Politics & Policies

US / Immigration Reform needed to fill the Skills Gap

U.S. immigration policy, since 1965, has restricted the number of foreign workers through a quota system that allocates the workers across various visa categories.

In 2013, the quota for permanent employment-based green cards was 140,000. In addition, the system provided for 65,000 temporary work visas for highly skilled workers in specialty occupations (H1-B visas) and 66,000 H2-B visas for temporary and seasonal workers. An additional 20,000 visas for advanced degree -holders were exempted from the caps, as were another category of visas (the H2-A program) for temporary agricultural workers.

The problem with the system is that it’s arbitrary and doesn’t meet the needs of employers, as our recent research confirmed.

In each of the last 10 years, we found, employer demand has exceeded the supply of H1-B visas for high-skill workers. The visas become available on April 1 for the following fiscal year, beginning Oct. 1. In fiscal 2013, the government ran out of H1-B visas in less than a week. Indeed, only twice in the last decade has the supply of H1-B visas lasted for more than half the fiscal year; in both instances, this occurred during economic downturns.

Similarly, in four of the last 10 years the demand for H2-B visas also has exceeded the cap.

The H2-A program, for temporary agricultural workers, has faltered for different reasons. Before visas can be issued to guest workers, this program requires potential employers to prove that no native-born workers are willing to take their jobs. But that’s almost impossible to prove. As a result, only about 30,000 foreign workers are in the United States under this plan.

Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at 

forbes

via A U.S. Worker Shortage Calls For ‘Red Card’ Immigration Reform – Forbes.

Related Posts

US / A skills Gap ? Most H-1B IT Foreign Workers hold entry-level positions

POSTED BY  ⋅ JUNE 28, 2013 ⋅ 1 COMMENT

There is little empirical evidence to suggest that foreign engineers displace American engineers as a whole. If anything, one recent study suggests, the growth of immigrant workers in American companies helps younger American technical workers — more of them are hired and at higher-paying jobs — but has no noticeable consequences, good or bad, on … Continue reading »

US Skills Gap / 39 percent employers are having difficulty finding staff with the right skills finds ManpowerGroup

POSTED BY  ⋅ MAY 29, 2013 ⋅ 1 COMMENT

ManpowerGroup has released the results of its eighth annual Talent Shortage Survey, revealing 39 percent of U.S. employers are having difficulty finding staff with the right skills, down from 49 percent in 2012. U.S. employers report a slightly more pronounced talent shortage than their global peers, 35 percent of whom report difficulty finding the right … Continue reading »

US Skills Gap / Builders can’t find enough qualified workers

POSTED BY  ⋅ MAY 10, 2013 ⋅ 1 COMMENT

U.S. builders and the subcontractors they depend on are struggling to hire fast enough to meet rising demand for new homes. Builders would be starting work on more homes — and contributing more to the economy — if they could fill more job openings. In the meantime, workers in the right locations with the right … Continue reading »

Skills Gap a myth, employers are simply using the wrong hiring criteria

POSTED BY  ⋅ DECEMBER 6, 2012 ⋅ 2 COMMENTS

At this writing, the unemployment rate in the United States is 7.9%, yet, according to Manpower, one out of every two U.S. employers is struggling to fill mission-critical jobs. How can that be? In my view, based on my company’s work with more than 28,000 businesses around the world and our assessment of over 3.5 … Continue reading »

Skills Gap in the US Economy (video)

POSTED BY  ⋅ OCTOBER 18, 2012 ⋅ 1 COMMENT

Skills Gap – Yes but Just Not Yet

POSTED BY  ⋅ OCTOBER 14, 2012 ⋅ 2 COMMENTS

A shortage of skilled manufacturing labor is on the way, says a new study by Boston Consulting Group. But, says the firm, it hasn’t arrived yet. Many factory managers claim they’re already suffering from a skills shortage. Sixty-seven percent of respondents reported a moderate to severe shortage of available qualified workers in a survey last … Continue reading »

US – Skills Gap a Myth?

POSTED BY  ⋅ JULY 26, 2012 ⋅ 5 COMMENTS

A specter haunts the job market. You’ve witnessed it on the campaign trail. You’ve seen it on TV. It is the idea that the skills of U.S. workers don’t match the needs of the nation’s employers. This “skills mismatch” is routinely held up to explain why the unemployment rate is still at 8.2% three years …Continue reading »

Discussion

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Jobs – Offres d’emploi – US & Canada (Eng. & Fr.)

The Most Popular Job Search Tools

Even More Objectives Statements to customize

Cover Letters – Tools, Tips and Free Cover Letter Templates for Microsoft Office

Follow Job Market Monitor on WordPress.com

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Follow Job Market Monitor via Twitter

Categories

Archives

%d bloggers like this: