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Apprenticeship in Europe – In 24 out of the 30 countries covered by the study

This report details Cedefop’s first cross-nation study of apprenticeships in the European Union. The point of departure for the study is what countries define and offer as apprenticeship training. It then applies a purposive approach to identifying the changes that apprenticeships are undergoing in practice, based on their design characteristics. Largely based on data collected … Continue reading

The Fourth Industrial Revolution and VET – The case of Australia

Much discussion has occurred about the impact that technological disruption will have on the Australian workforce. A recent paper by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), Skilling for tomorrow (Payton 2017), examines the various ways by which the growth in technological advance is reshaping the labour market, workforce and jobs.Despite uncertainty about the … Continue reading

The Future of Work in US – Where the robots are

In a new paper out of the Metropolitan policy program, experts John Austin and Richard Kazis discuss rebuilding the rust belt workforce. They point out that many manufacturing hubs across the midwest have not recovered from the disruption of domestic manufacturing jobs. This shift has taken a hit on “employee-based safety net protections,” leaving workers … Continue reading

A Point-Based Immigration System in US – Would it work ?

Evidence indicates that America’s separation of executive and legislative powers makes it unlikely that a point system could operate e ectively or in a manner similar to those in Canada or Australia, which have parliamentary systems of government and agencies with the authority to make rapid and unilateral changes to a point system when problems … Continue reading

Unskilled Immigrants in US – Upskilling an untapped resource

In communities across the country, many employers are having trouble finding enough skilled workers, especially to fill middle-skilled positions that require some postsecondary training but not a four-year college degree. They may be overlooking an untapped resource. Immigrants in those communities could potentially meet these labor force needs, but many are in lower-skilled jobs with limited … Continue reading

Future of Work – India at a crossroads

India is at a crossroads. It has the largest young workforce anywhere in the world, and is the fastest growing economy today. At the same time, the economy is not creating enough jobs, and therefore not fully harnessing its “demographic dividend” in preparation for the “Fourth Industrial Revolution”. To create more and better jobs, certain … Continue reading

Global Migration – Migration flows are highly concentrated

Global migration has lifted millions out of poverty and boosted economic growth, a new World Bank report finds. But destination countries risk losing out in the global competition for talent and leaving large gaps in their labor markets by failing to implement policies that address labor market forces and manage short-run economic tensions. Large and … Continue reading

The Future of Work – HOW PREPARED ARE WE?

The debate on the extent of job destruction due to automation can be imperfect science, involving a high degree of uncertainty and speculation. Most available evidence, however, highlights a need for policies that can shield specific population groups who are most vulnerable to technological unemployment or skills obsolescence. The ESJ survey data identify that lower-educated … Continue reading

AI, Robotics and Automation Technologies – The impact on professions and society and the role of HR and L&D professionals

What is the impact of AI, robotics, and automation technologies on relevant professions and society? There are potentially significant social impacts related to the increasing work-related use of AI, advanced robots and cognitive computing – one of which is on employment levels. However, opinion is divided on this topic, ranging from those who predict large-scale … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in Australia – A clear need to implement higher programs

For some time, the participation levels in apprenticeships and traineeships in Australia have been falling. The latest available data from the National Centre for Vocational Education Research confirms the downward trend for the last decade. As at December 2017 there were 256,140 apprentices and trainees in training. This is a progressive fall from 435,115 in … Continue reading

Skills Gap – Global Talent Shortages Reach 12-Year High Manpower Group says

In the digital age, technology is transforming how work gets done, creating new roles that require new skills. At the same time, organizations are increasing headcount in 42 of the 43 countries and territories that we survey and many markets are nearing full employment. As a result, talent shortages are more acute than they have … Continue reading

Tertiary-Educated Workers – Older ones experience a greater earnings advantage

How does the earnings advantage of tertiary-educated workers evolve across generations? • The earnings advantage of tertiary-educated workers is highest in countries where a low share of adults have completed tertiary education, such as Brazil, Costa Rica, Colombia and Mexico. • Tertiary-educated 55-64 year-olds have a higher earnings advantage than tertiary- educated 25-34 year-olds due … Continue reading

Unemployed Older Workers in Australia – Employers are cautious about candidates referred by public employment services – especially mature age jobseekers

Australia’s publicly funded employment services are not working particularly well for mature age jobseekers. The rate of long-term unemployment among those aged over 45 is relatively high. In a changed labour market and with an ageing population, understanding the attitudes and needs of employers is vital to assisting unemployed older Australians get and keep jobs. … Continue reading

Apprenticeship in UK – The number starts has been driven mainly by those over 25 years of age

In recent weeks, there has been much controversy over the slowdown in the number of apprenticeship starts and the potential connection with the change in the funding system. The context is one in which there is a government target to have 3 million apprenticeship starts between 2015 and 2020. In the light of recent controversies, … Continue reading

Earnings and Hours in UK – Some hollowing out has occurred, but only in relation to men

The pay of Britain’s workers has rarely been out of the news in the past decade. The unprecedented squeeze on earnings that followed the financial crisis, a new minimum wage for those 25 and over, and the arrival of the “top 1 per cent” in the years leading up to the financial crisis have all … Continue reading

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