In 2010, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwest China faced a formidable problem. About 75,000 college graduates were without jobs, 83 percent of them from ethnic minorities and 60 percent female. It was a difficult and pressing issue for the region.
According to a survey carried out by the National Bureau of Statistics Survey Office in Xinjiang during the first quarter of 2013, small business owners said that they considered professional skills and work experience most important when hiring. However, due to a lack of skilled laborers, most enterprises face a workforce shortage. With vacancies in key positions, some enterprises are experiencing reduced production.
In a bid to solve Xinjiang’s employment woes, the region’s government launched a program in March 2011 to send college students to provinces and municipalities in central and east China for training in employment-related skills, policies and laws as well as internships.
Zhang Mingping, Deputy Director of the Organization Department of the Xinjiang Regional Committee of the Communist Party of China, said that in the two years since the program was launched, the region has sent 22,000 college students to 19 provinces and municipalities, on exchanges ranging from 18 months to two years.
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