To better understand the educational pathways of the Black population, a cohort of young people was followed over a decade, from 2006 to 2016.
Results indicate that young Black people were as likely as other young Canadians from the same cohort to obtain a high school diploma, but were less likely to obtain a postsecondary degree—particularly among men.
For example, among Black boys aged 13 to 17 in 2006, just over half (51%) had a postsecondary degree 10 years later, when they were aged 23 to 27. This compared with almost two-thirds (62%) of other boys in the same age group.
Such differences were less pronounced among girls. Among Black girls aged 13 to 17 in 2006, over two-thirds (69%) had a postsecondary degree a decade later, compared with three-quarters (75%) of other girls in the same cohort.
These differences in educational attainment remained after taking a number of characteristics into account, such as parents’ level of education, family income, family structure and immigration status.
That said, if young Black people achieve lower levels of education, it is not because their educational aspirations are lower. In 2016, nearly all Black youth aged 15 to 25 indicated that they wanted a university degree (94%), compared with 82% of other youth in the same age group.
Black adults are less likely to be employed than the rest of the adult population
While educational attainment is an important factor for the success of young Canadians, labour market participation and annual earnings are important indicators of socioeconomic well-being for working-age adults.
There were significant differences in the employment and earnings of Black people relative to the rest of the adult population, and these differences have grown over time—despite gains in the educational attainment of Black people.
From 2001 to 2016, for example, the employment rate of Black women aged 25 to 59 remained at 71%, but increased from 72% to 75% among other women in the same age group.
Similarly, the gap in median annual wages increased between Black people and the rest of the working age population, largely because the wages of Black workers did not grow as quickly as those of other workers.
These gaps may be the result of differences in characteristics, such as job characteristics. These issues will be examined in more detail in a Statistics Canada study, to be published later in 2020.
Black people report higher levels of resilience
Despite the difficulties faced by the Black population in the labour market, Black people reported having significantly higher levels of resilience and optimism across a number of indicators when compared with the rest of the Canadian population.
For example, almost two-thirds (65%) of the Black population aged 15 and older felt that they always learned something after difficult experiences, compared with just under half (48%) for the rest of the population.
Furthermore, 44% of the Black population reported that they could “always” bounce back quickly after hard times, compared with one-third (33%) for the rest of the Canadian population.
The Black population also expressed a better outlook for the future, regardless of immigration status. Specifically, 76% of the Black immigrant population and 85% of the Black non-immigrant population felt that life opportunities would improve within the next five years. Within the rest of the population, these percentages were 57% and 46%, respectively.
Chosen excerpts by Job Market Monitor. Read the whole story @ The Daily — A socioeconomic portrait of Canada’s Black population