Beveridge curve

This tag is associated with 11 posts

US – The rightward shift in the Beveridge curve

One feature of how the labor market looks different from before the Great Recession is captured in the Beveridge curve relationship, as shown here (vacancy rate vs. unemployment rate): We’re interested in the Beveridge curve, in part because the relationship falls out of conventional Mortensen-Pissarides search models of the labor market. In that model, we … Continue reading

Skills Gap in US – The case of construction workers

Homebuilders have had a difficult time finding labor. This might sound odd considering that 1.5 million construction workers lost their jobs during the recession and only about 80,000 construction jobs have been added back since the recovery began, says Bank of America’s Michelle Meyer. To get a better sense of the health of the construction … Continue reading

IT – Jobs being matched with job seekers less efficiently than in the past

Expanding use of technology that uses ultra-specific criteria to screen and winnow candidates may be perpetuating one of the most unusual features of the slow rebound in the U.S. labor market: Despite a steady increase in openings since the recession ended in 2009, these positions are being matched with job seekers less efficiently than in … Continue reading

Mismatches in US – Something happened in 2008

Something happened in 2008: the Beveridge Curve shifted to the right and stayed that way. That means employers aren’t hiring as many unemployed people as they should be, according to a pre-2008 view of the world. It is also one of the reasons the economy feels like it is still bad, even though the recession … Continue reading

The Beveridge Curve in US – A worsening

Real Time Economics has been tracking the progression of the Beveridge Curve, named after the economist William Henry Beveridge, that tracks the relationship between the job openings rate and the unemployment rate. With so many jobs available, more people ought to be finding their way to work. An openings rate above 3% has historically meant … Continue reading

US – The Skills Gap

We could think of the US labor markets as consisting of two distinct pools of workers: skilled and unskilled. And while the unskilled workers are leaving the labor force, the skilled labor market is starting to tighten. Thats part of the reason for the persistent mismatch between job openings and the unemployment/marginal employment rate – … Continue reading

Long-Term Unemployed in US – Only 11 percent have returned to steady, full-time employment a year later

In “Are the Long-Term Unemployed on the Margins of the Labor Market?” Alan B. Krueger, Judd Cramer,   and David Cho of Princeton University find that even after finding another job, reemployment does not fully reset the clock for the long-term unemployed, who are frequently jobless again soon after they gain reemployment: only 11 percent … Continue reading

Unemployment in Europe / Worsening labour market matching and growing structural unemployment in a number of countries writes EC

There is evidence of worsening labour market matching and growing structural unemployment of persistent nature in a number of countries, notably those mostly affected by current account reversals and debt crises. Upward changes in structural unemployment rates appear to be mostly driven by persistently lower job finding rates ensuing from worsened labour market matching across skills and sectors, and an increased duration of unemployment spells the Commission concludes. Continue reading

US / Job openings and unemployment are both worsening

When an economy is humming, there are lots of job openings and low unemployment. When the economy is malfunctioning, there are few openings and unemployment is high. The regular relationship between job openings and unemployment is called the Beveridge Curve. If the curve shifts outward it means that a given level of job openings is associated … Continue reading

US / Labor Economics / Is the the Beveridge curve shifthing ?

When trying to determine if high unemployment is being caused by weak demand or by a mismatch between jobs and the skills of job seekers, economists look at the Beveridge Curve. It represents the relationship between the unemployment rate and the job vacancy rate. On a simple chart, vacancies are on the vertical axis and unemployment … Continue reading

Mismatch shocks and the natural rate of unemployment

The authors estimate a DSGE model that features nominal rigidities and search frictions in the labor market. They evaluate the importance of mismatch shocks in accounting for the recent behavior of the Beveridge curve. Their fndings suggest that the rise in the unemployment rate during the Great Recession is mainly due to cyclical factors rather than to an increase in … Continue reading

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