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Minimum Wage Workers in Canada Over the Last 20 Years

In recent years, discussions surrounding the minimum wage, and its increase, have been at the centre of Canadian current affairs. The renewed interest in this topic stems mainly from high-profile campaignsNote  advocating for a federal minimum wage increase to $15 per hour,Note  as well as recent notable minimum wage increases in Ontario, Alberta and British … Continue reading

Bachelor Degree from a Community College in Canada – They earn about 12% more than university bachelor’s degree holders two years after graduation

University graduates generally earn more than community college graduates, both shortly after graduation and for many years thereafter. This may partially reflect the fact that university programs are generally longer in duration. Most university students enroll in a four-year bachelor’s degree program, whereas most college students enroll in a one-year certificate program or in a … Continue reading

Inactive on the Job Market around the World – Are they really?

Inactivity rates are increasing around the world, while the global population and labour force are ageing. But the inactivity rate is an aggregate measure overlooking the different profiles of people outside the labour force. This new Spotlight on Work Statistics explores the characteristics of the potential labour force, made up of persons outside the labour … Continue reading

The Geography of the Future of Work in US – A mosaic of local economies on diverging trajectories

A new report from the McKinsey Global Institute, The future of work in America: People and places, today and tomorrow (PDF–4.41MB), analyzes more than 3,000 US counties and 315 cities and finds they are on sharply different paths. Automation is not happening in a vacuum, and the health of local economies today will affect their … Continue reading

A Training Levy – The amount of revenue that could be raised

The overall objective of this project is to develop a methodology to forecast the amount of revenue that could be raised by means of a training levy. The aim of this report is to present the main findings of the literature review that has been carried out for the purpose of this project, along with … Continue reading

NEETs in Canada in 2018/2019 – 287,400 aged 20 to 24 (12%)

Young people who are not in education, employment or training make up what is known as the NEET population. The NEET indicator has been regularly published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) since the late 1990s, as NEET youth may be at risk of low‑income or social exclusion. At Statistics Canada, the … Continue reading

Low-Paid Workers – How to promote wage progression and career progression

This research report seeks to understand whether and how government can use tax and regulation policy to promote wage progression and career progression among low-paid workers. Experiences in the labour market are at the heart of the political and policy debate about the modern economy. There is a growing sense that work is no longer … Continue reading

The Middle Class – A shift towards high-skill occupations

Labour markets across the OECD have polarised in recent decades, as the share of middle skill occupations has declined relative to that of both high- and low skill occupations. This paper shows that, contrary to what is often assumed in the public debate, job polarisation has not resulted in a decline in the share of … Continue reading

Incomes of Canadian Veteran – Decline after release with female Veterans had a 21% decline compared to less than 1% among males

This study presents an examination of the situation of certain groups of Veterans after release from the military compared to when they were in the military. It uses administrative data from the Department of National Defence (DND) and Veterans Affairs Canada (VAC) which has been combined with personal income information by Statistics Canada (see text … Continue reading

Good Jobs in US – Three distinct pathways

In 1991, most good jobs did not require a BA. Today, there are three distinct pathways to good jobs: high school, middle skills, and bachelor’s degree, says new research from the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce (CEW) in partnership with JPMorgan Chase & Co. Three Educational Pathways to Good Jobs: High School, … Continue reading

Future of Work – We should teach skills and not (just) knowledge

The publication presents three highly specific alternative visions of the future and potential options for action. It wants to make a contribution to the general debate on the future of work and make findings of the project more accessible and better-known; and above all to focus attention on both the long-term and global perspectives. To … Continue reading

PhD in Australia – Who are the top employers?

For many PhD graduates entering the employment market with recent research training under their belt, a career in research and higher education would seem to be the obvious choice. After all, that is the kind of work they have been trained to do. However, with the steep rise in PhD graduations in recent years, and … Continue reading

Career Pathways – An employee-focused model

Major changes have been seen in the workplace during the last several decades that have transformed the nature of work in many organizations. In recent years, we have seen the globalization of numerous companies and industries, organizational downsizing and restructuring, greater use of information technology at work, changes in work contracts, and the use of … Continue reading

Labor Market Information – Even the best system suffer shortcomings

Labor markets desperately need information to function effectively and efficiently, making labor market information systems critical public investments. Yet government systems face significant challenges in collecting quality data, turning it into useable market intelligence, and disseminating it in a timely, relevant manner, a situation more acute in developing countries. The rise of private, real-time labor … Continue reading

Dropouts – Leaving education during a recession has severe impacts

The financial crisis led to the biggest recession in living memory: output fell by almost 5 per cent, a bigger drop than in the downturns of the early 1990s or early 1980s. As in previous recessions, younger people bore the brunt of this: the unemployment rate for those aged 18 to 29 rose by 4 … Continue reading

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