Immigrants

This tag is associated with 42 posts

Over-education of Immigrants in Canada – A much higher likelihood of over-education than US peers

Canada and the United States are two major immigrant destinations with distinct immigration policies. The two countries also differ in immigration level and economy size, but their government structures, economic systems and social environment have many similarities. These similarities and differences provide a useful setting for comparative immigration research. This study assesses the degree of … Continue reading

Immigrants in Canada – Recent immigrants have higher entry wages and more work experience prior to admission than before

Immigrants admitted to Canada in 2016 reported a median entry wage of $25,900 in 2017, the highest recorded among immigrants admitted since 1981. Although the entry wages of recent immigrants have increased over the past few years, their income remains lower than that of the overall Canadian population. The Canadian Income Survey estimated the Canadian population’s median wage at $36,100 in 2017. … Continue reading

Citizenship of New Immigrants in Canada – It has declined considerably, mainly among immigrants with lower family incomes and lower levels of education

Canada has one of the highest immigrant citizenship rates among major Western countries. However, over the past 20 years, the percentage of recent immigrants acquiring Canadian citizenship has declined considerably, mainly among immigrants with lower family incomes and lower levels of education. Citizenship is a key marker of integration, allowing immigrants to vote, run for political office, … Continue reading

Reconnaissance des Qualifications des Immigrants par les Ordres au Québec – Une information déficiente

Le Conseil interprofessionnel du Québec (CIQ) a retenu les services de la firme Léger pour sonder un nombre significatif de diplômés hors Québec (DHQ) qui ont reçu une décision de reconnaissance partielle de l’équivalence de leur diplôme ou de leur formation de la part d’un ordre professionnel et qui ont décroché du processus de reconnaissance … Continue reading

Wages of Immigrants in Canada – Those with work permits prior to their admission have the highest entry wages

The profile of immigrants to Canada can vary between admission years. Immigrants can face challenges when they arrive in Canada, such as acquiring the ability to speak at least one of the official languages or getting their foreign credentials recognized. The immigrants admitted to Canada in 2015 earned the highest entry wages of any cohort admitted since 1981. … Continue reading

Immigrants in US – About 30 million of the 58 million immigrant-origin adults lack a post-secondary credential

The United States will face an estimated shortfall of 8 million workers between now and 2027, amid an aging U.S. workforce, the retirement of baby boomers and declining birth rates. At the same time, the nearly 58 million U.S. adults who are either immigrants or the children of immigrants are projected to be the primary … Continue reading

Immigration et Langue au Québec – Évolution entre 2011 et 2016

Le document « Immigration et langue au Canada, 2011 et 2016 » présente une analyse descriptive des immigrants récents et établis au Canada, au Canada hors Québec, dans chacune des provinces et chacun des territoires, ainsi que dans les six principales régions métropolitaines de recensement du pays, selon certaines caractéristiques linguistiques et selon leurs principaux pays de naissance. Cette analyse … Continue reading

English Proficiency of Immigrants in US – 48 percent of all immigrants reported speaking English less than “very well”

While the immigrant population in the United States continued its moderate growth in 2017, and the foreign-born share of the overall U.S. population reached a near-historic high of 14 percent, other noteworthy trends were underway beneath these totals. Compared to the 1980­–2010 period, the national origins of new arrivals have shifted. Recent newcomers are more … Continue reading

Educational Attainment and Labour Market Outcomes of Immigrants – Tertiary-educated foreign-born adults have lower earnings than tertiary-educated native-born ones, and their employment rates are consistently lower

Adult migrants in all OECD countries are a diverse group, with different profiles and levels of education. Even if they hold tertiary degrees, they are more likely to have poorer labour market outcomes, including lower earnings. Participation in the labour market is more difficult for foreign-born adults who arrived at a later age and acquired … Continue reading

Immigrants au Canada 2016 — L’Ontario affiche le taux de rétention le plus élevé chez les immigrants admis en 2011

Dans l’ensemble, en 2016, 86 % des immigrants déclarants admis en 2011 ont produit une déclaration de revenus dans leur province d’admission. Les taux de rétention sont les plus élevées en Ontario (91 %), en Alberta (90 %) et en Colombie-Britannique (87 %); les autres provinces ont affiché des taux de rétention plus faibles que le taux inscrit à l’échelle nationale.(Québec : 81 … Continue reading

Unskilled Immigrants in US – Upskilling an untapped resource

In communities across the country, many employers are having trouble finding enough skilled workers, especially to fill middle-skilled positions that require some postsecondary training but not a four-year college degree. They may be overlooking an untapped resource. Immigrants in those communities could potentially meet these labor force needs, but many are in lower-skilled jobs with limited … Continue reading

Immigrants in Sweden – Not substitutes for Swedish workers research finds

We evaluate the relationship between immigrant and native employment using the Swedish administrative employer-employee linked LOUISE database. We find that if firms increase employment of immigrant workers by 10 percent, they increase employment of Swedish workers within the same occupation of the immigrants by 1.2-2.8 percent, and they increase employment of Swedish workers within other … Continue reading

Immigrants and PIAAC – If you are not satisfied with your country’s performance, don’t blame them

The international survey of adult skills, PIAAC, records large differences in numeracy and literacy skills between immigrants and non-immigrants. We examine how these differences relate to the countries’ average skills and skill rankings. Immigrants are defined by country of birth or in terms of languages spoken. For almost all countries, the differences in average skills … Continue reading

Immigrants Language Training in France – Hours of training increase labor force participation

We examine the impact of language training on the economic integration of immigrants in France. The language classes are offered by the French Ministry of the Interior after the immigrant signs the Contrat d’accueil et d’intégration. The training is more likely to be available when the test score of an initial language exam is below … Continue reading

Canada – Chronic low income among immigrants increased from 15.8% in 2000 to 16.3% in 2004, but then declined to 12.3% by 2012

The study Chronic Low Income Among Immigrants in Canada and its Communities provides new evidence on the incidence of chronic low income among immigrants aged 25 or older during the 2000s as well as variations across 29 Canadian cities and regions. Chronic low income is defined as having a family income under a low-income cut-off for five or more consecutive … Continue reading

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