If the right policies are in place, labour migration can help countries respond to shifts in labour supply and demand, stimulate innovation and sustainable development, and transfer and update skills. However, a lack of international standards regarding concepts, definitions and methodologies for measuring labour migration data still needs to be addressed.
This report gives global and regional estimates, broken down by income group, gender and age. It also describes the data, sources and methodology used, as well as the corresponding limitations.
The ILO estimates that 164 million people are migrant workers
Based on figures for 2017 provided by the United Nations/ Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN/DESA), which are adjusted for the number of refugees, there are 258 million international migrants, 234 million migrants of working age (15 and older)1 and 164 million migrant workers worldwide. For the purposes of this report, the term “international migrants” refers to persons who are foreign-born (or foreign citizens when place-of-birth information is not available), while the term “migrants of working age (15 years of age and over)” is a subset of international migrants. The term ‘“migrant worker”, on the other hand, refers to international migrant individuals of working age and older who are either employed or unemployed in their current country of residence. Overall, migrants of working age constitute 4.2 per cent of the global population aged 15 and older, while migrant workers constitute 4.7 per cent of all workers. In destination countries, the higher share of migrant workers among the global workforce than among the global population of working age is due to the higher labour force participation rate of migrants (70.0 per cent) compared to non-migrants (61.6 per cent).
Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at Report: ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers – Results and Methodology