After four months of little change, employment increased by 44,000 (+0.2%) in October, bringing the number of people employed in Canada to over 18 million for the first time. The unemployment rate declined by 0.1 percentage points to 7.0%.
Compared with 12 months earlier, employment was up 143,000 (+0.8%), with all of the gains in full-time work. During the same period, the total number of hours worked grew by 0.7%.
Chart 1 Employment
In October, employment increased for women aged 55 and older and fell among women aged 25 to 54. There was little change for the other demographic groups.
Ontario, British Columbia, New Brunswick and Manitoba saw gains in employment, while Alberta recorded a decline. There was little or no change in the other provinces.
In October, more people were employed in public administration, wholesale and retail trade, as well as accommodation and food services. On the other hand, employment decreased in the ‘other services’ industry, natural resources and utilities.
Both the private and public sectors saw an increase in the number of employees in October, while the number of self-employed workers decreased.
Chart 2 Unemployment rate