This study uses data from the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey (JVWS) to examine the characteristics of long-term job vacancies, defined as positions for which recruitment efforts had been ongoing for 90 days or more on the day of the survey. Specifically, the study aims to answer the following questions: What is the prevalence of long-term job vacancies in Canada? How do these vacancies differ from other vacant jobs? Is there a link between the duration of the vacancy and the offered wage?
- In 2016, long-term job vacancies (i.e., positions vacant for 90 days or more) represented 9% of Canada’s 377,500 job vacancies. As a proportion of total labour demand (i.e., job vacancies and occupied jobs), the long-term vacancy rate was 0.23%.
- The percentage of long-term job vacancies varies by province and territory. In 2016, the North had the highest prevalence of long-term job vacancies, with a proportion of 17% in Nunavut.
- Occupations in health (16%), management (16%) and natural and applied sciences and related fields (14%) had the highest proportions of long-term job vacancies. The lowest proportion was sales and service occupations (5%).
- In 2016, 19% of vacancies requiring a university degree above the bachelor level had been vacant for 90 days or more, compared with 6% for positions with no educational requirements.
- Offered wages were higher for long-term job vacancies. Even after accounting for the difference in characteristics of long-term job vacancies and other vacancies, offered wages were 5% higher for full-time long-term job vacancies than they were for those who had been vacant for less than 15 days.