, accounting for 45 percent of software developers, 42 percent of physical scientists, and 29 percent of … Continue reading

Carrer Choice of Middle School Students – A small percentage of the students correctly knew the educational requirements

Students in school face a wide range of education and career choices, and given the importance of education and career decisions for life success, it is important that they make informed choices. This study examined students’ knowledge and sources of information about careers. In addition, the authors explored how students make career choices and who … Continue reading

Earnings of Grads in UK – Overall estimates obscure important heterogeneity in returns across subjects

This report provides estimates of the earnings returns to completing postgraduate degrees, for British and Northern Irish students studying in Britain. We use the Longitudinal Education Out- comes (LEO) dataset to account for differences in individuals’ background and prior university attainment to estimate the impact of postgraduate qualifications on earnings at age 35, relative to … Continue reading

Covid, Government Financial Support and Output in US – Will boost GDP by 4.7 percent in 2020 and 3.1 percent in 2021, by about 59 cents for every dollar over 3 years

In March and April of 2020, four major federal laws were enacted in response to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic. Those laws, which contained a wide array of conventional and unconventional fiscal policies, will add $2.3 trillion to the deficit in fiscal year 2020 and $0.6 trillion in 2021, according to the Congressional Budget Office’s estimates. … Continue reading

Training and Subcontracting in Value Chains – The lower down, the more its position correlates with low levels of training

Subcontracting strategies in labour-intensive industries have escalated over the past forty years. They are reflected in the fragmentation and geographic dispersion of the activities that make up the so-called value chains. It is already known that these strategies tend to influence employees’ employment and working conditions. In addition, our results point to the existence of … Continue reading

Regions in Europe – The Eurostat regional yearbook 2020

What is the share of young and old people in the regions of the European Union (EU)? Is the risk of poverty in my region higher or lower than elsewhere in the EU? Which region has the largest economy? Which region invests most in research and innovation? How do people in my region use the … Continue reading

Covid and Self-employed in Canada – Those who also had T4 earnings before the pandemic are in a better position

A new study looks at the degree of reliance on self-employment income by self-employed individuals with and without additional T4 earnings (wages and salaries for which an individual receives a T4 slip) and how this may affect their ability to deal with the post-COVID-19 financial strain. The presence of T4 earnings in the total income … Continue reading

Future of Work in Canada – Enhance the adaptation of the labour force

Achievement of a decent level of growth in Canadian per-capita incomes in the years ahead depends crucially on an increase in the number of hours worked relative to the size of our population—and even more importantly on the quality of output from each of those hours. Like a steady drip, Canada’s labour force participation rate … Continue reading

UI during COVID in US – How to improve it

This panel will focus on changes in unemployment insurance (UI) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act and how lessons from these changes can guide reform of the federal-state UI system. For example, what lessons does the CARES Act UI payments experience offer on how we can better promote an equitable recovery? … Continue reading

Finland’s Universal Basic Income Experiment – A small increase in employment, a huge boost to well-being

As income inequality and economic upheaval take center stage, is a guaranteed minimum income worth considering? Results from a two-year experiment in Finland offer clues. A small increase in employment In the design of the Finnish experiment, the main research question, agreed to by parliament in the enabling legislation, was the impact of a basic … Continue reading

Future of Work in BC – Options for building a resilient labour force

With the rapid growth of automation and technological advancement, the skills and competencies required across British Columbia’s economic development regions are evolving. As the province shifts towards a more digital, knowledge-based economy, it is important to consider the development of BC’s labour force. While there are a number of initiatives targeting the next generation of … Continue reading

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