This tag is associated with 296 posts

Skills Gap in Europe – Skill shortages and skill mismatch

Labour markets are currently in a phase of cyclical recovery and undergoing structural transformation due to globalisation, demographic trends, advancing digital technologies and automation and changes in labour market institutions. Against this background, businesses increasingly report that the limited availability of skills poses an impediment to corporate investment. Genuine skill constraints can negatively affect labour … Continue reading

Overeducated Young Workers in Europe – The role of fields of study for vertical educational mismatch

In general, the term overeducation refers to a job match in which the educational level of the worker clearly exceeds the educational requirements of the job. In the terminology of labour economics, this is often considered a vertical skill mismatch, as opposed to horizontal mismatches (workers choosing jobs with requirements outside the scope of their … Continue reading

Job Vacancy Rate in Europe, Q1-2019 : At 2.3% (EA19)

The job vacancy rate in the euro area (EA19) was 2.3% in the first quarter of 2019, stable compared with the previous quarter and up from 2.1% in the first quarter of 2018, according to figures published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In the EU28, the job vacancy rate was 2.4% … Continue reading

Employment in EU – Rate of people aged 20 to 64 reached a new peak at 73.2% in 2018

In 2018, the employment rate of people aged 20 to 64 in the European Union (EU) stood at 73.2%, up compared with 2017 (72.2%). The Europe 2020 strategy target is to reach a total employment rate for people aged 20 to 64 of at least 75% in the EU by 2020. This objective has been … Continue reading

Skills for Green Jobs in Europe – No common approach to and no definition of it

Preparing for sustainable growth within the context of a circular economy is an accepted policy aim across the globe. The implications for economic sectors, and consequently for occupations, skills and relevant policies, are undeniable. In 2010 Cedefop collaborated with the International Labour Organization and reviewed the state of play regarding ‘green skills’ and ‘green jobs’ … Continue reading

Hourly Labour Costs in Europe (2018) – Rose by 2.7% in the EU and by 2.2% in the euro area

In 2018, average hourly labour costs in the whole economy (excluding agriculture and public administration) were estimated to be €27.4 in the European Union (EU) and €30.6 in the euro area. However, the average masks significant gaps between EU Member States, with the lowest hourly labour costs recorded in Bulgaria (€5.4), Romania (€6.9), Lithuania (€9.0), … Continue reading

Skills in Postings in Europe – Cedefop’s findings

Since mid-2018, Cedefop’s online job vacancies data retrieval system has collected around 32 million unique vacancy postings in Czechia, Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy and UK. Their labour markets equal around two-thirds of employment in the EU. 79% of the online job vacancies has been collected from private online job portals, 15% from public portals … Continue reading

Online Job Vacancies and Skills in Europe – The Cedefop’s new system

Over recent decades, online job portals have become important recruitment and job search tools. Beyond assisting skills matching, the job vacancies these portals gather can also be used to analyse labour market trends in real time, generating evidence that can inform education and training policies and help ensure that people’s skills meet the needs of … Continue reading

Summary 2030 Skills Outlook for Europe

Cedefop’s 2030 skills outlook Entrusted with regular EU-wide skill supply and demand projections by the Council, Cedefop presented its most recent outlook up to 2030 in 2018 – 10 years after it had pioneered its first complement these projections with information on how wage structure and job tasks are likely to change. Although some may … Continue reading

Unemployment in Europe, February – 6.5%, lowest rate since 2000, with 3.309 million young persons (7.8% in Euro area)

The euro area (EA19) seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate was 7.8% in February 2019, stable compared with January 2019 and down from 8.5% in February 2018. This remains the lowest rate recorded in the euro area since October 2008. The EU28 unemployment rate was 6.5% in February 2019, stable compared with January 2019 and down from 7.1% … Continue reading

Employment Report in Europe, 2019 – Strong job creation continues, with employment reaching a record level

Strong job creation continues, with employment reaching a record level in the EU. In the third quarter of 2018, 239.3 million persons were in employment in the EU, around 15 million more than the lowest level reached in mid-2013, at the peak of the crisis. The employment rate of people aged 20-64 rose to 73.2% … Continue reading

VET in Europe, 2018 – A compilation by country with concise, clear and concrete pictures

Concise, clear and concrete pictures of countries’ vocational education and training systems: this is what the Cedefop Spotlight on VET series offers. Building on individual country Spotlights, this publication brings together the main features and data of VET in the EU, Iceland and Norway. While countries share goals and challenges, their VET systems are diverse, … Continue reading

Labour Costs in Europe, QIV2018 – Rose by 2.3% in EA19, 2.8% in EU28

Hourly labour costs rose by 2.3% in the euro area (EA19) and by 2.8% in the EU28 in the fourth quarter of 2018, compared with the same quarter of the previous year. In the third quarter of 2018, hourly labour costs increased by 2.5% and 2.6% respectively. These figures are published by Eurostat, the statistical … Continue reading

Low Skills in Europe – The Upskilling pathways

In 2017, 15.7% of low-qualified young Europeans aged 15 to 29 were not in education, employment or training (NEET), compared to 9.6% of their better educated peers. In the same year, the unemployment rate of low-qualified adults of working age (25 to 64) stood at 13.9% in the EU-28 while that of their highly qualified … Continue reading

Job Vacancies in Europe, QIV2018 – At 2.3%, up from 2.0% YTY

The job vacancy rate in the euro area (EA19) was 2.3% in the fourth quarter of 2018, up from 2.1% in the third quarter of 2018 and from 2.0% in the fourth quarter of 2017, according to figures published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In the EU28, the job vacancy rate … Continue reading

Jobs – Offres d’emploi – US & Canada (Eng. & Fr.)

The Most Popular Job Search Tools

Even More Objectives Statements to customize

Cover Letters – Tools, Tips and Free Cover Letter Templates for Microsoft Office

Follow Job Market Monitor on

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Follow Job Market Monitor via Twitter