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STEM Workforce in US – Has grown 79% since 1990

Employment in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) occupations has grown 79% since 1990, from 9.7 million to 17.3 million, outpacing overall U.S. job growth. There’s no single standard for which jobs count as STEM, and this may contribute to a number of misperceptions about who works in STEM and the difference that having a STEM-related degree can make in workers’ pocketbooks.

A new Pew Research Center analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data takes a broad-based look at the STEM workforce from 1990 to 2016 based on an analysis of adults ages 25 and older working in any of 74 occupations. These include computer, math, engineering and architecture occupations, physical scientists, life scientists and health-related occupations such as health care practitioners and technicians, but not health care support workers such as nursing aides and medical assistants.

Here are seven facts about the STEM workforce and STEM training.

  1. STEM workers enjoy a pay advantage compared with non-STEM workers with similar levels of education.
  2. STEM workers enjoy a pay advantage compared with non-STEM workers with similar levels of education.
  3. About half of workers with college training in a STEM field are working in a non-STEM job.
  4. STEM training in college is associated with higher earnings, whether working in a STEM occupation or not.
  5. The share of women varies widely across STEM job types.
  6. Women have made significant gains in life and physical sciences, but in other areas their shares have been stable and in computer jobs it has declined.
  7. Blacks and Hispanics are underrepresented in the STEM workforce.

Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at  7 facts about the STEM workforce | Pew Research Center

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