Education in Canada – 6.4% of GDP compared with the OECD average of 5.3% (2011)

  • The proportion of adults aged 25 to 64 who had completed high school was higher in Canada than in all but four of the reporting members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). In 2014, 90% of Canadians aged 25 to 64 had completed at least high school, well above the OECD average of 76%. Conversely, the Czech Republic (93%), Estonia (91%), the Slovak Republic (91%) and Poland (91%) posted higher proportions. The United States matched Canada at 90%.
  • The proportion of 25- to 64-year-old Canadians that had completed at least high school was also higher than the OECD average in all jurisdictions except Nunavut (51%). Proportions ranged from 82% in the Northwest Territories to 93% in British Columbia.
  • In 2014, almost two-thirds (65%) of Canadians aged 25 to 64 had completed postsecondary education compared with the OECD average of 41%. The proportion of individuals who had a university degree (bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral or equivalent degree) was 28%. Canada placed around the middle for this measure of educational attainment, ranking 16th out of 34 OECD countries.
  • Those obtaining a diploma in other types of postsecondary education, including at the college, trade or vocational level, comprised 37% of Canadians aged 25 to 64. This partly reflects Canada’s extensive network of colleges, a system not seen in most other OECD countries, where the comparable average was 13%.

Chart 1  Highest level of postsecondary education attained among 25- to 64-year-olds, 2014

Capture d’écran 2016-03-29 à 08.47.35

  • Higher levels of education are generally linked to improved employment prospects. In 2014, the employment rate for adults aged 25 to 64 who had not completed high school was 56% in Canada, identical to the OECD average. By comparison, the employment rate among individuals of the same age group was highest for those who had a college or university credential at 82%, close to the OECD average of 83%.
  • The resources devoted to education vary across the OECD, as measured by the share of gross domestic product (GDP). In 2011, Canada spent 6.4% of GDP on education compared with the OECD average of 5.3%. The share of GDP devoted to educational institutions varied across Canada, ranging from 5.2% in Alberta (which had a relatively high GDP compared with other jurisdictions) to 9.8% in Nunavut.

Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at  The Daily — Education indicators in Canada: An international perspective, 2015


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