This category contains 955 posts

Apprenticeship and VET in Sweden – The overall level of company participation in apprenticeships is low

The Swedish VET system offers 12 national vocational programmes that aim at preparing students for the labour market and can be pursued through two different modes of delivery: the school-based scheme (skolförlagd utbildning) that includes compulsory in-company training, or apprenticeship education (lärlingsutbildning). The school-based and the apprenticeship schemes lead to the same vocational diploma (yrkesexamen) … Continue reading

The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) – The 2017-2018 ranking

The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) tracks the performance of close to 140 countries on 12 pillars of competitiveness. It assesses the factors and institutions identified by empirical and theoretical research as determining improvements in productivity, which in turn is the main determinant of long-term growth and an essential factor in economic growth and prosperity. The … Continue reading

Refugees – The economic and fiscal effects of granting formal labor market access

Refugees can be immense economic contributors to the host communities where they settle. However, to maximize their contributions and achieve improved well-being and self-reliance, refugees need formal labor market access. But this access is often limited, especially in developing countries. Even where the law allows refugees to access formal employment, administrative and practical barriers often limit … Continue reading

Immigrant Integration and Social Cohesion – Applying Behavioral Insights

Policymakers are looking for ways to help newcomers settle in quickly and bridge social divides by fostering connections among diverse groups, both because immigration is increasing and because of concerns over anti- immigrant sentiment. Among the most promising new tools to reinvigorate integration policy is behavioural insights, an interdisciplinary, evidence-based approach that draws on ndings … Continue reading

Social Inclusion, Poverty Prevention, Education, Labour-Market Access, Social Cohesion and Non-Discrimination In Europe – A survey of 1,058 experts

For most people, obtaining economic and social opportunities depends on access to labour-markets. Effective and flexible labour-markets allow economies to cope more easily with ageing and the disruptions of innovation and globalisation. Positive outcomes include the ability for women and men to reconcile work and family life adequately; young people’s ability to make a smooth … Continue reading

Europe – Youth employment is still not back to its pre-crisis level

Ten years after the economic crisis, youth employment in Europe is still not back to its pre-crisis level. This is especially true for countries in southern and eastern Europe. The report looks at the development of youth labour markets in the EU countries. It identifies groups of young people disproportionately affected by the crisis and … Continue reading

Income and Poverty in US, 2017 – The official poverty rate decreased by 0.4 percentage points

The U.S. Census Bureau collects data and publishes estimates on income and poverty in order to evaluate national economic trends as well as to understand their impact on the well-being of households, families, and individu-als. This report presents data on income and poverty in the United States based on information collected in the 2018 and earlier Current … Continue reading

Basic Skills in Australia – 99 per cent of employers are affected in some way by low levels of literacy and numeracy in their workforce

A new report released today by the Australian Industry Group has identified critical skill issues facing Australian businesses with 75 per cent of employers reporting skill shortages and 99 per cent are impacted by low levels of literacy and numeracy. These significant findings from the Australian Industry Group’s 2018 Workforce Development Needs Survey Report come … Continue reading

Future of Work in Europe – Innovation will create jobs in the future, but they will be in occupations other than those destroyed by technology

This STOA study investigates the potential employment effects of new information and communication technologies, by examining the relationship between innovation, new technologies, employment and inequality. It reviews the existing literature and experiences of previous technological revolutions, and argues that the race between job creation through new products, and job destruction from process innovation, has been … Continue reading

The Future of Work – Very challenging potential shifts in occupations

Building on our January 2017 report on automation, McKinsey Global Institute’s latest report, Jobs lost, jobs gained: Workforce transitions in a time of automation (PDF–5MB), assesses the number and types of jobs that might be created under different scenarios through 2030 and compares that to the jobs that could be lost to automation. The results … Continue reading

Manufacturing in Europe – Old jobs with new tasks increasingly driven by automation

The importance of physical tasks in manufacturing is generally declining due to automation; with more intensive use of digitally controlled equipment, and the increasing importance of quality standards, resulting in a growing amount of intellectual tasks for manual industrial workers. The New tasks in old jobs: Driver of change and implications for job quality publication from the Future … Continue reading

Skills – Obtaining better and timelier insights into the changing demand for skills and occupations with information available from LinkedIn profiles

What if you had the information to identify the fastest growing jobs in your country, or even in your hometown, and the skills you need to learn to get hired in them? And what if this data could also help you decide which jobs you could most easily transfer to with just the skills you … Continue reading

Future Skills Challenges for Universities in UK – Nearly 50% of the subject knowledge acquired during the first year of a four-year technical degree is outdated by the time students graduate

Educating more people at university could bring significant benefits to the UK economy as the Fourth Industrial Revolution increases future demand for higher level skills. The onset of the Fourth Industrial Revolution – automation, robotics, artificial intelligence and digital technology – and challenges of Brexit and an ageing population are creating rising demand for those with qualifications above … Continue reading

Students’ Numeracy Skills – Where they are most likely to be intensively engaged in numeracy practices

The results of the Survey of Adult Skills confirm that there is a strong link between the level of numeracy performance and the use of these skills in practice. In view of these findings, countries could further encourage the teaching of numeracy-related disciplines in a wider variety of higher education pathways. Such a measure is … Continue reading

Careers Strategy in UK – A third of the time, the minimum experiences of seven encounters with employers are not taking place

The government’s Careers Strategy tasked schools and colleges with providing each young person a minimum of seven encounters with employers (at least one encounter per year) and at least two opportunities for workplace experiences. 90% of 15,025 surveyed teenagers agreed that work experience had helped them better understand why it is important to do well … Continue reading

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