Germany

This tag is associated with 158 posts

Income inequality in Germany – A rapid increase in the skill premium for young medium- skilled workers

The rise in inequality in many OECD countries over the last decades has triggered a rich body of academic work. Scholars agree in general that recent changes in inequality are mainly driven by inequality of labor incomes which in turn are closely related to skill premiums. In this paper, we ask whether skill-biased technological change … Continue reading

Dual Apprenticeship in Germany – The employment advantage of youth reverses over time and disappears around age 50

Vocationally-trained workers with relatively narrow skills face a harsher labor market with time as the nature of production changes. The employment advantage of German youth with vocational as compared to general education reverses over time and disappears around age 50, according to a study I conducted along with an international team. At that point, even … Continue reading

Germany – Despite a growing population, shortages remain in the area of skilled tasks

The fourth wave of quali cations and occupational eld projections pre- pared by the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) and the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) provide a summary of the German labour market’s expected development up to 2035. New challenges are being presented, particularly against the background of the massive refugee … Continue reading

Refugees in Germany – Vocational language training is the most effective

In 2015 and 2016, an estimated total of 1.2 million people arrived in Germany to ask for asylum. Although Germany had already experienced large inflows of asylum seekers in the early 1990s, the current situation is different not only in its scale, but also because many asylum seekers come from countries where the perspective of … Continue reading

Globalization in Germany – A stabilizing effect on manufacturing jobs

Unlike in the case of the US, rising trade with emerging low-wage countries did not speed up the decline of manufacturing in Germany. Trade, in fact, slowed it down because the rising exports to these new markets worked to stabilize industry jobs, which might have otherwise been replaced by service jobs. A new IZA Discussion Paper by Wolfgang … Continue reading

Germany – Integrating Refugees into the Labor Market

Despite the creation of countless programs and initiatives to help new arrivals integrate into the labor market, refugees and asylum seekers face real hurdles getting jobs at their skill level. Among the barriers: Most newcomers speak little or no German and language courses are vastly oversubscribed and often prioritize groups who stand a good chance … Continue reading

Transferring Germany’s “dual” vocational training system

Over recent years, the partial or complete transfer of VET systems has become in- creasingly relevant in international and comparative vocational education and training research (Barabasch and Wolf, 2011; Phillips and Ochs, 2004). This issue also has an increasingly important international training policy aspect. In the context of high youth unemployment in some industrialised countries … Continue reading

Boys Transitions into VET in Germany – They have better opportunities when entering company-based or dual education and training

This paper examines the transitions made by lower secondary school leavers and intermediate secondary school leavers into vocational education and training in Germany. With the basis that boys have long been underperforming girls in school, the paper investigates the question of whether male adolescents continue to be similarly disadvantaged when transitioning into vocational education and … Continue reading

Refugee in Germany – 100,000 new “working opportunities”

Last week, Germany’s legislature debated a new law on integration, the country’s first. It requires asylum seekers to take lessons in language, culture and values in exchange for faster access to the labor market. The government has promised to subsidize 100,000 new “working opportunities,” many of them low-paid workfare jobs. Labor laws will be relaxed … Continue reading

Discouraged Workers Effect in Germany – Across all age groups and both sexes, but differs with respect to the magnitude

The response of the labor force to fluctuations in unemployment has been discussed for decades. Especially the labor supply of females seems to be affected by the de- mand side, or by the business cycle. The question of the relationship between cycli- cal variations in economic activity and labor force participation was typically exam- ined … Continue reading

The German Dual VET System – What can be imported ?

In recent years, the dual-system approach has gained considerable international attention for its success in addressing youth unemployment. Many countries have shown great interest in adopting the German dual VET system. But how might such a transfer be carried out? Exporting a VET system from one country to another is not merely a matter of … Continue reading

Germany – The “recognition Act” and the professional or vocational qualification acquired abroad

How can a professional or vocational qualification acquired abroad be recognised? Against the background of an impending shortage of skilled workers and negative demographic developments, this is a question which has had a role to play in Germany for some time now. In order to meet the demands of the German labour market by providing it … Continue reading

Refugees in Germany – Only 8 percent find work in the first year

The influx of refugees into Germany is both a boon and a burden for the economy: it needs huge numbers of migrants to rejuvenate an aging workforce, but must financially support many for years until they learn the language and gain qualifications. The country needs about half a million migrants a year until 2050 to … Continue reading

Refugees in Germany – No minimum wage suggest top economic advisers

Berlin’s top economic advisers have recommended suspending the country’s minimum wage requirement to make refugees more attractive to employers. Easing access to the job market will help them integrate quicker, they say.  The German economy is strong enough to stem the costs of the refugee crisis, the country’s economic “wise men” said in their annual … Continue reading

Germany – Slight rise in in unemployment in August

Fresh data on the German labor market have shown the number of people looking for a job in Europe’s powerhouse economy has gone up marginally. But experts say it’s a seasonal effect not to be worried about. Germany’s Federal Labor Office (BA) said Tuesday it recorded 23,000 job-seekers more across the country in August as … Continue reading

Jobs – Offres d’emploi – US & Canada (Eng. & Fr.)

The Most Popular Job Search Tools

Even More Objectives Statements to customize

Cover Letters – Tools, Tips and Free Cover Letter Templates for Microsoft Office

Follow Job Market Monitor on WordPress.com

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Follow Job Market Monitor via Twitter

Categories

Archives