Employment

This tag is associated with 1851 posts

ICT and Work – A tendency to lead to longer working hours, to create an overlap between paid work and personal life

New information and communications technologies (ICT) have revolutionised everyday work and life in the 21st century. They enable people to connect with friends and family – as well as with work colleagues and supervisors – at any point in time; however, they also facilitate the encroachment of paid work into the spaces and times normally … Continue reading

The Fourth Industrial Revolution – This transformation is going to change the way we produce goods, provide services, and collaborate with our colleagues

The final panel, moderated by Tilak Agerwala, formerly of IBM, focused on the human-technology frontier. It opened with a presentation by Fay Cook of the National Science Foundation (NSF), who spoke about work at the human-technology frontier. “We are on the cusp of major transformations in work and the workplace driven by new and emerging … Continue reading

Unemployment Rate in Europe, January 2017 – 9.6% for the Euro Area, 4.017 million young persons overall

The euro area (EA19) seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate was 9.6% in January 2017, stable compared to December 2016 and down from 10.4% in January 2016. This remains the lowest rate recorded in the euro area since May 2009. The EU28 unemployment rate was 8.1% in January 2017, down from 8.2% in December 2016 and from 8.9% … Continue reading

US – Americans are hustling to adapt to new labor force realities Pew finds

For the past several decades, employment has been rising faster in jobs requiring higher levels of preparation – that is, more education, training and experience. The number of workers in occupations requiring average to above-average education, training and experience increased from 49 million in 1980 to 83 million in 2015, or by 68%. This was … Continue reading

Canada Job Report, January 2017 – Employment rose by 48,000

Employment rose by 48,000 (+0.3%) in January, building on gains observed in the latter part of 2016. The unemployment rate fell by 0.1 percentage points to 6.8%. On a year-over-year basis, employment rose by 276,000 (+1.5%), with most of the increase occurring from August to January. Following a significant increase in December, full-time employment held steady in January. Compared with 12 months earlier, full-time employment … Continue reading

The three-fold effects of technology and globalization on labor markets

The effects of technology—especially digital innovation—and globalization on labor markets are three-fold. The first effect is disruption as jobs relocate to take advantage of lower costs, evolve to entail different tasks, or undergo wholesale change with the elimination of old jobs and the emergence of new ones. Disruption is a permanent feature of any dynamic … Continue reading

Globalization in Germany – A stabilizing effect on manufacturing jobs

Unlike in the case of the US, rising trade with emerging low-wage countries did not speed up the decline of manufacturing in Germany. Trade, in fact, slowed it down because the rising exports to these new markets worked to stabilize industry jobs, which might have otherwise been replaced by service jobs. A new IZA Discussion Paper by Wolfgang … Continue reading

Growth and Employment – The challenges for the coming years

Growth continues to disappoint, both in terms of its level but also in terms of its ability to make important inroads to making growth more inclusive. The ILO’s World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2017 highlights the challenges for the coming year in jobs and the labour market.    

Manufacturing Jobs in US – About 157,000 U.S. workers quit in October, the highest level in more than eight years

About 157,000 U.S. workers quit a manufacturing job in October, the highest level in more than eight years and a reminder of the massive churn across the labor market. Falling factory employment has been running theme of 2016, and President-elect Donald Trump has made those jobs a priority. Underneath the long-term slide in employment is a more dynamic … Continue reading

US – 6.4 million workers want full-time jobs but are working only part-time hours

An ongoing structural shift toward more intensive use of part-time employment by many employers is driving the elevated rate of involuntary part-time work. Over six years into an economic recovery, the share of people working part time because they can only get part-time hours remains at recessionary levels. The number working part time involuntarily remains … Continue reading

Canada – Job churn a new reality for young workers

The unemployment rate for young workers has always been higher than the national average. The latest data show the youth jobless rate at about 13 per cent, nearly double the national level. The labour participation rate for youth is 63 per cent, compared with nearly 90 per cent for prime working age employees. Chosen excerpts … Continue reading

Vocational vs. General Education – An initial employment advantage of individuals with VE turns into a disadvantage later in life

Around the world, there is an increasing interest in expanded vocational education as a way to get youth quickly and effectively into the labor market by endowing them with occupation- specific skills. Earlier analysis of labor markets in the 1990s, however, suggested possible adverse impacts of vocational education on employment opportunities later in life due … Continue reading

Job Report in US, October 2016 – Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 161,000

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 161,000 in October, and the unemployment rate was little changed at 4.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment continued to trend up in health care, professional and business services, and financial activities. Household Survey Data The unemployment rate, at 4.9 percent, and the number of … Continue reading

The Nordic Countries – Working there

Apart from a number of differences between the countries in the Nordic region as regards the structure and policies of their labour markets generally, there is a core of common types of approaches, standards and values which together de ne the nature of working life and labour market policy in the Nordic countries so that … Continue reading

Industry in EU – 19% of total gross value added and 15% of employment

In 2015, industry was still the largest economic activity in the European Union (EU) in terms of output generated. Accounting for 19.3% of EU total gross value added (GVA), industry was immediately ahead of the economic activities “Public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities” (19.1%) and “Wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation … Continue reading

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