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Universal Basic Income in Canada – Benefits to families receiving payments under two potential programs

Interest in basic income has increased in recent years and the COVID-19 pandemic has pushed the idea of a guaranteed minimum income for Canadians into the national spotlight. Canada already has a modest basic income program in place for people with children—the Canada Child Benefit—whose economic contributions CANCEA has previously examined. This report examines the … Continue reading

Career Guidance – International trends and innovation

In our fast-evolving world and labour markets, career guidance is needed more than ever to help people manage their own career paths and transitions. This report explores career guidance policies and practices in the light of global challenges. It examines the mega-trends in career guidance – use of information and communication technologies, career-management skills, cooperation … Continue reading

Career Pathways – How-to guide at the regional level

A Way to Make the Pieces Fit In a growing number of regions around the country, local leaders are working to more closely coordinate publicly funded education, from primary through post-secondary levels, with social services and workforce and economic development programs to produce a better-trained workforce and promote economic growth. Several states are actively supporting … Continue reading

Race Inequality in the Workforce in UK – 11 recommendations for government and employers

The effect of Covid-19 on the labour market has impacted specific groups of workers more than others, including those with an ethnic minority background. The report makes 11 recommendations for government and employers to ensure both that job quality is protected for all and that groups at particular risk are safeguarded. 1 A multi-year jobs … Continue reading

Covid and Higher Education Students in US – 51% of currently enrolled students report that COVID-19 is “very likely” or “likely” to impact their ability to complete their degree

Higher education has faced unprecedented challenges amidst COVID-19. Throughout 2020, many students have transitioned between in-person and remote learning as schools continue to navigate the pandemic. In the fall of 2020, Lumina Foundation and Gallup partnered to survey 2,064 students currently pursuing their associate degree and 3,941 pursuing their bachelor’s degree and assessed: How has … Continue reading

Big Cities in Canada – Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver continued to see more people moving out

Population growth in Canada’s large urban regions slowed compared with the same period a year earlier (+1.3% compared with +1.7%). However, Canada continues to be more urbanized as the population of census metropolitan areas rose to 27.3 million (accounting for 71.8% of the total population). Urban sprawl continues, with Toronto and Montréal both experiencing record-high … Continue reading

Immigration in Canada – The two-step selection

In a two-step immigration selection process, temporary foreign workers are first selected by employers for a temporary job, and some qualified temporary foreign workers then become economic immigrants. The details of this selection process vary among countries. For example, in the US, the temporary workers are typically sponsored by the employers in their bid to … Continue reading

Upskilling in US – Policies that combine investments in English language and digital literacy are vital

English is essential – especially for essential workers The Covid-19 pandemic has vividly illustrated the centrality of frontline workers to the everyday functioning of American life. Many frontline workers are immigrants and/or English language learners – not unlike the US workforce overall, in which more than one in 10 workers has limited English skills. The … Continue reading

Skills for a Greener Future – Ambitious national commitments to implement the Paris Agreement underestimate the role of skills development measures

Skills for a greener future: a global view The first global report on the implications of the transition to low-carbon and resource-efficient economies for skills, gender and occupations. The main objectives of this global qualitative and quantitative analysis are to identify: • the scale of the need for reskilling and upskilling to realize the employment … Continue reading

Skills – Acquisition and development is not enough, skills utilisation is necessary

About the Business Performance and Skills Survey The Business Performance and Skills Survey (BPSS) is a study of skills utilisation from the perspective of the commercial establishment. The analyses and findings from this study will provide relevant and timely data on skills demand and skills utilisation at the establishment level for tracking and diagnostic purposes … Continue reading

Inequalities in US – Family Wealth, defined benefit and defined contribution plans

How is family wealth in the form of employer-sponsored defined benefit (DB) and defined contribution (DC) plans distributed? How did the distribution of retirement assets change between 1989 and 2019, and how did it change for families with various socioeconomic characteristics? How did the phaseout of DB plans affect the concentration of family wealth? How … Continue reading

Essential Workers in NY – Almost two thirds are women

The coronavirus crisis has put a new focus on “essential workers,”  people who are bringing deliveries to our homes, working in supermarkets and convenience stores, keeping the public transportation system functioning, providing social services and childcare, and working in the healthcare industry. These essential workers have always played a critical role in keeping our communities … Continue reading

Minimum Wage Workers in Canada – The proportion of employees earning minimum wage grew from 5.2% to 10.4% in 20 years

This report looks at the evolution of minimum wage prevalence over the last 20 years, using annual estimates from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). It examines changes in the profile of minimum wage employees, first through a series of gradual minimum wage increases observed from 1998 to 2017, followed by notable increases in 2018. It … Continue reading

Youth Employment Group in UK – The government should implement an ‘Opportunity Guarantee’

Final recommendations from the Youth Employment Group (YEG) Prior to the onset of the COVID-19 crisis, there were already 760,000 young people not in education or employment in the UK. The Institute for Fiscal Studies has recently shown that young people are 2.5 times more likely to be working in the sectors most affected by … Continue reading

Teleworking – Policy options

Prior to the COVID-19 outbreak, teleworking used to be treated chiefly as a matter of opportunity to improve employee’s work-life balance. Suddenly, the pandemic turned it into an urgent solution to reduce the risk of contagion and ensure economic continuity. The practice has spread from an occasional option mainly concentrated in a few countries, and … Continue reading

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