From 2004/2005 to 2014/2015, the proportion of full-time elementary/secondary teachers under the age of 30 decreased, while the comparable proportion of teachers 60 years of age or older increased. This is in line with what has been observed in Canada more generally, namely that the Canadian population is aging and that the older generation is increasingly postponing retirement. During this same time period, the percentage of male full-time teachers continued to decrease steadily.
The university participation rate of young Canadians has risen significantly over the last 20 years while participation in college has remained stable. In 2015/2016, 97% of 15-year-olds were attending school, 24% of 19-year-olds were in college and 36% of 21-year-olds were at university.
These indicators also reveal that during the 2015/2016 school year, at least half of college students aged 17 to 24 were also working. For university students, the older they were, the more likely they were to combine work and school. This may reflect the fact that many older students at universities are graduate students who often combine their studies with teaching or doing research.
In 2016, as in previous years, the data confirmed that in general, the higher a person’s educational attainment, the less likely he or she was to be unemployed. However, over the past decade, the unemployment rate for young Canadians aged 25 to 29 who have a university degree has been close to that of similarly aged Canadians who have a college or professional diploma.
The higher the education level of off-reserve Aboriginal (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) people, the smaller the gap between their unemployment rate and the unemployment rate of the total population. In 2016, this gap was 8.5 percentage points for those with a high school diploma and 0.9 percentage points for university graduates.