United States

This tag is associated with 2187 posts

Autonomous Vehicle in US – How to cope with their effects on workers

How will the introduction and diffusion of autonomous vehicles (AVs) affect U.S. workers? This highly fraught question promises soon to loom large in hometowns and policy realms across the nation. Given Americans’ current reliance on cars and trucks for most of our transportation, the transition to self-driving vehicles will change many lives and livelihoods, likely … Continue reading

Minimum Wages in US – Three conclusions on the impacts

Minimum wages have been studied so extensively that it is rare to find a fresh angle that piques labor economists’ interest. Despite a mountain of literature, advances in empirical methods, and the availability of new data, definitive studies are scarcer than policymakers would hope to find. The empirical challenges researchers of the minimum wage face … Continue reading

Job Report in US, January 2019 – Employment increased (for record 100th consecutive month) by 304,000 but unemployment edged up to 4.0 percent

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 304,000 in January, and the unemployment rate edged up to 4.0 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in several industries, including leisure and hospitality, construction, health care, and transportation and warehousing. Household Survey Data Both the unemployment rate, at 4.0 percent, and the number of unemployed … Continue reading

Immigration In US – Strengthen more than burden it majority says, but Republicans and Democrats have never been further apart

The American public’s views of the impact immigrants have on the country remain largely positive – and deeply partisan. As in recent years, a majority (62%) say immigrants strengthen the country because of their hard work and talents. Just 28% say immigrants are a burden on the country because they take jobs, housing and health … Continue reading

Congressional Budget Office’s Economic Outlook – Fiscal stimulus wane, projected economic growth falls back below the historical average

In CBO’s projections, deficits remain large by historical standards, and federal debt grows to equal 93 percent of GDP by 2029. As the effects of fiscal stimulus wane, projected economic growth falls back below the historical average. In CBO’s economic forecast, which underlies its budget projections, the economy expands more slowly over the next decade … Continue reading

Middle Skills Gap in US – The case of Georgia

Georgia joins a number of states this month in convening a new session of the legislature and welcoming a new governor. One of the most pressing challenges facing these new leaders is the state’s middle skills gap. Most jobs in Georgia’s labor market – 55 percent – are middle-skill jobs, which require more than a … Continue reading

Integration of Immigrants in US – A toolkit for doing more with less

The sharp spike in refugee and other migrant arrivals in Europe during the 2015–16 crisis elevated immigration issues to the top of the priority list for policymakers across the European Union. Several years on, all eyes have turned to how well these newcomers are settling into Member State societies. But while integration policy now has … Continue reading

English Proficiency of Immigrants in US – 48 percent of all immigrants reported speaking English less than “very well”

While the immigrant population in the United States continued its moderate growth in 2017, and the foreign-born share of the overall U.S. population reached a near-historic high of 14 percent, other noteworthy trends were underway beneath these totals. Compared to the 1980­–2010 period, the national origins of new arrivals have shifted. Recent newcomers are more … Continue reading

Unemployment and Wage Growth in US – No sharp pickup in wage growth foreseen by FRBSF

The unemployment rate ended 2018 at just under 4%, substantially lower than most estimates of the natural rate. Could such an ostensibly tight labor market lead to a sharp pickup in wage growth from its recent moderate pace, such that the relationship between wage growth and unemployment is not always linear? Investigations using state-level data … Continue reading

Jobs in US : a Chart – Employment is now 8.6% above the previous peak

This graph shows the job losses from the start of the employment recession, in percentage terms, compared to previous post WWII recessions.  Since exceeding the pre-recession peak in May 2014, employment is now 8.6% above the previous peak. Note: I ended the lines for most previous recessions when employment reached a new peak, although I continued … Continue reading

Caregivers in US – Why employers should support them

Everyone in the workforce will come face-to-face with the challenges of caregiving at one point during their career – some just may not realize it yet. Maybe they are caring for a loved one now, or have in the past, or anticipate needing to serve in this role one day. It’s an issue that can … Continue reading

Immigration US – 200 Years as a graphic of a growing tree

Today’s immigration battles take place within a long, slowly accruing history that is difficult to grasp in its sheer scale and complexity. Tens of millions of people who represent every corner of the globe have immigrated to the U.S. over the last two centuries. The picture that emerges over time can resembles a living organism, … Continue reading

Older Workers in US – A substantial number are already well positioned to fill job openings in the projected shortage occupations

Although workers age 50 and over experience relatively low levels of unemployment, they are more likely than other age groups to experience high levels of long-term unemployment, stagnant wages, and declining job opportunities. Meanwhile, many employers are experiencing labor shortages and having trouble filling vacancies with qualified, well-trained workers. This contradiction presents an opportunity to … Continue reading

Poor in the US in 2017 – About a third were children

>In 2017, 12.3 percent of the population—39.7 million people—lived in poverty, as defined by the official poverty measure [i]. The share of the population living in poverty was statistically significantly lower in 2017 than in 2016 by 0.4 percentage points. The U.S. Census Bureau is tasked with determining how many people in the United States … Continue reading

Job Report in US, December 2018 – Employment increased by 312,000 but unemployment rose by 0.2 percentage point to 3.9 percent

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 312,000 in December, and the unemployment rate rose to 3.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in health care, food services and drinking places, construction, manufacturing, and retail trade. Household Survey Data The unemployment rate rose by 0.2 percentage point to 3.9 percent … Continue reading

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