Michel Cournoyer

Michel Cournoyer has written 9121 posts for Job Market Monitor

Hiring Discrimination – Callback rates nearly 50% higher for applicants with “white” names

A different name alone can dramatically decrease the chances of being invited to a job interview. In the United States, a pioneering study found that the callback rate for a job interview was nearly 50% higher for applicants with “white” names (Emily Walsh and Greg Baker) than for otherwise similar persons with African-American names (Lakisha … Continue reading

Immigration around the World – Just 14% say their countries should allow more immigrants

As the number of international migrants reaches new highs, people around the world show little appetite for more migration – both into and out of their countries, according to a Pew Research Center survey of 27 nations conducted in the spring of 2018. Across the countries surveyed, a median of 45% say fewer or no … Continue reading

Higher Education and Women in US – More likely than men to have earned a bachelor’s degree by age 31

Nearly 36 percent of women born in the years 1980–84 had earned a bachelor’s degree by age 31, compared with 28 percent of men. Among both women and men, 38 percent had attended some college or earned an associate degree by age 31. Twenty-four percent had earned a high school diploma or General Educational Development … Continue reading

Immigration in Sweden – An overview of historical and contemporary migration trends and debates

In 2015 a record-breaking 162,877 asylum seekers entered Sweden, which along with Germany was the preferred destination for a wave of Syrians, Afghans, and others who reached European soil in search of protection and better lives. In response, the Swedish government introduced border controls, followed in mid-2016 by a highly restrictive asylum and reunification law—a … Continue reading

Higher Education – The cost of a unit of instruction differs markedly by discipline

A new IZA discussion paper by Steven Hemelt, Kevin Stange, Fernando Furquim, Andew Simon, and John Sawyer provides the most comprehensive overview of the costs associated with teaching across 20 fields based on a large and diverse sample of four-year colleges and universities from the Delaware Cost Study. The results show that the cost of a … Continue reading

Job Quality in Canada – About 30% of all workers were predicted to hold a high-quality job

This study assesses job quality in Canada using an internationally inspired multidimensional framework that covers six broad aspects: income and benefits, career prospects, work intensity, working-time quality, skills and discretion, and social environment. The analysis uses the 2016 General Social Survey, which collected a rich set of information on working conditions in Canada. A total … Continue reading

Immigrants au Canada 2016 — L’Ontario affiche le taux de rétention le plus élevé chez les immigrants admis en 2011

Dans l’ensemble, en 2016, 86 % des immigrants déclarants admis en 2011 ont produit une déclaration de revenus dans leur province d’admission. Les taux de rétention sont les plus élevées en Ontario (91 %), en Alberta (90 %) et en Colombie-Britannique (87 %); les autres provinces ont affiché des taux de rétention plus faibles que le taux inscrit à l’échelle nationale.(Québec : 81 … Continue reading

Wages of Immigrants in Canada, 2016 – Median entry wages of tax filers admitted in 2015 was $25,400

The profile of immigrants to Canada can vary between admission years. Immigrants can face challenges when they arrive in Canada, such as acquiring the ability to speak at least one of the official languages or getting their foreign credentials recognized. The immigrants admitted to Canada in 2015 earned the highest entry wages of any cohort admitted since 1981. … Continue reading

L’Emploi au Québec, Novembre 2018 – L’emploi a augmenté de 26 000

Au Québec, l’emploi a augmenté de 26 000 en novembre, en raison d’une hausse du travail à temps plein. Le taux de chômage a peu varié pour s’établir à 5,4 %. L’emploi a connu une hausse notable dans les services professionnels, scientifiques et techniques ainsi que dans les services d’enseignement. Au cours de la période de 12 mois ayant pris fin en … Continue reading

Job Report in Canada, November 2018 – Unemployment at 5.6%, the lowest since comparable data became available in 1976

Employment rose by 94,000 in November, driven by gains in full-time work. The unemployment rate decreased 0.2 percentage points to 5.6%, the lowest since comparable data became available in 1976. In the 12 months to November, employment grew by 219,000 or 1.2%, reflecting gains in full-time work (+227,000 or +1.5%). Over the same period, total hours worked were up 2.1%. Chart : Unemployment rate Chosen excerpts by Job … Continue reading

Job Report in US, November 2018 – Employment increased by 155,000

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 155,000 in November, and the unemployment rate remained unchanged at 3.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in health care, in manufacturing, and in transportation and warehousing. Household Survey Data In November, the unemployment rate was 3.7 percent for the third month in … Continue reading

Digital Skills – A toolkit for developing a digital skills strategy

This toolkit provides stakeholders with guidance on developing a digital skills strategy. It is intended for policymakers, along with partners in the private sector, non-governmental organizations, and academia. Its overarching aim is to facilitate the development of a comprehensive digital skills strategy at country level. It is also possible to use this guide to focus … Continue reading

Implementing Technology-Focused Apprenticeship – Nine common issues and strategies

The goal of this report is to highlight effective employer engagement practices and identify key lessons learned from implementing technology-focused apprenticeship programs. To identify effective practices, JFF interviewed eight individuals who are implementing these types of programs through the American Apprenticeship Initiative (AAI) to answer four questions: 1. How are tech apprenticeship programs engaging employers? … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in US – A key component to the solution to the skills gap

Apprenticeship programs, when implemented effectively, provide workers with a career path featuring paid on-the-job training, skills development, and mentorship, while at the same time providing employers with a steady source of highly trained and productive workers. These programs have the potential to grow into a critical and successful component of America’s workforce strategy, but are … Continue reading

Statutory minimum wages in Europe, 2018 – 22 countries out of 28 had a statutory minimum wage

The term ‘minimum wage’ refers to the various legal restrictions governing the lowest rate payable by employers to workers, regulated by formal laws or statutes. This report provides information on statutory minimum wages that are generally applicable in a country and not limited to specific sectors, occupations or groups of employees. While the scope of … Continue reading

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