This category contains 635 posts

Income Inequality in the US in 2013 – The top 1 percent of families nationally made 25.3 times as much as the bottom 99 percent

While economic inequality has been one of the hottest topics this presidential campaign season, much of the focus has been on the fortunes of the top 1 percent at the national level. This report, our third annual such analysis, uses the latest available data to examine how the top 1 percent in each state have … Continue reading

Canada – Layoff rates vary across economic regions to a greater extent than hiring rates

Regardless of general economic conditions, a large volume of worker reallocation across employers takes place each year. For instance, even though the number of employees aged 18 to 64 remained virtually unchanged at 13.2 million from January 2009 to January 2010, 2.4 million individuals were hired in 2009 (Table 1).  During that year, 0.9 million … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in UK – Only 7% of 13-18 year olds said they plan to do it

With university tuition fees and maintenance fees averaging £40,000 for a three year course in England according to UK government statistics, there has been a great deal of debate over the value of university degrees, and the merits of other alternatives open to young people making their decision on what to do after leaving formal … Continue reading

The decline in prime-age male labor force participation in US – A White House report

For more than sixty years, the share of American men between the ages of 25 and 54, or “prime- age men,” in the labor force has been declining. This fall in the prime-age male labor force participation rate, from a peak of 98 percent in 1954 to 88 percent today, is particularly troubling since workers … Continue reading

Gender Gap in Scientific Occupations in Canada – From 1991 to 2011, the proportion of women in scientific occupations requiring a university education rose from 18% to 23%

This article provides information on women aged 25 to 64 in natural and applied sciences occupations in Canada (i.e. scientific occupations), using data from the 1991 and 2001 censuses and the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS). The employment conditions of men and women in these occupations are also examined, based on data from the Labour … Continue reading

Millennials have one foot out the door Deloitte’s survey finds

Millennials, in general, express little loyalty to their current employers and many are planning near-term exits, according to Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited’s fifth annual Millennial Survey. This remarkable absence of allegiance represents a serious challenge to any business employing a large number of Millennials, especially those in markets—like the United States—where Millennials now represent the … Continue reading

The Class of 2016 in US – High school graduates unemployment at 17.9 percent

This paper focuses on recent high school (age 17–20) and college graduates (age 21–24) who are not enrolled in further schooling. We analyze their employment, enrollment, and wage trends in order to glean the Class of 2016’s economic prospects as they start their careers. Due to the progression of the economic recovery and a substantial … Continue reading

Apprentice Profile in Canada – Most do not enter directly from high school

Apprentices tend to be over 20 years old, indicating most do not enter directly from high school. In 2006 and 2011, 29 per cent of new and returning apprentices were 20 to 24. From 2002 to 2011, the share of female registrants increased only marginally from 8.5 per cent to 9.4 per cent. Trades such … Continue reading

Research and Apprenticeship – The case of Australia’s NCVER

This study has assessed the impact of NCVER’s research against two themes: the role of apprenticeships in a modern economy; and the nature of vocations and the competencies required by industry. The evaluation spans 32 publications from 2005 to 2015. This is the third instance in which NCVER has undertaken an impact evaluation, on each … Continue reading

Income and Generational in Canada – 32% of the earnings differences among fathers’ generations is passed on to sons

A child’s future income level in Canada is more strongly determined by his or her father’s income than previously thought, according to a new study. Intergenerational income mobility is measured by comparing the income of parents with the income of their children when the latter become adults. If parents and their adult children were all … Continue reading

The European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) – The current state

The ECVET is one of the common EU tools, aiming to support the transfer, recognition and accumulation of assessed learning outcomes of individuals working to achieve a qualification and to promote lifelong learning through flexible and individualised learning pathways (European Parliament and Council of the EU, 2009). The creation and implementation of main ECVET principles … Continue reading

Training in 2016 – How the workforce really learns

Only 38% of learning and development (L&D) professionals think they’re ready to meet the needs of tomorrow’s learners. This doesn’t mean traditional approaches to L&D are obsolete. They just aren’t enough anymore. At least not for today’s workers. Nearly two-thirds of L&D leaders think workers should connect with learning resources at least once-a-week in order … Continue reading

US – Traditional Remedial Education Is Not Working the Century Foundation finds

Almost two-thirds of students who enter community colleges every year are judged to be academically not ready to engage in college-level coursework. In order to enroll, these students typically must take one or more “remedial” or “developmental” math or English courses that will not count toward their college degree. The students most likely to be … Continue reading

Low-Paid Jobs in UK – Initiatives for improving progression helping employers and workers through the same programme

Existing skills and employment support systems concentrate on work entry but policy-makers concerned with addressing poverty also need to focus on individuals in employment and find ways of improving progression from low-paid jobs. This research developed proposals for a package of progression-focused employment and skills initiatives relevant to the needs of Leeds City Region residents … Continue reading

Apprenticeships and UK’s Businesses – £1.8 billion of net economic benefits, around £2,000 per apprentice but many organisations appear unaware of the full apprenticeship offer

Apprentices delivered around £1.8 billion of net economic benefits to UK organisations last year according to the latest research from the Association of Accounting Technicians (AAT), the UK’s leading qualification and membership body for accounting staff. The report, compiled by the Centre for Economics and Business Research (Cebr), found that apprentices offer UK businesses a … Continue reading

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