Skills Gap in Nigeria – A skill mismatch of 60.6% among recent graduates

University graduates in Nigeria have been reported to be poorly prepared for work in recent years. This has implications on the relevance of university education, the employability and productivity of university graduates. One of the reasons suggested for this condition by previous studies was skill mismatch⎯a situation where there is a disparity between the skills acquired by students in the universities and the actual skills needed in the labor market. However, not many of these studies have investigated the extent of skill mismatch in Nigeria. This study, therefore, examined the problem of skills mismatch and its prevalence in the Nigeria labor market.

This study was carried out to assess the incidence and extent of skills mismatch among employed university graduates in Nigeria labor market. The findings from the study showed that there were gross inadequacies in the supply of all the skills (except problem-solving skill), as needed by the employers and by extension the labor market. A skill mismatch of 60.6% was identified among recent graduates. Communication, IT, decision-making, critical thinking, interpersonal relationship, and entrepreneurial, technical and numeracy skills were found to be critically deficient. The study thus recommends that Nigerian universities should incorporate in their curriculum the inculcation of those skills that are in high demand by the labor market. This can be achieved by placing greater emphasis on practical work and real life situation more than theory in the curriculum.

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Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at Skills mismatch among university graduates in the Nigeria labor market

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