A Closer Look

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Skills – Only individuals whose résumés reflect an appropriate mix of specific skills and behavioral competencies will have access to employment opportunities

An agenda dedicated exclusively to skills acquisition cannot deliver the dynamic workforce employers require for several reasons: Technology is progressing rapidly. Today’s widely used tools may be obsolete six months from now, yet it is impossible to predict which specific technical skills will be required for future jobs. Training students solely on technical skills does … Continue reading

Canada – The differences between self-employed and business owners

Entrepreneurial activity has long been argued as an important driver of innovation, job creation, and productivity growth. However, measuring entrepreneurial activity is not easy. Traditionally, many studies have approximated entrepreneurship with a broadly defined measure that includes a heterogeneous group of individuals. They include self-employed workers such as commission salespersons, professionals running unincorporated firms such … Continue reading

People with Disabilities in US – Only four out of ten working-age adults are employed

The low unemployment rate is leading employers to recruit and hire people they might otherwise screen out, such as people with disabilities or criminal backgrounds. The effects are also showing up in the data: The number of people who cite disability as a reason for not working has recently fallen, reversing a decades-long trend. But … Continue reading

Youth in Europe – Next generation still falls short of what it takes to age in prosperity

The reality faced by Europe’s next generation still falls short of what it takes to age in prosperity. First, many EU countries suffer from surprisingly large foundational skills gaps. Across half of the EU a fifth or more of 15-year-olds performed below proficiency in reading and mathematics in the 2015 Program for International Student Assessment … Continue reading

Demographics – 7 countries hold half the world’s population

As recently as 2014, half the world’s population was concentrated in just six countries – the same nations as above, with the exception of Nigeria. Recent population growth, however, has been faster in the rest of the world than in these six nations, meaning that the top six now hold slightly less than half (49.4%) … Continue reading

Layoffs in US Newspapers Since 2017 – At least 36% of the largest

Newspaper layoffs have far from abated in the past year, and digital-native news outlets are also suffering losses, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis. At least 36% of the largest newspapers across the United States – as well as at least 23% of the highest-traffic digital-native news outlets – experienced layoffs between January … Continue reading

Teens Summer Jobs in US – Fewer have one than in 2000

As recently as the turn of the 21st century, roughly half of U.S. teens could expect to spend at least part of their summer vacation lifeguarding, dishing up soft-serve ice cream, selling T-shirts or otherwise working. But the share of teens working summer jobs has tumbled since 2000: Despite some recovery since the end of the Great … Continue reading

Immigration in US – Support for increasing the level of legal immigration has risen

While there has been considerable attention on illegal immigration into the U.S. recently, opinions about legal immigration have undergone a long-term change. Support for increasing the level of legal immigration has risen, while the share saying legal immigration should decrease has fallen. The survey by Pew Research Center, conducted June 5-12 among 2,002 adults, finds … Continue reading

Company-based training – Submission of applications for training influenced by company context

Although employees in low-skilled jobs are as likely as any others to express an interest in receiving training, they actually submit significantly fewer applications for training. How can this gap be explained? While a wish to receive training goes hand in hand with employees’ perception of their career prospects, in conjunction with their aspirations, the … Continue reading

Racial and Ethnic Diversity in US – Most say growing it makes country better

A majority of Americans continue to say the United States is a better place to live as a result of its growing racial and ethnic diversity. About six-in-ten U.S. adults (58%) say that having an increasing number of people of different races, ethnic groups and nationalities in the U.S. makes the country a better place … Continue reading

US – The disappearing male worker

With unemployment at 3.8 percent, its lowest level in many years, the labor market seems healthy. But that number hides a perplexing anomaly: The percentage of men who are neither working nor looking for work has risen substantially over the past several decades. The issue, in economist’s jargon, is labor force participation. When the Bureau … Continue reading

Training in Digital Companies in France – Most digital companies use classes and courses (82%) and work-based training (61%)

How do digital companies make use of the various types of initial and continuing training in order to meet the need to keep skills up to date? Analysis of the ‘companies’ strand of the French training and employee trajectory surveys (dispositif d’enquêtes sur les formations et itinéraires des salariés or Defis) reveals their willingness to … Continue reading

Future of Work – Why Countries Need New Job Creation Strategies

China continues to report robust urban job growth that outpaces growth in the country’s labor force—despite a slowdown in economic expansion. By contrast, employment in India grew by only 1.4% per year from 2000 through 2016—despite a compound annual growth rate of 7.2% for the country’s GDP. And in some countries, including Germany and the … Continue reading

Gender Occupational Segregation in US – Continues to hover near 50 percent

A deeper examination of women and men’s labor market outcomes reveals another important way that gender disparities still manifest: the separation of men and women into different occupations. Women still tend to work in very different jobs than men, and occupational segregation has changed little over the last two decades, as shown in the figure … Continue reading

The Future of Work – We are moving away from traditional manufacturing, even away from traditional services

An interview with economist Christopher Pissarides What we are seeing now are probably some of the biggest changes in labor markets we have seen for a very long time. Of course, if you put it into historical perspective, they are not quite as big as 200 years ago, when the economy was urbanizing. Those were … Continue reading

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