A Closer Look

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Vocational Education Matters – Strong systems are based on strong career guidance, links with the labour market and flexible curricula

Vocational education has not always had the best reputation. Vocational programmes are often technical in nature, and their graduates typically expect lower incomes relative to those who complete general or academic tracks. As a result, vocational education is generally perceived as a track for low-achieving students, or an alternative for those who drop out. But … Continue reading

Mismatches in UK – As many as half (49%) of UK workers could be in the wrong job

The CIPD’s report Over-skilled and underused: Investigating the untapped potential of UK skills, based on a representative survey of over 3,700 UK employees and online focus groups, explores how well people’s skills are used and developed in the workplace. The survey found that more than a third (37%) of workers have the skills to cope … Continue reading

Business Cycles in US – NBER’s reference dates and duration

  Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at US Business Cycle Expansions and Contractions

The Future of Work – How automation could affect employment for women and minorities

Much has already been said about how automation and artificial intelligence will affect employment and wages. But what about the impact of these trends on women in the workplace? While many obstacles still stand in the way of gender parity, with the right policy actions by governments and businesses, women appear well placed to benefit … Continue reading

Skills in Postings in Europe – Cedefop’s findings

Since mid-2018, Cedefop’s online job vacancies data retrieval system has collected around 32 million unique vacancy postings in Czechia, Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy and UK. Their labour markets equal around two-thirds of employment in the EU. 79% of the online job vacancies has been collected from private online job portals, 15% from public portals … Continue reading

Older Workers Participation in US – Recent cohorts of women have been participating at higher rates than their predecessors early in life but lower rates in middle age but man …

Labor force participation is rising for older workers in the U.S.; therefore, while it is tempting to focus  on prime-age workers to gauge the economy’s health to avoid demographic effects, doing so misses important shifts amongst those over 54 years old. Figures 1a and 1b (below) show labor force participation rates by gender, birth cohort, and age in five–year intervals. These figures describe both trends in labor force … Continue reading

World Population – By country, in one chart

Total: 7,515,284,153 Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at Countries Ordered by Population in 2017

Summary 2030 Skills Outlook for Europe

Cedefop’s 2030 skills outlook Entrusted with regular EU-wide skill supply and demand projections by the Council, Cedefop presented its most recent outlook up to 2030 in 2018 – 10 years after it had pioneered its first complement these projections with information on how wage structure and job tasks are likely to change. Although some may … Continue reading

Mexican Migration to Canada – Those gaining permanent resident status (about 3,000 or so) is much smaller on an annual basis than the flow of temporary foreign workers

Emigration from Mexico to Canada has been considerably less examined than to the United States, which is by far the overwhelming destination for Mexican migrants. Yet this migration reveals some significant differences: Mexicans who obtain permanent resident status tend to have similar educational attainment as other immigrant groups in Canada, a significant contrast with those … Continue reading

The Gender Gap in STEM – Already evident among 15-year-olds.

Across the 67 countries and economies that participated in PISA 2015, girls outperformed boys in science in 19, while boys outperformed girls in 22. In all other countries, the gender differences were not statistically significant. When the authors analysed gender gaps by looking at each student’s “relative performance” or “strength” across the three subjects (box), … Continue reading

Generation Z in Australia – School, work, living arrangements the skills of 17-year-old (infographic)

This infographic provides a snapshot of the lives of 17-year-old Australians in relation to school, work, living arrangements and the skills future workplaces will require. We use the latest LSAY data from those who were 17-years-old in 2017 to look at the group of young Australians who will transition from school to a world of … Continue reading

Apprenticeships in England – What do we know?

Increasing the quantity and quality of apprenticeships is high on the policy agenda in England. Research on this issue is a central focus of the Centre for Vocational Education Research (CVER). Sandra McNally summarises some of the most significant findings to date. An apprenticeship is usually thought of as a programme of work and study … Continue reading

Immigrants and Immigration in US – How many and how have the number changed over time

How many immigrants reside in the United States? More than 44.5 million immigrants resided in the United States in 2017, the historical high since census records have been kept. One in seven U.S. residents is foreign born, according to 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) data. While immigrants’ current share—13.7 percent—of the overall U.S. population (325.7 … Continue reading

Immigrants – Majorities in top migrant destination countries say they strengthen their countries

Majorities of publics in top migrant destination countries say immigrants strengthen their countries, according to a 2018 Pew Research Center survey of 18 countries that host half of the world’s migrants. In 10 of the countries surveyed, majorities view immigrants as a strength rather than a burden. Among them are some of the largest migrant … Continue reading

LMI in Canada – Job market information lacks insights about the future

Building a career is an ongoing process. During that process, we continuously navigate options and make choices, ideally while using relevant labour market information (LMI) that can answer our questions and address our concerns. Therefore, we wanted to know about the persistent challenges Canadians face when they go looking for information to support their career- … Continue reading

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