Stereotypes are over-generalized representations of characteristics of certain groups. They allow for easier and efficient processing of information, but they may cause biased judgment or even discrimination against particular groups. In addition, discrimination may lead to self-fulfilling prophecies by influencing the behavior of discriminated groups in the direction of the stereotypes.
If individuals become aware of their stereotypes, do they change their behavior?
We study this question in the context of teachers’ bias in grading immigrants and native children in middle schools. Teachers give lower grades to immigrant students compared to natives who have the same performance on standardized, blindly-graded tests. We then relate differences in grading to teachers’ stereotypes, elicited through an Implicit Association Test (IAT).
We find that math teachers with stronger stereotypes give lower grades to immigrants compared to natives with the same performance. Literature teachers do not differentially grade immigrants based on their own stereotypes. Finally, we share teachers’ own IAT score with them, randomizing the timing of disclosure around the date on which they assign term grades. All teachers informed of their stereotypes before term grading increase grades assigned to immigrants.
Revealing stereotypes may be a powerful intervention to decrease discrimination, but it may also induce a reaction from individuals who were not acting in a biased way.
Global Teacher Status Index, 2018 – The world’s children need to be taught by people in an occupation that engenders high respect and status
The Global Teacher Status Index is based on in-depth opinion by Populus in 35 countries that explores the attitudes on issues ranging from what is a fair salary for teachers to whether they think pupils respect teachers to how highly people rank their own education system. There have been many international comparisons in education, but this the … Continue reading
Developing Real Employability Skills in Schools in UK – Over 90% of teachers believe that the top five skills and two of the four competencies are developed
There have been numerous studies asking employers ‘what they really want’ in terms of workforce skills. These often show that employers express concerns about students’ skills level in certain areas, for instance, communications. But there are two challenges – the number of overlapping studies and the broad definition of these skills. This report takes a … Continue reading
Teacher Performance Pay in US – Each year of exposure increases the likelihood of graduation from high school by 1 percentage point
Approximately all public school teachers are paid according to a salary schedule that dif- ferentiates pay by experience, seniority, and credentials, but not generally by observed performance. Education reformers have long viewed this as problematic for two reasons. First, the classroom environment presents a classic case of moral hazard: it is difficult for a principal … Continue reading
You might not think of teachers as players in our growing “gig economy.” After all, a teaching job seems like the ultimate form of guaranteed employment. Turns out, a significant number of teachers do work second jobs. In fact, teachers are more likely than others to work a second job. It’s a summer thing, right? … Continue reading
What happens to teachers who leave the profession after they leave? What can their destinations tell us about how schools and policymakers might better retain teachers? In this third Research Update, we use data from the Understanding Society survey to track teachers for several years after they leave. Our analysis shows that, on average, teachers’ … Continue reading
While anecdotal accounts of substantial teacher shortages are increasingly common, we present evidence that such shortages are not a general phenomenon but rather are highly concentrated by subject (e.g., mathematics, science, and special education) and in schools (e.g., those serving disadvantaged students) where hiring and retaining teachers are chronic problems. The authors discuss several promising, complementary … Continue reading
Literacy and Numeracy skills of Teachers – On average, they score better but the scope for improvement varies between countries
Teachers are essential for the development of human capital in society. Their skills are formed in teacher training programs, but are also highly influenced by the type and overall quality of the students who enter these programs and become teachers. Understanding which segment of the population is part of the teacher corps is important in … Continue reading
What this report finds: The teacher pay penalty is bigger than ever. In 2015, public school teachers’ weekly wages were 17.0 percent lower than those of comparable workers—compared with just 1.8 percent lower in 1994. This erosion of relative teacher wages has fallen more heavily on experienced teachers than on entry-level teachers. Importantly, collective bargaining … Continue reading
There’s a chart taken from data from the “Teacher Follow-up Survey” (TFS) of the School and Staffing Survey, which is administered to school teachers nationwide every four years by the U.S. Department of Education. We see in the chart that about 16 percent of teachers exited a school in recent years, combining both exits represented … Continue reading
Engineers have the happiest job in the world, closely followed by teachers and nurses, according to analysis carried out by the Guardian. We looked at nine different surveys conducted to find the occupations that make us happiest, and then did our own survey of these surveys, looking for the professions that appeared most often in … Continue reading
Teaching, Ingersoll says, “was originally built as this temporary line of work for women before theygot their real job—which was raising families, or temporary for men until they moved out of the classroom and became administrators. That was sort of the historical set-up.” Ingersoll extrapolated and then later confirmed that anywhere between 40 and 50 … Continue reading
Low teacher pay is not news. Over the years, all sorts of observers have argued that skimpy teacher salaries keep highly qualified individuals out of the profession. One recent study found that a major difference between the education system in the United States and those in other nations with high-performing students is that the United … Continue reading
Newly qualified Canadian teachers frustrated with the over-saturated teaching market in many major Canadian cities are setting their sights on international schools abroad, where they say professional and personal benefits far outweigh those back home Continue reading
Headteachers and education recruitment experts share their tips on standing out in the job seeking process Continue reading
If sitting in a prison cell was a job, it would be one of the most common jobs in the United States. In 2012, there were some 1,570,000 inmates in state and federal prisons in the U.S., according to data from the Justice Department. By contrast, there were about 1,530,000 engineers in America last year, … Continue reading
As a high-school teacher in the West Island, I read with great interest the Feb. 2 Gazette article by Janet Bagnall on why teachers are leaving the profession (“Study why teachers are leaving field: experts”). Having attained the benchmark of five years of teaching experience, I admit to occasionally contemplating leaving the field myself. Don’t … Continue reading