A Closer Look

IT – Jobs being matched with job seekers less efficiently than in the past

Expanding use of technology that uses ultra-specific criteria to screen and winnow candidates may be perpetuating one of the most unusual features of the slow rebound in the U.S. labor market: Despite a steady increase in openings since the recession ended in 2009, these positions are being matched with job seekers less efficiently than in the past. For each 100,000 new openings, for example, companies have hired about 48,000 people, compared with about 54,000 following the 2001 recession.

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Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at Can’t Get a Job From an Algorithm, or So It Seems as Hot Resumes Go Nowhere Fast – Bloomberg.

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It’s not a skill mismatch: Disaggregate evidence on the US unemployment-vacancy relationship

US unemployment seems stuck at an unusually high level of 8%, prompting some to suggest a widespread skills mismatch. This column argues that a skills mismatch is not supported by the evidence. Rather, out of the possible explanations, it seems that any shift in the ratio between unemployment and vacancies is driven by either lower … Continue reading 

Evidences suggests that structural unemployment is worsening in many countries

Since the onset of the Great Recession, there has been a change in the relationship between the unemployment rate and vacancy rate in the U.S.” write Bart Hobijn and Aysegul Sahin in Beveridge Curve Shifts across Countries since the Great Recession on frbsf.org. (Choosen excerpts by JMM to follow) This relationship, summarized by the Beveridgecurve, was remarkably … Continue reading 

The Beveridge Curve in US – A worsening

Real Time Economics has been tracking the progression of the Beveridge Curve, named after the economist William Henry Beveridge, that tracks the relationship between the job openings rate and the unemployment rate. With so many jobs available, more people ought to be finding their way to work. An openings rate above 3% has historically meant … Continue reading 

US / The Beveridge Curve is shifting

In an article on Thursday’s front page, I wrote about how long job vacancies are taking to fill, especially when you consider the abundance of unemployed workers. Economists have been thinking about this issue for a couple of years now thanks to a shift in what is known as the Beveridge Curve. No, the Beveridge … Continue reading 

US / Labor Economics / Is the the Beveridge curve shifthing ?

When trying to determine if high unemployment is being caused by weak demand or by a mismatch between jobs and the skills of job seekers, economists look at the Beveridge Curve. It represents the relationship between the unemployment rate and the job vacancy rate. On a simple chart, vacancies are on the vertical axis and unemployment … Continue reading 

Mismatches in US – Something happened in 2008

Something happened in 2008: the Beveridge Curve shifted to the right and stayed that way. That means employers aren’t hiring as many unemployed people as they should be, according to a pre-2008 view of the world. It is also one of the reasons the economy feels like it is still bad, even though the recession … Continue reading 

US – The Skills Gap

We could think of the US labor markets as consisting of two distinct pools of workers: skilled and unskilled. And while the unskilled workers are leaving the labor force, the skilled labor market is starting to tighten. Thats part of the reason for the persistent mismatch between job openings and the unemployment/marginal employment rate – … Continue reading 

Long-Term Unemployed in US – Only 11 percent have returned to steady, full-time employment a year later

In “Are the Long-Term Unemployed on the Margins of the Labor Market?” Alan B. Krueger, Judd Cramer,   and David Cho of Princeton University find that even after finding another job, reemployment does not fully reset the clock for the long-term unemployed, who are frequently jobless again soon after they gain reemployment: only 11 percent … Continue reading 

Unemployment in Europe / Worsening labour market matching and growing structural unemployment in a number of countries writes EC

There is evidence of worsening labour market matching and growing structural unemployment of persistent nature in a number of countries, notably those mostly affected by current account reversals and debt crises. Upward changes in structural unemployment rates appear to be mostly driven by persistently lower job finding rates ensuing from worsened labour market matching across skills and sectors, and an increased duration of unemployment spells the Commission concludes. Continue reading 

US / Job openings and unemployment are both worsening

When an economy is humming, there are lots of job openings and low unemployment. When the economy is malfunctioning, there are few openings and unemployment is high. The regular relationship between job openings and unemployment is called the Beveridge Curve. If the curve shifts outward it means that a given level of job openings is associated … Continue reading 

US / It is a Long-Term Unemployment Crisis

The rate of short-term unemployment—six months or less—is almost back to normal. In January it was 4.9 percent of the labor force. That’s only 0.7 percentage point above its 2001-07 average. But the rate of long-term unemployment, 3 percent in January, is precisely triple its 2001-07 average, according to a Bloomberg Businessweek calculation based on Bureau of Labor … Continue reading

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