Girls born in 2000 are aspiring to do jobs that are paid 31 percent lower than males, according to a new IZA discussion paper by LSE researchers Warn N. Lekfuangfu and Grace Lordan. Boys born in 2000, on the other hand, have higher aspirations than previous male generations in terms of income, to the point where the gender pay gap could actually become larger than it is at present if these aspirations are fulfilled.
The study concludes that a persistent lack of women in highly paid jobs in areas such as science, technology, engineering, finance and politics is due to girls internalizing social norms, rather than a result of their innate preferences. This conclusion emerges from the researchers finding that time, rather than childhood factors, is what has altered the tendency for males and females to choose different types of jobs. Social movements or campaigns are essential to encourage girls to aim higher, it suggests.
Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at Shrinking gender pay gap has made boys more ambitious