En français, Les politiques et la politique

Finlande – Test d’un revenu de base universel à 780$ (560 euros)

Le Parlement finlandais a donné son feu vert mardi pour tester auprès de 2000 chômeurs le versement d’un « revenu de base » de 560 euros par mois, allocation qui pourrait être ultérieurement accordée à tout citoyen sans conditions.Finland

Sur deux ans, en 2017 et 2018, l’État comparera la trajectoire de ces 2000 chômeurs entre 25 et 58 ans, choisis au hasard et contraints de participer à l’expérience, avec celle d’un groupe test de chômeurs touchant environ ce même montant en prestations sociales. L’objectif est de savoir si, comme le pense le gouvernement, les chômeurs recevant le revenu de base seront plus motivés à trouver un emploi ou à créer une entreprise sachant qu’ils garderont dans ce cas leur revenu de base.

Sans être hostile à l’idée, l’opposition a estimé que le test était d’ampleur trop limitée, dans un pays de 5,5 millions d’habitants, pour livrer des enseignements décisifs. Une allocation mensuelle de 560 euros (780 $CAN) ne permet de vivre que très chichement en Finlande, où le revenu net disponible moyen dépasse 2200 euros (environ 3000 $CAN) par personne et par mois selon l’OCDE.

Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at La Finlande testera un revenu de base universel à 780$ | Le Devoir

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