Unlike earlier points-based systems, CRS does not automatically designate all those who have reached a certain threshold score as eligible for admission. Instead, Express Entry applies a dynamic ranking and management system: only a small group of top-ranking individuals in the pool at a time are issued an invitation to apply (ITA) by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Every two to three weeks, a draw from the pool is made; IRCC determines the number of candidates to invite based on processing capacity and annual immigration levels. The threshold for each round is a function of this number. Candidates are invited from the top level down until the last candidate, whose score determines the low cut-off score for that round.
Interviews with employers and provincial authorities who have already made use of Express Entry indicate that the new system is working well with respect to speeding up the permanent immigration process for skilled foreign workers in high demand. Express Entry has strengthened the role of employers and provinc- es/territories in immigrant selection. In fact, policymakers solicited the involvement of these key stakeholders when designing the system.
Nonetheless, employers have expressed concerns that the stringent and complex labour market test—the LMIA—required for a qualifying job offer is too demanding, particularly for small and medium enterprises (SMEs).49 Migration candidates with job offers that are not backed by an LMIA can still be admitted to the Express Entry pool provided they meet other eligibility conditions, but they do not get the 600-point premium. Hence, employers have no assurance that these candidates will be issued an ITA shortly after being admitted to the pool.
Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at The Canadian Expression of Interest System: A Model to Manage Skilled Migration to the European Union? | migrationpolicy.org