Michel Cournoyer

Michel Cournoyer has written 9133 posts for Job Market Monitor

The Future of Work – Five policies to help the middle class from displacement

A range of sensible policies at the federal and state levels can help limit worker risks of displacement and support adjustments when such displacements occur. Education for 21st century skills For instance, students at all levels of education will need better preparation in what are often called “21st century skills.” These include communication and a … Continue reading

Refugees in US in 2017 – The first time since 1980 that America’s total fell below the combined total from the rest of the world

The number of refugees resettled in the U.S. decreased more than in any other country in 2017. That year the U.S. resettled 33,000 refugees, the lowest total since the two years after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, and a steep drop from 2016. Non-U.S. countries resettled more than twice as many refugees as the … Continue reading

Skills Assessment – Developing learning progressions

Developing learning progressions involves defining and conceptualizing the skills from a monitoring growth perspective, based in both theoretical and empirical work. The demand for understanding the growth of skills presents a perfect example where a general approach to monitoring growth, rather than the acquisition of skill, can be applied. It is not enough to understand … Continue reading

GM’s Layoffs – Technology-driven changes in the nature of work

News that General Motors plans to cut up to 14,800 jobs in the U.S. and Canada was initially reported as a conventional business-cycle adjustment — a “trimming of the sails.” The main causes of the cuts were understood to be slowing demand in the U.S. and China, slumping demand for sedans, and the need to … Continue reading

Job Vacancies in Europe, QIII 2018 – EU28 rate at 2.2%

 The job vacancy rate in the euro area (EA19) was 2.1% in the third quarter of 2018, stable compared with the previous quarter and up from 1.9% in the third quarter of 2017, according to figures published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In the EU28, the job vacancy rate was 2.2% … Continue reading

La Formation dans les Petites Entreprises en France – Trois types d’entreprises

Le constat est connu : les petites entreprises forment moins leurs salariés que les plus grandes. Mais dans le détail, leurs pratiques de formation se révèlent très hétérogènes. De nouvelles données, fournies par l’enquête Defis, permettent aujourd’hui de montrer que cette diversité est principalement liée à celle des stratégies de développement. Extraits choisis par le Moniteur … Continue reading

Les 60 ans et plus au Canada – La moitié qui ont travaillé ou souhaitaient travaillé l’a fait par nécessité

L’article intitulé « Raisons de travailler chez les 60 ans et plus » publié aujourd’hui dans Regard sur les statistiques du travail examine les raisons pour lesquelles les personnes de 60 ans et plus continuent de travailler. L’analyse se fonde sur l’ajout ponctuel de questions portant sur ce sujet dans le cadre de l’Enquête sur la population active menée en septembre 2018. … Continue reading

Job Training in US – State funding for job training in Massachusetts, Texas, and Washington

To remain competitive in an increasingly global economy, we must invest in our workers and give them the training and skills to succeed. Federal, state, and local job training programs are a crucial part of that investment. But the landscape of public funding for job training is complex with multiple funding sources and streams, controlled … Continue reading

Federal Funding in US – For higher education, annual total exceeds $150 billion vs $1 billion for a non-college, vocational pathway

Consider two high school seniors — one who exhibits strong academic talent and one who does not… To whom does our education system owe what? After high school graduation, the first student can access more than $10,000 annually in public funds to support his college experience. Federal funding for higher education has grown by 133 … Continue reading

La Scolarité au Canada – Plus élevée que la moyenne de l’OCDE et le Québec en tête avec 71 % pour les 25 à 64 ans avec un diplôme d’études postsecondaires

En 2017, un peu plus des deux tiers (68 %) des Canadiens âgés de 25 à 64 ans avaient terminé des études postsecondaires, une proportion qui était 24 points de pourcentage plus élevée que la moyenne des 36 pays membres de l’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE). Le pourcentage de Canadiens titulaires d’un baccalauréat ou d’un diplôme supérieur au baccalauréat était de 31 %, ce … Continue reading

OECD – The new Jobs Strategy

The labour markets of OECD and emerging economies are undergoing major transformations. The widespread slow-down in productivity and wage growth and high levels of income inequality in many countries are coupled with structural changes linked to the digital revolution, globalisation and demographic changes. These deep and rapid transformations raise new challenges for policy makers. In … Continue reading

Europe – 33 million were self-employed in 2017, 23% because of suitable opportunity

In 2017, in the European Union (EU), there were more than 228 million employed people, and about 33 million of them were self-employed. Self-employed people in the EU reported several reasons for becoming self- employed in the current job: suitable opportunity (23%), continuation of the family business (16%), usual practice in the field (15%), flexible … Continue reading

Hiring Discrimination – Callback rates nearly 50% higher for applicants with “white” names

A different name alone can dramatically decrease the chances of being invited to a job interview. In the United States, a pioneering study found that the callback rate for a job interview was nearly 50% higher for applicants with “white” names (Emily Walsh and Greg Baker) than for otherwise similar persons with African-American names (Lakisha … Continue reading

Immigration around the World – Just 14% say their countries should allow more immigrants

As the number of international migrants reaches new highs, people around the world show little appetite for more migration – both into and out of their countries, according to a Pew Research Center survey of 27 nations conducted in the spring of 2018. Across the countries surveyed, a median of 45% say fewer or no … Continue reading

Higher Education and Women in US – More likely than men to have earned a bachelor’s degree by age 31

Nearly 36 percent of women born in the years 1980–84 had earned a bachelor’s degree by age 31, compared with 28 percent of men. Among both women and men, 38 percent had attended some college or earned an associate degree by age 31. Twenty-four percent had earned a high school diploma or General Educational Development … Continue reading

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