Canada

This tag is associated with 805 posts

Basic Income in Canada – Using the Ontario model would would cost between $76.0 billion and $79.5 billion

The total annual estimated gross cost of the defined GBI would range between $76.0 billion and $79.5 billion for the period 2018-2023. The guaranteed income for disability would range between $3.2 billion and $3.5 billion. PBO forecasts that more than 7.5 million people would benefit from the basic cost of GBI. Thus, on a per capita basis, the annual cost … Continue reading

Job Report in Canada, March 2018 – Employment increased by 32,000 unemployment rate was unchanged (5.8%)

Employment increased by 32,000 in March, driven by full-time gains. The unemployment rate was unchanged at 5.8%. In the first quarter of 2018, employment edged down (-40,000 or -0.2%), as a result of a decrease in January. Over the longer term, employment has been on an upward trend since the second half of 2016. On a year-over-year basis, total employment rose … Continue reading

Basic Skills of Immigrants in Canada in PIAAC – Lower proficiency scores than the Canadian-born in all three skills

ƒ The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) conducted under the auspices of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) provides internationally comparable measures of three skills that are essential to processing information: literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology-rich environments (referred to in this report as PS-TRE).  The OECD’s analysis of … Continue reading

University-Educated Immigrants in Australia, Canada, and the US – Performance advantage in US

Recent years have seen a push in the U.S. and in a number of European countries, including the U.K. and Germany, for governments to adopt `point systems’ for screening prospective immigrants on human capital criteria. The appeal of a `points system’ reflects not only concerns about the potential adverse effects of unskilled migrant flows on … Continue reading

Future of Work in Canada – A skills lab cannot be a solely federal initiative

In the aftermath of the economic crisis, few policy issues have attracted as much attention as skills development. Discussion has focused on the types of skills that employees need to ensure they can successfully navigate an ever-more demanding labour market, and those that employers need to have on hand to help them survive in an … Continue reading

Job Report in Canada, February 2018 – Employment was little changed (+15,000) and unemployment at 5.8%

Employment was little changed in February (+15,000). The unemployment rate declined by 0.1 percentage points to 5.8%. On a year-over-year basis, employment grew by 283,000 or 1.5%. All of this increase was attributable to gains in full-time work (+283,000 or +1.9%), while part-time employment was unchanged. Over the same period, hours worked rose by 3.2%. Employment increased in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, … Continue reading

Social Sciences and Humanities Grads in Canada – Many face challenging career transitions

Thousands of students graduate from Canadian post-secondary institutions each year with an undergraduate degree in the social sciences or humanities (SSH). While most go on to a wide range of rewarding careers, many face challenging career transitions as they struggle to define their career paths and expectations and establish themselves in the labour market. These transition-related … Continue reading

NEETs in Canada – A fact sheet

This fact sheet explores the education and labour market situation of young Canadians aged 15 to 19. In this paper we find that: The proportion of 15 to 19 year old Canadians who are not in employment, education or training (NEET) has fallen over time. In general, countries with lower NEET rates for this age group … Continue reading

The Future of Work in Canada – Eight archetypes of jobs

According to three recent studies, based on 2011 Census data from Statistics Canada (see Figure 1), predictions about the number of jobs threatened by automation range from 35 to 42 percent. The varying percentages result from di erent approaches to calculating the coming speed and pervasiveness of automation. Methodology aside, even at the low end … Continue reading

Long-Term Job Vacancies in Canada – 9% of the total (377,500) in 2016

This study uses data from the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey (JVWS) to examine the characteristics of long-term job vacancies, defined as positions for which recruitment efforts had been ongoing for 90 days or more on the day of the survey. Specifically, the study aims to answer the following questions: What is the prevalence of … Continue reading

Job Report in Canada, January 2018 – Employment fell by 88,000 and unemployment increased to 5.9%

Following two months of increases, employment fell by 88,000 in January. Part-time employment declined (-137,000), while full-time employment was up (+49,000). At the same time, the unemployment rate increased by 0.1 percentage points to 5.9%. On a year-over-year basis, employment grew by 289,000 or 1.6%. Gains were driven by increases in full-time work (+414,000 or +2.8%), while there were fewer people working part time … Continue reading

Labour Mobility in Canada – Social capital matters

Over the past five decades, the percentage of the working-age population migrating to other provinces has fallen from roughly 2% in the early 1970s to roughly 1% in 2015 (Chart 1). Part of the drop likely reflects the growing number of older workers in the labour force—such workers are less mobile than their younger counterparts. … Continue reading

Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada – The tendency to stay longer has increased among more recent arrivals

Temporary foreign workers (TFWs) have been playing a growing role in Canada’s labour force and immigration system. The length and type of stay of TFWs in Canada have strong implications for the country’s immigration and labour policies. This study assesses the distribution of temporary workers among possible post-arrival residential trajectories to determine which TFWs are … Continue reading

Jobs and Regional Demographics in Canada – A 5.0% decline in regional labour demand reduces the regional population aged 15 to 64 by 4.5% to 6.0%

This article in the Economic Insights series assesses the degree to which changes in labour demand affect the working-age population and the regional demographic dependency ratio, based on a range of administrative data and Statistics Canada’s population estimates. The results suggest that over periods of seven years, a 5.0% decline in regional labour demand reduces … Continue reading

Future of Work in Canada – Which provinces are ready?

Some provinces, with more economic diversification or a concentration of workers in areas that are not very susceptible to automation, appear to be better situated for technological change than others, according to a new report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Risk and Readiness: The Impact of Automation on Provincial Labour Markets,” author Rosalie Wyonch … Continue reading

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