This tag is associated with 1540 posts

US – The skills-based concept is gaining momentum

As the United States struggles with how to match good jobs to the two-thirds of adults who do not have a four-year college degree, his experience shows how a worker’s skills can be emphasized over traditional hiring filters like college degrees, work history and personal references. And elevating skills over pedigree creates new pathways to … Continue reading

Job Report in US, February 2018 – Extraordinarily strong : employment increased by 313,000 and unemployment unchanged at 4.1 percent

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 313,000 in February, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 4.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment rose in construction, retail trade, professional and business services,manufacturing, financial activities, and mining. Household Survey Data In February, the unemployment rate was 4.1 percent for the fifth consecutive … Continue reading

Gender Discrimination in US – More common in mostly male workplaces Pew Research Center finds

The gains women have made over the past several decades in labor force participation, wages and access to more lucrative positions have strengthened their position in the American workforce. Even so, there is gender imbalance in the workplace, and women who report that their workplace has more men than women have a very different set … Continue reading

STEM in US – Skills that matter to regions

This article highlights research in The STEM Dilemma: Skills That Matter to Regions, which was recently published by the Upjohn Institute. The book looks at the regional workforce through the lens of the knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) associated with regional occupations. This fine-grained approach uses data in the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) database to … Continue reading

Automation and Minimum Wage in US – Some groups typically ignored in the minimum wage literature are in fact quite vulnerable to job loss

For decades, economists have studied the effects of the minimum wage on employees in the United States. These studies have largely focused on the employment effects for low- skilled workers – with the principal focus on teenagers. Overall, there is some controversy regarding whether disemployment effects exist, with some studies finding no effects,although with more … Continue reading

Gender STEM Gap in US – More college degrees overall, but earn a minority of undergraduate degrees issued in stem fields

U.S. women earn more college degrees than men overall, but earn a minority of undergraduate degrees issued in stem fields   In their study of gender disparities in education and employment, Ana Maria Munoz-Boudet and Ana Revenga, two experts from the World Bank, found that gender gaps in STEM fields are common around the world. … Continue reading

Vocational and Technical Education in US – Public sector students outperform for-profit students on nearly every measure study finds

In a forthcoming paper for the Journal of Human Resources, co-authored with Federal Reserve Board of Governors Senior Economist Nicholas Turner, we generate comprehensive new estimates of labor market outcomes and debt incurred by students in vocational (or career-technical education, “CTE”) certificate programs in the for-profit sector. We compare for-profit students’ outcomes to the outcomes … Continue reading

College Completion in US – Too few are completing postsecondary education

American postsecondary education faces urgency to respond to a decades-long shift in the labor market: a declining share of good jobs today are available to those with a high school diploma or less. But too few American students are completing postsecondary education. Just over half of college enrollees will graduate within six years and the … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in US – “So, what are you doing next year?”

As employers lament a shortage of skilled workers, families bemoan the cost of higher education, and high schools struggle to prepare students for college and career, one solution is gaining steam: youth apprenticeship. “So, what are you doing next year?” It’s a common question American high school students face from teachers, neighbors, their friends, and … Continue reading

Immigration in the US – Frequently Requested Statistics

How many immigrants reside in the United States? More than 43.7 million immigrants resided in the United States in 2016, accounting for 13.5 percent of the total U.S. population of 323.1 million, according to American Community Survey (ACS) data. Between 2015 and 2016, the foreign-born population increased by about 449,000, or 1 percent, a rate … Continue reading

Wages in US – Why pay has lagged behind

With the nationwide unemployment rate at 4.1 percent, the lowest since 2000, economists have been surprised by the slow growth in workers’ paychecks. Historically, when that few people are unemployed, companies have had to pay more to attract workers — simple supply and demand. But maybe competition for workers isn’t quite as intense as the … Continue reading

STEM Workforce in US – Has grown 79% since 1990

Employment in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) occupations has grown 79% since 1990, from 9.7 million to 17.3 million, outpacing overall U.S. job growth. There’s no single standard for which jobs count as STEM, and this may contribute to a number of misperceptions about who works in STEM and the difference that having a … Continue reading

Women in STEM in US – More likely to say they have experienced discrimination in the workplace

For women working in science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) jobs, the workplace is a different, sometimes more hostile environment than the one their male coworkers experience. Discrimination and sexual harassment are seen as more frequent, and gender is perceived as more of an impediment than an advantage to career success. Three groups of women … Continue reading

Job Report in US, December 2017 – Employment increased by 148,000 and unemployment rate was 4.1 percent for the third consecutive month

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 148,000 in December, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 4.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment gains occurred in health care, construction, and manufacturing. Household Survey Data In December, the unemployment rate was 4.1 percent for the third consecutive month. The number of unemployed … Continue reading

Future of Work in US – Roughly three-quarters of Americans think it’s realistic that robots and computers might one day do many jobs

Many Americans expect certain professions to be dominated by automation in their lifetime – but few see their own jobs at risk. Roughly three-quarters of Americans think it’s realistic that robots and computers might one day do many jobs currently done by humans, and sizable majorities expect jobs such as fast food workers and insurance … Continue reading

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