Immigration

This tag is associated with 282 posts

Immigrants in Germany – Obstacles are overcome only gradually and never fully

This paper provides an analysis of the labor market performance of immigrants in Germany. While immigrants make substantial contributions to the economy, this paper shows that they face more obstacles in the labor market than native workers, and that these obstacles are overcome only gradually and never fully. Some of the findings in this paper … Continue reading

Immigration in West Germany after the End of World War II – Farm and business owners and welfare spending were raised

How does immigration of poor people affect the lives of natives? This old policy question has recently gained extra attention in countries with large immigrant and refugee inflows. One recurring concern in the public debate is that generous welfare states attract low-skilled immigrants who supposedly benefit from public spending while contributing little in taxes. Consequently, … Continue reading

A Point-Based Immigration System in US – Would it work ?

Evidence indicates that America’s separation of executive and legislative powers makes it unlikely that a point system could operate e ectively or in a manner similar to those in Canada or Australia, which have parliamentary systems of government and agencies with the authority to make rapid and unilateral changes to a point system when problems … Continue reading

Global Migration – Migration flows are highly concentrated

Global migration has lifted millions out of poverty and boosted economic growth, a new World Bank report finds. But destination countries risk losing out in the global competition for talent and leaving large gaps in their labor markets by failing to implement policies that address labor market forces and manage short-run economic tensions. Large and … Continue reading

European Immigration in US – The data

European immigrants in the United States have largely dwindled in number since 1960, after historically making up the bulk of immigration to the country. Today, immigrants from Eastern Europe account for the largest share of European arrivals, and Europeans overall are much older and more educated than the total foreign- and native-born populations. This article … Continue reading

Immigration in US – Surges to top of most important problem list Gallup finds

Immigration has risen to the top of the list when Americans are asked to name the most important problem facing the nation — edging out the government, which has been the top issue each month since January 2017. The 22% of Americans in July who say immigration is the top problem is up from 14% … Continue reading

Immigrants au Québec – Depuis 2006, la moitié de la création nette d’emplois

De 2006 à 2017, on constate une création nette de 480 000 emplois au Québec, dont environ 250 000, soit un peu plus de la moitié, ont été comblés par des personnes immigrantes. Ainsi, la part relative des personnes immigrantes dans l’emploi total passe de 10,9 % en 2006 à 15,6 % en 2017. Ces résultats sont tirés de l’article … Continue reading

Immigration in US – Support for increasing the level of legal immigration has risen

While there has been considerable attention on illegal immigration into the U.S. recently, opinions about legal immigration have undergone a long-term change. Support for increasing the level of legal immigration has risen, while the share saying legal immigration should decrease has fallen. The survey by Pew Research Center, conducted June 5-12 among 2,002 adults, finds … Continue reading

Immigration in Australia – Locally-led migration strategies to better meet rural labour needs

In 151 regional LGAs across the country, the numbers of overseas-born residents are increasing, while the number of Australian-born residents is decreasing. The vast majority (113) of these 151 LGAs are rural. Population loss means there are still labour shortages in many rural areas. More needs to be done to enable rural communities to attract … Continue reading

Happiness Outcomes of Migrants

What is known about the effects of migration on the happiness of migrants? According to a study by Martijn Hendriks and co-authors, published in the 2018 World Happiness Report, international migrants worldwide evaluate the quality of their lives on average 9 percent higher after migration. This study’s large sample is highly representative of the global … Continue reading

Immigration – Points-based admission is less effective than the employer sponsored program research finds

This paper has examined the causal relationship between earnings and high skilled migration inflows under two central selective policies: employer sponsored admission and the points- tested scheme. We attempted to isolate the endogeneity by instrumenting average local area worker earnings with time series variations in global commodity prices, interacting with cross-sectional variation in the commodity … Continue reading

Immigration in Australia – Unions and business alliance oppose cuts

In a rare alliance, the Australian Council of Trade Unions, the Australian Industry Group and a suite of national peak bodies have said they collectively “affirm that Australia’s permanent migration program is essential to Australian society and economy and do not support any reduction to the scheme”. “Our permanent migration program has been central to … Continue reading

Labor Migration – Employment protection legislation has the largest positive impact on the stock of high-skilled immigrants

• Population aging, technology-induced changes in labor demand as well as the recent refugee crisis have once again stirred continuous debates about the economic and social consequences of international labor migration in Europe and other developed countries. Proponents of international labor mobility highlight that migrants substantially contribute to the fiscal budget, provide well-needed skills and … Continue reading

Immigration Around the World – Foreign-born population as a proportion of the total population in major cities

Globally, migration tends to ow towards cities that have a large population. The volume of movement decreases as the distance between the place of origin and the place of destination increases. Moreover, migration and urbanization are often interlinked processes. Migrants tend to remain in cities once they have arrived in their destination country, and become signi … Continue reading

Bonuses in Immigrant Language Training – Did not improve average student performance

We study the effects of performance bonuses in immigrant language training for adults. A Swedish policy pilot conducted in 2009–2010 gave a small randomly assigned group of municipalities the right to grant substantial cash bonuses to recently arrived migrants. A conservative interpretation of our results, building on a difference-in-differences approach, suggests that the bonus did … Continue reading

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