Politics & Policies

This category contains 572 posts

Higher Education and Skills Gap in US – New workforce training models needed brookings’ Holzer finds

Employment of Americans in middle-wage jobs has been declining, due to trends both in employer demand and worker skill attainment. Workforce development in the US now mostly occurs in community and forprofit colleges, as well as the lower-tier of 4-year colleges. Enrollment rates are high, even among the disadvantaged, but completion rates are very low … Continue reading

Canada’s Jobs and Opportunities Agenda – Finance minister admits he doesn’t know

Finance Minister  is admitting he doesn’t know how many jobs last week’s federal budget will create. Despite insisting that the budget will create jobs through measures such as the small business tax cut, Oliver told CTV’s Question Period that he doesn’t know how many. “We have forecasts for the growth and the economy. I don’t … Continue reading

US – Government jobs 630,000 below early stages of recession level

The Labor Department’s latest report signaled that a broader economic slowdown is taking place after job growth ticked up last year. The economy added just 126,000 jobs last month — the lowest tally in more than a year. While the new estimates were disappointing, they’re hardly anything out of the ordinary for the public sector. … Continue reading

Alabama Workforce Council – A series of initiatives

A new era of collaboration between Alabama business leaders and education officials anchors a series of innovative initiatives that take aim at transforming workforce development efforts and improving educational outcomes in the state.  These proposals are detailed in a report prepared by the Alabama Workforce Council, which is now being made available to the public. … Continue reading

Express Entry in Canada – A downward trend in qualifying scores

Citizenship and Immigration Canada has completed another round of draws from the new Express Entry pool.  The draw, completed on March 28, 2015 resulted in 1,637 Invitations to Apply (ITA) for Permanent Residence.  The lowest qualifying score was 453. Express Entry is Canada’s new immigration application management system. Candidates are awarded points meant to measure … Continue reading

Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada – Permits expire for those who have been in the country for more than four years

Thousands of temporary foreign workers could be heading to airports to leave Canada Wednesday as permits expire for those who have been in the country for more than four years. The Conservative government set April 1, 2015 as the deadline for temporary foreign workers in low-skilled jobs to either become permanent residents or leave the … Continue reading

US – The effects of a package of policies that aim to alleviate poverty

During the Great Recession, the official poverty rate in the United States rose to its highest level in over 15 years. Reducing poverty continues to be a serious public policy concern. This report examines the effects of a package of policies that aim to alleviate poverty through increased work supports and other measures, and estimates … Continue reading

US – Labor Market Slack Persisted Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta writes

Shifting labor force participation clouded unemployment picture Although the labor force participation rate (LFPR) has trended down since early 2000 (when the LFPR was 67 percent), the recession exacerbated the decline (see the   Labor Force Participation Rate chart). At the end of 2014, roughly 62.7 percent of the working age population was either employed or … Continue reading

Canada – The Employment Insurance Operating Account

The Employment Insurance Operating Account was created on 1 January 2009. It is a consolidated specific purpose account, meaning that it includes program-related revenues credited and expenses charged to this account under the Employment Insurance Act.8 EI premiums are paid into the Consolidated Revenue Fund (CRF), which includes general government revenues such as taxes,9 and … Continue reading

Raising Wages in US – Policies that work

As this paper explains, wage stagnation is not inevitable. It is the direct result of public policy choices on behalf of those with the most power and wealth that have suppressed wage growth for the vast majority in recent decades. Thus, because wage stagnation was caused by policy, it can be alleviated by policy. In … Continue reading

Unlocking the sharing economy in UK – A report

In September 2014, Matthew Hancock MP, the Business Minister, asked me to write a report on the sharing economy – and to make recommendations as to how the UK could become a global centre for this fast-growing sector. The sharing economy allows people to share property, resources, time and skills across online platforms. This can … Continue reading

EU Immigration Policy – In need of public figures who can speak to policymakers, politicians, and publics report says

The European Union has been charged with leading a response to a range of complex and interlinked challenges related to EU immigration and asylum policy, from the short-term need to respond to maritime migration in the Mediterranean, through to the long-term questions about Europe’s future as a diverse, competitive society. However, it is becoming increasingly … Continue reading

Immigrants to Canada – The ‘New Gateways’ and immigrant selection programs and immigrant source regions

Canada and the United States have recently experienced an increased regional dispersion of entering immigrants. American research suggests that a mixture of economic push factors (away from states like California) and pull factors (toward states with growth of low-wage jobs), as well as changing government policies and regulations contributed to the development of the ‘New … Continue reading

UK – The highest proportion of employees with a workplace pension on record

Workplace pension reforms The Pensions Act 2008 put in place a framework for workplace pension reform designed to increase private pension saving in the UK. This framework was amended slightly by the Pensions Acts 2011 and 2014. One of the key reforms was that, from October 2012, all eligible employees are to be automatically enrolled … Continue reading

FRB March 4, 2015 Beige Book on Employment, Wages, and Prices

Employment, Wages, and Prices Employment levels remained stable or continued to grow in most Districts and across a variety of sectors. Contacts in several Districts noted strong labor demand and challenges filling a variety of skilled positions. Firms in the Philadelphia District reported positive employment trends in a broad range of sectors, with the majority … Continue reading

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