Canada

This tag is associated with 794 posts

Unstable and On-Call Work Schedules in US and Canada – One out of six works a schedule that varies primarily according to employer needs

Unstable work schedules are schedules in which the times of work vary and workers have little or no control over that variability, either as individuals or through collective agreements. These schedules are also often called “just-in-time” schedules. Their main attraction for employers is flexibility: the ability to respond to changes in demand and other contingencies, … Continue reading

Job Report in Canada, April 2018 – Employment and unemployment were essentially unchanged

Employment was essentially unchanged in April and the unemployment rate held steady at 5.8%. On a year-over-year basis, employment grew by 278,000 (+1.5%). The increase was due to gains in full-time employment (+378,000 or +2.6%), while part-time work declined (-100,000 or -2.8%). In the 12 months to April, total hours worked were up 1.9%. Chart Unemployment rate The number of employed core-aged women … Continue reading

Labour Market Agreements in Canada – A more inclusive public accountability framework is needed

Workforce development policy in Canada has undergone extensive reforms in the past two decades, often driven by intergovernmental pressures. Many of these reforms, including the transfer of thousands of federal civil servants to the provinces, along with $2.5 billion annually, have occurred largely unnoticed by the public, or even recipients of services. Accountability measures have … Continue reading

Asylum Claims in Canada (2017) – Surged over any point in at least a quarter-century

More people sought asylum in Canada in 2017 than at any point in at least a quarter-century, due in part to a spike in applications from Haitians entering the country from the United States, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of Canadian government data. The 50,420 asylum applications Canada received in 2017 were more … Continue reading

Basic Income in Canada – Using the Ontario model would would cost between $76.0 billion and $79.5 billion

The total annual estimated gross cost of the defined GBI would range between $76.0 billion and $79.5 billion for the period 2018-2023. The guaranteed income for disability would range between $3.2 billion and $3.5 billion. PBO forecasts that more than 7.5 million people would benefit from the basic cost of GBI. Thus, on a per capita basis, the annual cost … Continue reading

Job Report in Canada, March 2018 – Employment increased by 32,000 unemployment rate was unchanged (5.8%)

Employment increased by 32,000 in March, driven by full-time gains. The unemployment rate was unchanged at 5.8%. In the first quarter of 2018, employment edged down (-40,000 or -0.2%), as a result of a decrease in January. Over the longer term, employment has been on an upward trend since the second half of 2016. On a year-over-year basis, total employment rose … Continue reading

Basic Skills of Immigrants in Canada in PIAAC – Lower proficiency scores than the Canadian-born in all three skills

ƒ The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) conducted under the auspices of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) provides internationally comparable measures of three skills that are essential to processing information: literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology-rich environments (referred to in this report as PS-TRE).  The OECD’s analysis of … Continue reading

University-Educated Immigrants in Australia, Canada, and the US – Performance advantage in US

Recent years have seen a push in the U.S. and in a number of European countries, including the U.K. and Germany, for governments to adopt `point systems’ for screening prospective immigrants on human capital criteria. The appeal of a `points system’ reflects not only concerns about the potential adverse effects of unskilled migrant flows on … Continue reading

Future of Work in Canada – A skills lab cannot be a solely federal initiative

In the aftermath of the economic crisis, few policy issues have attracted as much attention as skills development. Discussion has focused on the types of skills that employees need to ensure they can successfully navigate an ever-more demanding labour market, and those that employers need to have on hand to help them survive in an … Continue reading

Job Report in Canada, February 2018 – Employment was little changed (+15,000) and unemployment at 5.8%

Employment was little changed in February (+15,000). The unemployment rate declined by 0.1 percentage points to 5.8%. On a year-over-year basis, employment grew by 283,000 or 1.5%. All of this increase was attributable to gains in full-time work (+283,000 or +1.9%), while part-time employment was unchanged. Over the same period, hours worked rose by 3.2%. Employment increased in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, … Continue reading

Social Sciences and Humanities Grads in Canada – Many face challenging career transitions

Thousands of students graduate from Canadian post-secondary institutions each year with an undergraduate degree in the social sciences or humanities (SSH). While most go on to a wide range of rewarding careers, many face challenging career transitions as they struggle to define their career paths and expectations and establish themselves in the labour market. These transition-related … Continue reading

NEETs in Canada – A fact sheet

This fact sheet explores the education and labour market situation of young Canadians aged 15 to 19. In this paper we find that: The proportion of 15 to 19 year old Canadians who are not in employment, education or training (NEET) has fallen over time. In general, countries with lower NEET rates for this age group … Continue reading

The Future of Work in Canada – Eight archetypes of jobs

According to three recent studies, based on 2011 Census data from Statistics Canada (see Figure 1), predictions about the number of jobs threatened by automation range from 35 to 42 percent. The varying percentages result from di erent approaches to calculating the coming speed and pervasiveness of automation. Methodology aside, even at the low end … Continue reading

Long-Term Job Vacancies in Canada – 9% of the total (377,500) in 2016

This study uses data from the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey (JVWS) to examine the characteristics of long-term job vacancies, defined as positions for which recruitment efforts had been ongoing for 90 days or more on the day of the survey. Specifically, the study aims to answer the following questions: What is the prevalence of … Continue reading

Job Report in Canada, January 2018 – Employment fell by 88,000 and unemployment increased to 5.9%

Following two months of increases, employment fell by 88,000 in January. Part-time employment declined (-137,000), while full-time employment was up (+49,000). At the same time, the unemployment rate increased by 0.1 percentage points to 5.9%. On a year-over-year basis, employment grew by 289,000 or 1.6%. Gains were driven by increases in full-time work (+414,000 or +2.8%), while there were fewer people working part time … Continue reading

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