Demography

This tag is associated with 58 posts

Future of Work in UK – The demographic changes

The Youth Commission aims to find ways to improve education and employment opportunities for England’s 16-24-year olds. Its first report identified five key challenges: • Better supporting 700,000 young people not in education, employment or training; • Increasing the number of young people qualified to at least Level 3; • Improving attainment in literacy and … Continue reading

Aging – Likely a transitory phenomenon in high-income countries

Will the population of today’s high-income countries continue to age throughout the remainder of the century? We answer this question by combining two methodologies, Bayesian hierarchical probabilistic population forecasting and the use of prospective ages, which are chronological ages adjusted for changes in life expectancy. We distinguish two variants of measures of aging: those that … Continue reading

Education and Demography – The world population is likely to grow more slowly with United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (2015–2030)

This article is a discussion of the role of education in demography, and focuses specifically on efforts by Wolfgang Lutz and his team to add education as a fourth dimension to demographic projection models, after place, age, and sex. In this piece, I review a very important publication produced by the Wittgenstein Centre, World Population … Continue reading

Germany – Despite a growing population, shortages remain in the area of skilled tasks

The fourth wave of quali cations and occupational eld projections pre- pared by the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) and the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) provide a summary of the German labour market’s expected development up to 2035. New challenges are being presented, particularly against the background of the massive refugee … Continue reading

Projected Growth in the World Population – 83 million people annually

Currently, the world population continues to grow though more slowly than in the recent past. Ten years ago, world population was growing by 1.24 per cent per year. Today, it is growing by 1.18 per cent per year, or approximately an additional 83 million people annually. The world population is projected to increase by more … Continue reading

China – The sex-ratio effects of family planning policies

China’s family planning policies are one set of the most fundamental social policies in China and are more complex than the simplified notion of a one-child policy. The Chinese government initiated the family planning policies in 1962; the well-known one-child policy had only been implemented since 1980. Even after 1980, there were considerable regional and … Continue reading

Japan – The demographic demographic problem in one chart

Japan has a major demographic problem: 26 percent of its population is elderly, the largest percent of any country in the world. That’s because Japan’s birthrate is declining, as is its overall population. In other words, a huge chunk of its population is getting old and leaving the workforce, and not enough people are being … Continue reading

Population Pyramids of the the world’s frontier markets

There are basically two big demographic stories in the world right now: Populations in developed markets (and emerging Europe) are shrinking, while the populations in emerging and frontier markets are rapidly growing. These population pyramids explain what’s going on with the world’s frontier markets. Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at  Frontier market demographic … Continue reading

Demographic trends in US – More racially and ethnically diverse

Americans are more racially and ethnically diverse than in the past, and the U.S. is projected to be even more diverse in the coming decades. Asia has replaced Latin America (including Mexico) as the biggest source of new immigrants to the U.S.   Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at  10 demographic … Continue reading

Youth – The world is roughly split into two

The world is roughly split into two – between countries where the population aged 15-19 will increase (almost threefold in the case of Niger) and where it will decrease. Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story at  Japan is not the only country worrying about population decline – get used to a two-speed … Continue reading

Old Age Social Security in Canada – Life expectancy at age 65 projected to increase from 21 to 24 years for men and from 23 to 26 years for women by 2075

The population of Canada is projected to age significantly over the coming decades. Increasing life expectancies, the aging of the baby boomers, and low fertility rates are the predominant factors that will contribute to the increase in the proportion of the elderly. As a result, the population at ages 65 and over is expected to increase … Continue reading

Japan – Population shrank by nearly a million in 5 years

Japan’s population shrank by nearly a million during the last half-decade, official census figures confirmed on Friday, an unprecedented drop for a society not ravaged by war or other deadly crisis, and one that helps explain the country’s persistent economic woes. It was the first time since Japan began collecting census data in 1920 that … Continue reading

World Population – 9.8 billion by 2050, up from an estimated 7.3 billion now

PRB’s population projections in the 2015 Data Sheet show world population reaching 9.8 billion by 2050, up from an estimated 7.3 billion now, though the projections mask wide variations among countries, notably: National populations are projected to more than double in 40 countries, the vast majority of which are in Africa. Niger’s population is projected … Continue reading

EU – Population rose by 1.7 million during 2013 with net migration as the main driver

The current demographic situation in the EU-28 is characterised in general by population growth.3 However, while the population of the EU-28 as a whole increased in 2013, the population in 13 EU-28 Member States declined. The EU-28 population rose by 1.7 million during 2013 On 1 January 2014 the population of the EU-28 was estimated … Continue reading

The Aging Emerging Economies

Population aging is often cited as a major economic challenge for the developed world. But a new report from the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) shows that shifting demographics pose an even greater threat to the growth prospects of many emerging economies.  Over the last 50 years, the world’s 1.6% annual population growth fueled a surging … Continue reading

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