Report

Disengagement from School in UK – A map

This paper builds on previous research to set out a model which can be used to measure disengagement nationally. It uses risk factors of disengagement, some imperfect direct measurements, and outcomes which are known to be in uenced by disengagement to locate where high levels of disengagement can be found.

Disengagement describes attitudes and practices which prevent young people from learning or gaining other benefits from school. It is best viewed as a collection of behaviours which may include everything from not paying attention in class, failing to produce homework and not participating in extra-curricular activities to more extreme forms of disengagement such as not turning up at school or engaging in disruptive forms of behaviour.

Disengagement is one end of a continuum with engagement at the other end. Evidence suggests that a young person’s level of disengagement is not fixed nor hardwired into their personality. Rather it is malleable and can be responsive to interventions such as mentoring.

Disengagement from school has a wide range of negative consequences including absenteeism, poor attainment, and poor progression in learning and work. Disengagement is not experienced equally by all groups. Factors that influence the likelihood of disengagement include ethnicity, gender, and family circumstances.

As disengagement is made up of a range of different behaviours, attitudes and cognitive processes it cannot be measured simply by using a single metric. Consequently, researchers have adopted a range of strategies to monitor and measure levels of disengagement.

This paper builds on previous research to set out a model which can be used to measure disengagement nationally. It uses risk factors of disengagement, some imperfect direct measurements, and outcomes which are known to be in uenced by disengagement to locate where high levels of disengagement can be found.

Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at Mapping disengagement: exploring young people’s engagement with school

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