Most of the poorer, less industrialized states like Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Bihar appear to have done well in increasing their work force in the past decade according to recently released Census 2011 data. Surprisingly, richer or more urbanized states like Punjab, Haryana and Kerala have lagged far behind in job creation.
But if you take away natural population growth, the picture changes dramatically. It becomes clear that the workforce increase in the poorer states is mainly because of their higher than national average population growth. But again surprisingly, the richer states still remain at the bottom of job creation rankings.
In terms of increase in total workers’ population, the top five states were Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Assam and Bihar, counting only major states, that is, those with over 2 crore population. The increase in their respective workforce was considerably higher than the national average. The states with the least increase over the past decade were Haryana, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Gujarat.
Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor