Apprenticeship in Canada – Less than one-fifth complete their training within the designated time period

Less than one-fifth of people who embark upon an apprenticeship program in Canada complete their training within the designated time period. Less than one-fifth Apprentices in higher-paying apprenticeship positions are more likely to complete their program within a given period of time than those in lower-paying positions, according to a new study.

Skilled trades are an important driver of the Canadian economy and apprenticeship training is the key pathway to become a skilled tradesperson. However, with an aging workforce, there are growing concerns about the potential lack of skilled tradespersons in the coming years, since these workers are aging at a faster pace than the rest of the workforce.

Over the last two decades, the number of new registrations in apprenticeship programs have outpaced certificates granted, suggesting that many apprentices did not complete their program. This has sparked the need to study certification rates of apprentices to better understand the factors associated with successful program completion and certification in the trades. This knowledge is crucial for ensuring the renewal of the skilled labour force in Canada.

Furthermore, as apprenticeship is primarily work-based training, apprentices are particularly vulnerable to economic shocks. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, many apprentices have been temporarily laid off due to the economic difficulties encountered by their employers and public health related shut downs. In addition, those who still have the opportunity to continue their training might have difficulty completing it because of reduced hours and/or the cancellation of the classroom portion of their training.

Chart – Proportion of apprentices who received a certificate, were continuing their program or discontinued their program, within the expected program duration and one and a half times and twice the program duration, 2008 to 2016

Source: The Daily — Study: Completing apprenticeship training in Canada

Related Posts

Apprenticeship in Canada – What’s In It For My Business?

Effective Recruitment Skills shortages and the retirement of experienced tradespeople are creating an urgent need to transfer knowledge from one generation to the next, developing the skills and competencies companies need. Apprenticeship is an important recruiting strategy – providing an opportunity to grow the future workforce, sustain the supply of highly skilled workers and pass … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in Canada – Tradespeople’s career: salaries ranging from $80,000 to over $100,000

A national survey was implemented with 754 journeypersons with a view to giving apprenticeship stakeholders a better understanding of tradespeople’s career pathways. Findings provide insights about: income levels; related occupations and career advancement; the value of the Certificate of Qualification and the Red Seal; the benefits and drawbacks of skilled trades careers; mentoring; and recommendations … Continue reading

Canada – Apprenticeship up 6.8% in 2012

Apprenticeship training programs across Canada received 104,280 new registrations and reinstatements in 2012, up 6.8% from 2011. This marked the highest number of new registrations and reinstatements individuals who were reinstated in 2012 after a year or more of absence since the beginning of the economic downturn in 2008. Total registrations in apprenticeship training programs across Canada increased 4.3% from 2011 to 444,672 in 2012. New registrations in Red … Continue reading

Atlantic Canada / 10 Apprenticeship programs being harmonized

Within the next four years, the project will harmonize 10 trades across the four provinces beginning with bricklayers, cooks, instrumentation and control technicians and construction electricians Continue reading

Canada / Total registrations in apprenticeship training programs across Canada declined in 2011

Total registrations in apprenticeship training programs across Canada declined 1.0% from the previous year to 426,283 in 2011. This was the first decline since 2008. Training programs received 97,605 new registrations in 2011, up 5.4% from 2010 but down from the 9.1% advance posted a year earlier. (This includes those individuals who were reinstated in 2011 after a year or more of absence.) Although new registrations have been increasing … Continue reading

Canada / The Trouble With Apprenticeship / Overall completion rate was 4.9% in 2007

Skilled labour shortages are expected in Canada. Apprenticeship is seen by many as one of the best ways to provide for a supply of skills matching industry needs. The German model is praised around the world, exported and copied elsewhere. What about the system in Canada? Statistics Canada has published a study by Christine Laporte … Continue reading

Canada / Gender Gap in Apprenticeship: earnings similar to college education for men but lower for women

Analysis of the 2006 census found certified male apprentices had earnings similar to men with a community college education, according to two papers to be published in the Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network monthly publication. The first study, by University of Toronto professors Morley Gunderson and Harry Krashinsky, found male apprentices earn 24 … Continue reading

Canada – Apprenticeship – Vocational Education in the Age of a Global Workforce

With collision repair facilities often turning to overseas recruitment, a knowledge of the situation as it exists is more important than ever before. The latest issue of the Canadian Apprenticeship Journal provides timely insights into international apprenticeship training systems.  “Vocational Education in the Age of a Global Workforce” brings together foreign authors from low- and … Continue reading

Tradespeople in Canada – The retirement of older ones and the declining labour force participation rate is expected to contribute to labour shortages

We spoke to 175 apprenticeship stakeholders from across Canada. We engaged tradespeople, educators, employers, and other stakeholders in the automotive, construction, manufacturing, and food service sectors. What we found is a generational divide. The Canadian trades workforce is aging at a faster pace relative to the workforce with a university degree. According to the Canadian … Continue reading

Apprentices in Canada – From 199,074 in 2000 to 405,699 in 2017 with only 51,150 certification in 2017

Despite short-term fluctuations, overall strong economic growth over the last two decades in areas such as construction and natural resources, combined with an aging workforce, have contributed to increased demand for skilled tradespeople in Canada. The total number of people registered in apprenticeship programs in Canada has grown sharply since the end of the 1990s, rising … Continue reading

Apprentice Profile in Canada – Most do not enter directly from high school

Apprentices tend to be over 20 years old, indicating most do not enter directly from high school. In 2006 and 2011, 29 per cent of new and returning apprentices were 20 to 24. From 2002 to 2011, the share of female registrants increased only marginally from 8.5 per cent to 9.4 per cent. Trades such … Continue reading

Skilled Trades Careers in Canada – 57 per cent of parents favour university as a post-secondary option

Parental influence over the education and career decisions of their children make them an important target audience for apprenticeship stakeholders committed to promoting apprenticeship and the skilled trades. To inform future career awareness outreach efforts and youth recruitment strategies, CAF-FCA undertook a national survey with parents across Canada in 2014, comparing results to findings from … Continue reading

Can Germay’s Dual System work in Canada ?

Last month, I was very fortunate to be included in a study tour of the German dual-system of education and training led by Minister Kenney. He invited CFIB and several other provincial, business and union officials to look at Germany’s successes in vocational training and to determine if there are any lessons for Canada.  To … Continue reading

Canada / Could Germany’s “dual system” training work ?

In Canada, by contrast, apprenticeships are generally limited to the skilled trades—carpenters, electricians, pipefitters and the like—and attract a much older crowd with “significant” labour market experience, according to a 2011 Statistics Canada study. Only about half of the more than 400,000 registered apprentices will actually complete their programs, with studies attributing the low success … Continue reading

Apprenticeship Levy in UK – Type of apprentice (career starter, career changer or upskiller) impacted on the value and effectiveness of prior learning assessments

The apprenticeship levy was introduced in 2017 as part of wider reforms to improve apprenticeship quality and employer engagement.This research provides insight into the impact of the levy on employers’ decision-making and whether levy funds were used for additional training or to replace other forms of training. It also explores how employers and providers assess … Continue reading

Apprenticeships after Covid in UK – What future ?

The Covid-19 pandemic outbreak and the ensuing economic uncertainty caused interruptions to apprenticeship training. This is putting the future of apprenticeships at risk just at the time when they will be most needed to protect employment and sustain the recovery. Apprenticeships offer a mix of training on the job and additional off-the-job training. This is … Continue reading

Apprenticeships in UK – It is the combination of on- and off-the job training elements that contribute to its success

Understanding the potential contribution of time spent undertaking on- and off-the-job training to meet identified learning needs, their relative advantages and the inter-relationship between sector skills and development opportunities is particularly pertinent today due to recent developments in apprenticeships in England – the government’s flagship skills training programme undertaken by over 800,000 employees. policy mandates … Continue reading

COVID and Apprenticeships in European – The aim is not to lose the year, but unsure on the final assessment

Cedefop’s community of apprenticeship experts launched an internal consultation on how European countries are managing apprenticeships in the current health emergency due to the coronavirus pandemic. Twenty five experts contributed to this exercise from: Austria, Belgium (fr, fl, de), Bulgaria, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, … Continue reading

