The survey appears to indicate that companies in countries with dual VET systems are generally more satisfied with the skills of VET graduates than companies in Member States with mainly school-based VET systems. A possible explanation provided was that work-based learning is an efficient way of providing both professional and transversal skills – the two skills-categories found to be lacking most frequently. In terms of promoting transversal (or soft) skills, a respondent from a company operating in many European countries said:
‘VET education programmes normally deliver graduates with good soft skills. Especially in the countries with a dual education system as company based apprenticeships are a good way to teach students the required soft skills. Thus VET education with company apprenticeships gives a higher likelihood for obtaining better soft skills. But of course there are graduates lacking soft skills in both educational systems. But dual VET systems expose you more too soft skills than a closed VET system.’ (Large company, manufacturing and engineering, operating in many European countries)
A respondent from another company operating in many European countries puts it clearly, when asked about the provided skills in a country with a dual-VET system:
‘In general, the vocational education system does deliver graduates with the right vocational skills for the company. This is due to the dual education system.’ (Large company, manufacturing and engineering, operating in many European countries)Another clear indication of the satisfaction of companies with the skills level of their apprentices upon graduation is the fact that several companies end up hiring their former apprentices.
‘We tend to employ about 90 per cent of our apprentices after the end of their vocational education.’ (Manufacturing and engineering company)
One VET expert interviewed described how the institute he represents has recently conducted an analysis on the employability of VET apprentices in Germany. It showed that small companies hire 55 per cent of their apprentices when the latter finish their studies. The figure for medium sized companies was 65 per cent, while it was 80 per cent for large companies. The analysis also showed that the main reason why companies did not hire their apprentices was because the apprentice had other plans. Another reason was that the apprentices did not meet the companies’ expectations.
The current survey data hence seems to indicate that VET graduates who have been exposed to work-based learning are more likely to have the required soft skills as well as company-specific skill specialisation. This fact is emphasized by a significant group of respondents in the survey and also by the fact that many companies tend to hire their own apprentices when recruiting new employees.
Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at Preparation of the European Business Forum on Vocational Training: final survey report
In recent years, the dual-system approach has gained considerable international attention for its success in addressing youth unemployment. Many countries have shown great interest in adopting the German dual VET system. But how might such a transfer be carried out? Exporting a VET system from one country to another is not merely a matter of … Continue reading
Youth Unemployment – Significantly lower in countries with a high share of dual VET programmes research finds
In this paper, we investigated whether an education system with an extensive VET programme, measured by the enrolment rate of students in these programmes, increases the labour market integration and the quality of jobs for young people. This relationship has been studies before, but we extend the existing literature in three ways: First, we analyse … Continue reading
Last month, I was very fortunate to be included in a study tour of the German dual-system of education and training led by Minister Kenney. He invited CFIB and several other provincial, business and union officials to look at Germany’s successes in vocational training and to determine if there are any lessons for Canada. To … Continue reading
In Canada, by contrast, apprenticeships are generally limited to the skilled trades—carpenters, electricians, pipefitters and the like—and attract a much older crowd with “signiﬁcant” labour market experience, according to a 2011 Statistics Canada study. Only about half of the more than 400,000 registered apprentices will actually complete their programs, with studies attributing the low success … Continue reading
In a world of high youth unemployment, where the supply of skilled labor often fails to match employer demand, Germany believes help can be found in its Dual Vocational Training System (TVET)—a time-tested economic model now incorporated into the Federal Republic’s law. This program, many supporters believe, is the reason why Germany has the lowest jobless rate among … Continue reading
Apprenticeships can offer a precise match between the skills employers want and the training workers receive, says Robert Lerman, an economics professor at American University. “It’s a great model for transferring skills from one generation to the next,” says John Ladd, director of the Department of Labor’s Office of Apprenticeship. Nevertheless, according to the Labor … Continue reading
Apprenticeships in South Carolina / A German company is training students in skilled labor through the model
BMW’s plant in Greer, S.C., is its only one in the United States. The company offers a program called BMW Scholars that allows young workers to study at technical colleges and work Continue reading
Just one-third of German school-leavers each year go to university; the other two-thirds enter the dual trainee programs Continue reading
In interview with the Guardian, chancellor promotes merits of Germany’s dual system of schooling and work experience, and says she regrets impact of eurozone crisis on young people Continue reading
Austria is facing a 17-year decline in the number of 15-year-olds that began in 2007 and won’t turn upward until 2024, according to government data. Faced with a deficit of new apprentices, the country’s labor ministry last month allowed asylum-seekers under age 25 to enter trade apprenticeships. In addition, a growing number of apprentices begin … Continue reading
Kudos to David Leonhardt for calling attention to the staggeringly high American youth unemployment rate — 26.6 percent — compared to rates in Europe and Japan. I just want to add that in addition to overall sluggish job creation, one of the problems is that American employers tend to avoid job training and seek workers who … Continue reading
On Tuesday, January 29th, the German Embassy in Washington, DC hosted “The German Skills Initiative” with many heads of both U.S. and German corporations in attendance. Alongside German Ambassador Peter Ammon, the speakers included U.S. Secretary of Commerce Dr. Rebecca Blank, German Deputy Chief Executive of International Economic Affairs Dr. Volker Treir, CEO of Siemens … Continue reading
Apprenticeship schemes can be the driver for the most disadvantaged young people to gain employment, but they need to be made simpler and more accessible, according to Barclays HR director Lynne Atkin. Atkin, who has been HRD of Barclays since 2009 and this year helped launch its first £20 million apprenticeship scheme, believes one of … Continue reading