Education

This tag is associated with 408 posts

Education – To what degree are labor market outcomes all set by the end of lower secondary school?

To what degree are labor market outcomes all set by the end of lower secondary school? Does GPA from lower secondary school predict earnings and employment status 13 years later, or do factors related to socio economic status (SES) and un- observable personality traits matter more? Across nations, large proportions of younger birth cohorts obtain … Continue reading

New Pathways to Success – The most disadvantaged children and young people are less likely to receive the education and develop the skills they need to adapt and prosper

Around the world, young people face considerable challenges. Even before the disruption of the Covid-19 crisis, policymakers were seeking to respond to rapid technological advances, climate change and – in some countries – an ageing population and workforce. While children and young people worldwide generally have high aspirations and ambitions for their futures, evidence shows … Continue reading

Veterans in US – Without degrees

The United States military is the single largest provider of education and training in the country. Yet, for the U.S. veteran population (21 million) and especially the 4 million veterans who served from 2001 to the present day and are still early in their careers, there can be a disconnect between the education and training … Continue reading

Education and the Future of Work – 21st century skills in curricula

“Holistic development” is the watchword when setting educational goals for students. However, what this means in practice differs from country to country and culture to culture. The underlying sentiments, though, are similar: We all want to ensure that our young citizens are equipped to think critically and creatively, and to solve problems in an increasing … Continue reading

Skills and Education in Canada – Students find it challenging to translate their understanding of skill requirements into concrete choices about education, training and careers

When stepping into post-secondary education, students are at crossroads while they make important decisions and investments amid considerable uncertainty. While this may be the unavoidable norm, better career development and targeted labour market information (LMI) can support students in making informed career decisions and successful transitions by providing data and insights on educational and labour … Continue reading

Good Jobs in US – Three distinct pathways

In 1991, most good jobs did not require a BA. Today, there are three distinct pathways to good jobs: high school, middle skills, and bachelor’s degree, says new research from the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce (CEW) in partnership with JPMorgan Chase & Co. Three Educational Pathways to Good Jobs: High School, … Continue reading

Poverty – Breaking it through education : The Pathway program

A recent IZA Discussion Paper by Adam M. Lavecchia, Philip Oreopoulos and Robert S. Brown delivers encouraging evidence that comprehensive student support programs can indeed lead to meaningful, long-run labor market benefits, including higher employment rates and earnings and a reduced reliance on social assistance. Student support program in one of Toronto’s poorest community The … Continue reading

Global Aging – The trend towards higher levels of educational attainment may help to reduce economic dependency

When studying the economic consequences of changes in the age structure of the population, looking at economic dependency ratios provides us with some descriptive and intuitive initial insights. In this paper, we present two economic dependency ratios. The first ratio is based on economic activity status, and relates the number of dependent individuals to the … Continue reading

Education and Demography – The world population is likely to grow more slowly with United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (2015–2030)

This article is a discussion of the role of education in demography, and focuses specifically on efforts by Wolfgang Lutz and his team to add education as a fourth dimension to demographic projection models, after place, age, and sex. In this piece, I review a very important publication produced by the Wittgenstein Centre, World Population … Continue reading

Education in UK – The pace of growth in young people’s educational attainment has more than halved since the start of the 21st century

This paper uses the Brexit moment to take stock of where Britain has got to on educational attainment, and where we might be heading. It highlights that while improvements to the country’s human capital stock have been driven by increasingly educated cohorts of young people flowing into the labour market, the pace of growth in … Continue reading

The Squeezed Middle Class – The education and training systems should offer a wider range of learning opportunities at various ages OCDE says

Over the past decade, the OECD has documented the evolution of inequalities in income and opportunities in details in a series of flagship publications, from Growing Unequal? (2008), to Divided we Stand (2011), to In it Together (2015) and the latest release on The Broken Social Elevator that focused on social mobility and showed that … Continue reading

Migration and Education – Leave no one behind

Leave no one behind. This is among the most aspirational global commitments of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Migration and displacement are two global challenges the agenda needs to address in achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including SDG 4: ‘Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities … Continue reading

Vocational vs General Education in Apprenticeship – The life-cycle trade-off

This paper discusses the role of vocational education, and in particular apprenticeship education, in preparing students for the labor market, with a particular focus on a life-cycle perspective in changing economies. The basic idea is that vocational education may facilitate entry into the labor market but hurt em­ployment opportunities later in life because of limited … Continue reading

Immigrants in US – About 30 million of the 58 million immigrant-origin adults lack a post-secondary credential

The United States will face an estimated shortfall of 8 million workers between now and 2027, amid an aging U.S. workforce, the retirement of baby boomers and declining birth rates. At the same time, the nearly 58 million U.S. adults who are either immigrants or the children of immigrants are projected to be the primary … Continue reading

TVET Coordination Mechanisms – The stimulus to review governance systems is less likely to come from within

Coordination is a wide-ranging term which this publication interprets as covering interaction between different ministries and government agencies at a national level; interaction between national, subnational and local structures and agencies; and interaction with social partners such as employers, trade unions and civil society organizations. The publication focuses primarily on the interaction between government ministries … Continue reading

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