Apprenticeship Levy in UK – The evidence on the composition and distribution of apprenticeship training

The Apprenticeship system has been subject to a number of major changes in recent years. These include: the introduction of the Apprenticeship Levy in 2017 for employers with an annual pay bill of more than £3 million; a change in funding rules for all employers; and the transition from Apprenticeship Frameworks to Apprenticeship Standards which, … Continue reading

Apprenticeships in UK – A steady rise in the number of starts at higher-education

The DfE publication included final figures on the number and type of apprenticeships that were started over the 2018/19 academic year. It confirmed one trend that we have continuously identified: the fall in apprenticeship starts at Level 2, and the steady rise in the number of starts at higher-education (Level 4+) levels, as the chart … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in US – The wage and participation gap

In recent years, U.S. apprenticeship programs have become popular among politicians, workforce advocates, workers, and employers—and it’s easy to understand why. According to the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), people who complete an apprenticeship program can expect to earn an average annual income of approximately $60,000—slightly above the 2016 U.S. national median household income. In … Continue reading

The Apprenticeship Levy in UK – What is it ?

In April 2017 the Government implemented the apprenticeship levy, a mandatory employer tax that contributes to apprenticeship development. Yet not all employers need to pay this tax. The apprenticeship levy is only paid by organisations with a pay bill of over £3 million each year (regardless of whether they employ any apprentices). Levy Payers: Organisations … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in UK – Understanding recent changes

In 2017 there was overhaul to the apprenticeships system in England: large firms were required to pay 0.5 per cent of their wage bill into an apprenticeship levy, while regulations on training and delivery were firmed up. Two years on, this briefing note takes stock of the system, looking at what’s changed, why and where … Continue reading

Apprenticeships – An analytical framework for analysing systems and schemes

Cedefop’s analytical framework for apprenticeships is a tool for analysing apprenticeship systems and schemes in Europe and, possibly, beyond. Cedefop’s analytical framework for apprenticeships is not modelled on a single recommended type of apprenticeship system or scheme – it draws on features that appear to work in more than one apprenticeship system or scheme and … Continue reading

Industry-Driven Apprenticeship in US – A true alternative with a two-track system for skills standards

Changing technology, growing skills mismatches and weak wage growth are drawing attention to the need for more sophisticated, more relevant career and technical skills, especially for workers who lack a four-year college degree. Among the most effective ways to raise skill levels and prepare workers for rewarding careers is with apprenticeships that combine classroom learning … Continue reading

Pre-Apprenticeship in US – To prepare individuals to enter and succeed

Pre-apprenticeship programs are designed to prepare individuals to enter and succeed in a Registered Apprenticeship or other high-quality apprenticeship program, and ultimately a career. They can be delivered by a range of entities including community-based organizations, high schools, labor organizations, workforce agencies, or community colleges. For educational institutions, the programs can and should integrate directly … Continue reading

Apprenticeship Levy and Employer Underinvestment in Training in UK – Verdict : Not yet

The UK has suffered a long-term and substantial decline in employer investment in training over past decades. Figures show declining employee participation in workplace training, and that a substantial portion of the training done is only induction or compliance-based. As part of an attempt to reverse the trend, the government introduced the Apprenticeship Levy in … Continue reading

Apprenticeships – An analytical framework

Cedefop’s analytical framework for apprenticeships is a tool for analysing apprenticeship systems and schemes in Europe and, possibly, beyond. Cedefop’s analytical framework for apprenticeships is not modelled on a single recommended type of apprenticeship system or scheme – it draws on features that appear to work in more than one apprenticeship system or scheme and … Continue reading




  1. Pingback: Apprenticeships in US – A new national organization to expanding it | Job Market Monitor - March 18, 2022

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Jobs – Offres d’emploi – US & Canada (Eng. & Fr.)

The Most Popular Job Search Tools

Even More Objectives Statements to customize

Cover Letters – Tools, Tips and Free Cover Letter Templates for Microsoft Office

Follow Job Market Monitor on

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Follow Job Market Monitor via Twitter



%d bloggers like this: