Academic Literature

China / Are Graduates of General Education Institutions More Competitive in the Job Market ?

“In 1999, the Chinese government decided to accelerate the pace of expansion in the higher education sector; since then, the enrolment number in higher education has dramatically increased, 513,000 more than that of 1998, which in total reached 1,597,000” writes Tian Shuzhan in Are Graduates of General Education Institutions More Competitive in the Job Market: Empirical Evidence from 2009-2010 (quotes to follow).

The increasing rate was 47.4%. Similarly, the increasing rate in 2000 was 38.16%; in 2001, it was 21.61%. This year in 2013, there will be 7 million graduates who will join the job market after they graduate. (See figure 1)

Capture d’écran 2013-08-14 à 15.14.05

Along with the achievement, however, the upsurge in graduate unemployment has dogged society since 2003, when the first batch of graduates after the expansion policy went to the market. Obviously, much research has been done in order to mitigate unemployment.

The aim of this paper is to mitigate the high unemployment rate in current China. With a sudden increase in the demand for jobs, the expansion policy in higher education since 2003 has disturbed the demand-supply balance of educated manpower. China has the largest higher education sector in the world. Along with the achievement, however, the society is not prepared enough to absorb all the extra university graduates.

I use the data on employment issue of year 2009 and 2010 from MyCOS institute and analysis them from the perspective of educational capacity and locations of universities.

My conclusion is that China’s universities should upgrade the quality of the general education sector instead of training their graduates in vocational colleges. This contradicts what Chinese people traditionally think about this issue.

Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at 

Capture d’écran 2013-08-14 à 15.19.04 via Are Graduates of General Education Institutions More Competitive in the Job Market: Empirical Evidence from 2009-2010

Related Posts

China’s Grads / Only 26 percent of postgraduate and 35 percent of undergraduate students had secured a job by April


This year is said to be the most difficult for college graduates to find a job, especially because of the record number of fresh graduates entering the tough job market Continue reading »

China / Only 3% of College Graduates Find Jobs


A mere 3 percent of China’s recent 6.9 million college graduates had found jobs in the country as of May, news portal reports. According to the recent employment situation report issued by a job-hunting website on Thursday, China’s financial hub came in at fourth place on a competition index of graduates looking for jobs … Continue reading »

China / Help for college graduates in their job hunts

POSTED BY  ⋅ MAY 16, 2013 ⋅ 2 COMMENTS

China’s central government on Wednesday outlined measures to help college graduates in their job hunts amid a grave employment situation this year. According to a statement released after a State Council meeting presided over by Premier Li Keqiang, about 6.99 million college students will graduate this year, adding pressure to the employment situation. The meeting … Continue reading»

China / Only 29 percent of the graduate students master’s degrees have found jobs


As the Spring Festival is coming to an end, graduate students may find it harder to get a desirable job than usual, as a recent survey shows that only 29 percent of students with master’s degrees have secured jobs, down from last year. A survey conducted from December last year to January 2013 by My … Continue reading »

China / Only 30 per cent of university students felt they would be able to find work


Employment prospects are looking increasingly grim amongst many “post-80s and 90s” university graduates and students across the country according to a recent report by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The CASS Blue Book of China’s Society revealed that only 76 per cent of 2012 graduates had been able to find jobs, Caijing reported on Monday. … Continue reading »

China / Over 70 per cent overseas students return home


A vast majority of Chinese studying abroad are returning back offering stiff competition for jobs to the students, who studied in local universities. Nearly 72 per cent of overseas Chinese students have returned to China after finishing education abroad since the late 1970s, a government-backed agency said in a report. From 1978 to 2011, about … Continue reading »

China / Job Market Tougher for Women Grads


Much has already been written and discussed about this year’s employment season, which has been called the toughest yet in China’s history. But for women graduates, it is even more difficultContinue reading »

China’s Grads / Children of Communist Party officials have a substantial advantage

POSTED BY  ⋅ MAY 18, 2013 ⋅ 4 COMMENTS

The China Data Center at Tsinghua University recently published a study revealing that new graduates who happen to be the children of Communist Party officials have a substantial advantage compared to their classmates. Starting salaries for these lucky few are nearly 15 percent higher than those of their peers who have no filial government connections. … Continue reading »

China / College Grads seeking better jobs take education entrance exams


College graduates who are taking postgraduate entrance exams are doing so largely because they desire better job opportunities, according to survey results released on Saturday. The survey, carried out by independent survey institution My China Occupation Skills from Nov. 23 to Dec. 19, 2012, indicated that 34 percent of respondents believe taking the exams will … Continue reading »





  1. Pingback: China / Who Is To Blame For The Worst Graduate Job Market | Job Market Monitor - September 11, 2013

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Jobs – Offres d’emploi – US & Canada (Eng. & Fr.)

The Most Popular Job Search Tools

Even More Objectives Statements to customize

Cover Letters – Tools, Tips and Free Cover Letter Templates for Microsoft Office

Follow Job Market Monitor on

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Follow Job Market Monitor via Twitter



%d bloggers like this: