This tag is associated with 242 posts

Immigration in Canada – Prior host-country work experience as a criteria would improve integration

Recent changes to immigration selection policies favor skilled workers with prior work experience in the immigrant host country. Using unique administrative tax data for Canada, we estimate earnings equations to quantify the difference in earnings of immigrants with prior Canadian experience (prefilers) and those without prior experience (non-prefilers). We find that, relative to non-prefilers, entry … Continue reading

US – Immigrants will play the primary role in the future growth of the working-age population

For most of the past half-century, adults in the U.S. Baby Boom generation – those born after World War II and before 1965 – have been the main driver of the nation’s expanding workforce. But as this large generation heads into retirement, the increase in the potential labor force will slow markedly, and immigrants will … Continue reading

US Immigration – The most frequently sought-after statistics

While the overall immigrant population is at a numerical high, reaching 43.3 million people in 2015, the foreign-born share of the U.S. population (13.5 percent) remains below the 14.8 percent high recorded in 1890. Immigrants represented nearly 17 percent of the total civilian workforce in 2015. Of employed foreign-born workers, the largest share (31 percent) … Continue reading

Voters are often blatantly misinformed about the facts of immigration, but are willing to update their perceptions

The recent political success of right-wing populists in the US and in many European countries is often attributed to a surge in anti-immigrant sentiments among broad parts of voter populations. Researchers, however, have struggled to understand the development of these hostile attitudes. What are key drivers and determinants? Can misperceptions be tackled? These questions are … Continue reading

US – A continuous decline in the overall participation rates until 2060 BLS says

In the Census Bureau’s latest projections, the growth rate (percentage change) of the resident population is projected to decrease in the long term. In 2022, the share of natural increase and immigration in projections of the resident population will be equal and at 50 percent.   The civilian noninstitutional population is projected to grow from … Continue reading

US – How many immigrants are underemployed (i.e., in low-skilled jobs) or unemployed?

The United States has long attracted some of the world’s best and brightest, drawn by the strong U.S. economy, renowned universities, and reputation for entrepreneurship and innovation. But because of language, credential-recognition, and other barriers many of these highly skilled, college-educated immigrants cannot fully contribute their academic and professional training and skills once in the … Continue reading

Immigration – More efficient integration could generate an additional boost of $800 billion to $1 trillion worldwide

Realizing the benefits of immigration hinges on how well new arrivals are integrated into their destination country’s labor market and into society. Today immigrants tend to earn 20 to 30 percent less than native-born workers. But if countries narrow that wage gap to just 5 to 10 percent by integrating immigrants more effectively across various … Continue reading

International Migrants – 244 million in 2015, up from 222 million in 2010 and 173 million in 2000

• The number of international migrants worldwide has continued to grow rapidly over the past fifteen years reaching 244 million in 2015, up from 222 million in 2010 and 173 million in 2000. • Nearly two thirds of all international migrants live in Europe (76 million) or Asia (75 million). Northern America hosted the third … Continue reading

Immigrants in the EU – Employment rate of second generation immigrants similar to native-born with a native background

What is the educational and labour market performance of second generation immigrants in the European Union (EU)? How do the native-born decendants of immigrants perform in contrast to their counterparts with native-born parents? How do they develop compared with first generation immigrants? Does the origin of their foreign-born parents influence their performance? The answers to … Continue reading

Canada – L’augmentation de l’immigration ne suffira pas à contrer le vieillissement selon le CBC

La démographie canadienne va changer au cours des prochaines décennies, la principale raison en étant le vieillissement de la population. En 2015, les personnes âgées de 65 ans et plus représentaient 16,1 % de la population totale du Canada, proportion qui est appelée à dépasser les 24 % d’ici 2035. Or, le vieillissement de la … Continue reading

Immigrants in US and Europe – 19% of all international migrants vs 23%

The United States has long been the top destination country for migrants worldwide, though if the European Union, Norway and Switzerland were a single country it would outrank the U.S. as a destination for international migrants. But the U.S. and Europe are quite different when it comes to their migrant populations’ origin countries. In 2015, … Continue reading

Migration and the UK – 5 facts

Here are five facts about migration into and out of the UK: The UK has the fifth-largest immigrant population in the world, at 8.5 million.  2. As of 2015, the UK’s immigrant population has one of the most diverse groups of origin countries in the world, tying Denmark for the highest diversity score, which measures … Continue reading

Immigration in Canada – Express Entry’s early results

The adoption of an EOI system in Canada and other destinations is the latest development in these countries’ continuous process of review—and reform—of skilled labour immigration systems. The goal is to improve how these systems respond to local demand and contribute to the successful socioeconomic integration of new residents. Progress is measured by monitoring the … Continue reading

Immigrant Participation in Europe – Lower than for nationals with a higher unemployment rate and a lower employment rate

In 2015 in the European Union (EU), the proportion of people economically active (employed and unemployed) stood just below 70% for non-EU citizens aged 20 to 64 (69.8%), while the activity rate was above 77% for citizens of the reporting country (77.3%), referred to as “nationals”. A similar pattern is observed in most EU Member … Continue reading

Earnings of Immigrants in Canada – First paid employment of immigrants is a strong predictor of their long-term labour market outcomes

In spite of the role that employers may play in the selection of economic immigrants, little is known about whether and how firm-level characteristics are associated with immigrants’ labour market outcomes over the longer term. As a first step towards providing relevant evidence, this study asks whether there are large gaps between the initial earnings … Continue reading

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