Canada

This tag is associated with 886 posts

Over-education of Immigrants in Canada – A much higher likelihood of over-education than US peers

Canada and the United States are two major immigrant destinations with distinct immigration policies. The two countries also differ in immigration level and economy size, but their government structures, economic systems and social environment have many similarities. These similarities and differences provide a useful setting for comparative immigration research. This study assesses the degree of … Continue reading

Digital Skills Most In Demand in Job Postings in Canada – Not highly technical programming languages, but everyday digital skills

To illuminate the different combinations of skills that Canadians need to be competitive in the labour market, we have partnered with Burning Glass Technologies (Burning Glass) to examine job posting data from January 2012 to December 2018. This data covers all of the English- language online job postings in Canada, and reflects the combination of … Continue reading

Immigrants in Canada – Recent immigrants have higher entry wages and more work experience prior to admission than before

Immigrants admitted to Canada in 2016 reported a median entry wage of $25,900 in 2017, the highest recorded among immigrants admitted since 1981. Although the entry wages of recent immigrants have increased over the past few years, their income remains lower than that of the overall Canadian population. The Canadian Income Survey estimated the Canadian population’s median wage at $36,100 in 2017. … Continue reading

STEM-educated Immigrants in Canada – The country of education appears to be an important determinant

This paper examines the skill utilization and earnings of employed immigrants with a university degree in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. Unlike earlier papers, which dealt with immigrant STEM graduates as a whole, this paper disaggregates the results by field of study and degree level (bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral). In 2016, immigrants … Continue reading

Over-education Immigration in Canada – Recent immigrants experienced a clear occupational downgrading

The educational attainment of the Canadian population has been rising rapidly in recent decades. There is concern that educational expansion has outpaced demand, leading to an increased prevalence of over-education. Over-education is defined as educational qualification that exceeds what is required to adequately perform the job. This study uses census data to document the rising … Continue reading

Job Report in Canada, November 2019 – Employment fell by 71,000 and unemployment rose to 5.9%

After holding steady in October, employment fell by 71,000 (-0.4%) in November. The unemployment rate rose by 0.4 percentage points to 5.9%. Compared with November 2018, employment gains otalled 293,000 (+1.6%), with the increase largely accounted for by full-time work. Over the same period, total hours worked grew by 0.2%. Highlights In November, employment declined in Quebec, Alberta and British Columbia, while it was … Continue reading

Commuting in Canada – The proportion of people working 25 kilometres (km) or more from the city centre is increasing

Using data from the 1996 and 2016 Census of Population, this study examines the geographic location of jobs, people’s commute and how they have changed over time. The commuting patterns for Canada’s eight largest census metropolitan areas (CMAs)—Toronto, Montréal, Vancouver, Calgary, Ottawa–Gatineau, Edmonton, Québec and Winnipeg—are compared. Since 1996, jobs have been moving away from … Continue reading

NEETs in Canada – 11.1% of Canadian youth, more likely to have poorer self-reported physical and mental health

Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET) are considered to be at risk for long-term economic and social difficulties. The number of youth NEET is important to Canada and has also become a global issue, as evidenced by its inclusion as an indicator in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. To date, most of … Continue reading

Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada – Open work permits holders had the lowest median annual earnings in 2016

Temporary residents with open work permits (OWP) accounted for 1.2% of total T4 earners in Canada in 2016 compared with 0.5% a decade earlier. This is a larger increase than among those with employer-specific work permits (ESWP), whose share grew from 0.2% to 0.3% for high-skill workers and stayed the same at 0.3% for low-skill workers. These are among the findings of a … Continue reading

Citizenship of New Immigrants in Canada – It has declined considerably, mainly among immigrants with lower family incomes and lower levels of education

Canada has one of the highest immigrant citizenship rates among major Western countries. However, over the past 20 years, the percentage of recent immigrants acquiring Canadian citizenship has declined considerably, mainly among immigrants with lower family incomes and lower levels of education. Citizenship is a key marker of integration, allowing immigrants to vote, run for political office, … Continue reading

Skills Training in Canada – Most have not recently accessed it

Respondents were then presented with a list of institutions and asked if they had accessed skills training from any of them in the past five years. Results reveal that most Canadians have not recently accessed skills training. Fewer than half (43 per cent) have accessed workplace training in the past five years, while less than … Continue reading

Children of immigrants in Canada – More likely to complete postsecondary studies

Based on integrated data from the 2006 and 2016 censuses, this study examines the education and labour market outcomes of a cohort of children with an immigrant background who were aged 13 to 17 in 2006. In this study, the outcomes of children of immigrant parents from different regions are compared with those of children … Continue reading

Post-Secondary Education, Retraining and Lifelong Learning in Canada – Canadians’ perceptions

Canada’s rapidly changing labour market creates both opportunities and challenges that force us to reflect on the future of work and learning. For post-secondary institutions, this raises many important questions about how best to support learners coming to them at all stages of their lives. To gain a better understanding of what Canadians expect, CICan … Continue reading

International Students in Canada – They earned less than Canadian students six years after graduation

The number of temporary residents that hold a postsecondary study permit in Canada has increased rapidly in recent years, going from 201,186 in 2009 to 294,020 in 2015—a 46.1% increase. The purpose of this study is to describe the postsecondary experience and early labour market outcomes of study permit holders (international students). The study found … Continue reading

Job Vacancies, Q2 2019 – Job vacancies and the job vacancy rate continue to rise as Quebec accounts for nearly 70% of the rise

On a year-over-year basis, both the number of job vacancies and the job vacancy rate increased in the second quarter. The number of job vacancies was up in four provinces and two territories, with Quebec accounting for nearly 70% of the national increase. Job vacancies increased in 6 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by accommodation and food services; … Continue reading

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