Mismatch priority occupations (MPOs) are those for which a critical shortage, or surplus, has important implications for the national economy (including strategic sectors) and for education and training. Cedefop uses a range of indicators (1) that uncover skill mismatches in the labour market; these are combined with qualitative insights from national experts. MPOs for each Member State have been identified using this approach.
Across the European Union (EU), MPOs for which there are skill shortages are a mix of regulated and non-regulated professional and associate professional occupations at higher skill levels. The top five are ICT professionals; medical doctors; science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professionals; nurses and midwives; and teachers (Figure 1). MPOs at intermediate skill level with skill shortages are cooks, welders and truck drivers.