Europe

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Upskilling and Reskilling Pathways In Europe – Empowering adults in three steps

This report is the second volume of Cedefop research on empowering adults through upskilling and reskilling pathways. It presents the Cedefop analytical framework for developing upskilling pathways for low-skilled adults and illustrates its conceptual development. The analytical framework is aimed at supporting policy-makers and stakeholders in designing and implementing sustainable, coordinated and coherent approaches to … Continue reading

Covid, Immigration and Labour Markets in Europe – Policymakers should take steps to clearly communicate the rationale behind labour migration policies

The response to the COVID-19 pandemic has brought about a historic economic recession with significant consequences for employment and, in turn, immigration and skills policy. While it remains to be seen how lasting the pandemic’s effects will be on the worst-hit sectors, such as hospitality, leisure, and tourism, the crisis appears to be entrenching existing … Continue reading

Platform Work in Europe – 6 recommandations for future policy development

Policy Brief #3 focuses on the impacts of the digitalisation of work via platforms, sometimes called ‘platform work’ and delivered through a business model often referred to as ‘Uberisation’. Drawing on the existing evidence base, it outlines the opportunities and challenges of this work. It then summarises current policy thinking before recommending that future policy … Continue reading

Upskilling and Reskilling in Europe – A potential of 128 million adults (46.1% of the adult population)

As 2020 approaches, and the EU is still far from attaining its benchmark of 15% adult participation in learning, our societies face multiple challenges: technological changes, including digitalisation and its consequences for the future of work; ageing societies; the need for the greening of the economy; and social inclusion. Europe must improve and maintain high-level … Continue reading

Lifelong Learning in Europe – An inventory of guidance systems and practices

The national lifelong guidance systems records provide information about current policy developments and structures pertaining to career guidance, career education and career development in countries of the EU, EEA, EFTA and EU enlargement/accession countries. The country records are based on information gathered and analysed by CareersNet experts during their respective mandate period. CareersNet is Cedefop’s … Continue reading

200 Years of Human Capital in Europe – Core-periphery structure was relatively time persistent for longer time periods

Human capital is today an important determinant of economic growth. However, evidence on its long-run regional development in Europe is still relatively limited. For this reason, this paper investigates the development of human capital in the European regions over the last 200 years. It indicates that “the long shadow of history” plays an important role … Continue reading

Job Report in Europe (Q3,2020) – Increased by 0.9% in both the euro area and in the EU

Employment growth in the euro area and EU The number of employed persons increased by 0.9% in both the euro area and in the EU in the third quarter of 2020, compared with the previous quarter. These were the strongest increases observed since time series started in 1995. In the second quarter of 2020, employment … Continue reading

Unlocking Employee Potential – Workplace practices in Europe

This report is based on the fourth edition of the European Company Survey (ECS), which was carried out jointly by Eurofound and Cedefop in 2019. It describes a wide range of practices and strategies implemented by European companies in terms of work organisation, human resource management, skills use and skills development, and employee voice. Key findings The ECS 2019 demonstrates that … Continue reading

Perceptions of Lifelong Learning in Europe – Results of more than 40 000 interviews

Impressions are influential. Through more than 40 000 interviews of people aged 25 and over in the European Union, Norway and Iceland, this survey explores people’s impressions about adult learning and continuing vocational education and training (CVET), which are central to enabling adults acquire the knowledge, skills and competences they need to manage changing jobs … Continue reading

Skills Transferability Across Borders in Europe – The instruments

To allow easier recognition and evaluation of foreign qualifications across Member States, the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) for lifelong learning was adopted in 2008.It enhances the transparency, comparability and portability of qualifications within the EU. As such, it fosters trust in foreign qualifications during cross-border hiring processes. The EQF serves as a ‘translation grid’ between national … Continue reading

Job Report in Europe (September 2020) – Unemployment at 8.3% with 15.990 million and 2.995 million young persons (under 25), stable compared with August 2020

In September 2020, the euro area seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate was 8.3%, stable compared with August 2020 and up from 7.5% in September 2019. The EU unemployment rate was 7.5% in September 2020, stable compared with August 2020 and up from 6.6% in September 2019. These figures are published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the … Continue reading

Regions in Europe – The Eurostat regional yearbook 2020

What is the share of young and old people in the regions of the European Union (EU)? Is the risk of poverty in my region higher or lower than elsewhere in the EU? Which region has the largest economy? Which region invests most in research and innovation? How do people in my region use the … Continue reading

Inflation in Europe (August 2020) – Annual inflation down to -0.2% in the euro area

In August 2020, a month in which COVID-19 containment measures continued to be lifted, the euro area annual inflation rate was -0.2%, down from 0.4% in July. A year earlier, the rate was 1.0%. European Union annual inflation was 0.4% in August 2020, down from 0.9% in July. A year earlier, the rate was 1.4%. … Continue reading

Covid and Job Vacancy in Europe – 1.6%, down from 1.9% in the previous quarter

In the second quarter of 2020, the quarter when COVID-19 containment measures have been widely implemented by Member States, the job vacancy rate in the euro area and in the European Union (EU) was 1.6%, down from 1.9% in the previous quarter and from 2.3% in the second quarter of 2019, according to figures published … Continue reading

Hourly Labour Costs in Europe – Rose by 4.2% when the COVID-19 containment measures were widely in force

In the second quarter of 2020, the quarter when the COVID-19 containment measures were widely in force in the European Union, the hourly labour costs rose by 4.2% in the euro area and by 4.1% in the European Union (EU), compared with the same quarter of the previous year. In the first quarter of 2020, … Continue reading

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